Cultural bases for self-evaluation: Seeing oneself positively in different cultural contexts

Maya Becker 1 Vivian Vignoles 1 Elinor Owe 1 Matthew Easterbrook 1 Rupert Brown 1 Peter Smith 1 Michael Harris Bond Camillo Regalia 2 Claudia Manzi 2 Maria Brambilla 2 Saïd Aldhafri 3 Roberto González 4 Diego Carrasco 4 Maria Paz Cadena 4 Siugmin Lay 4 Inge Schweiger Gallo 5 Ana Torres 6 Leoncio Camino 6 Emre Özgen 7 Ülkü E. Güner 8 Nil Yamakoğlu 8 Flávia Cristina Silveira Lemos 9 Elvia Vargas Trujillo 10 Paola Balanta 10 Ma. Elizabeth J. Macapagal 11 M. Cristina Ferreira Ginette Herman 12 Isabelle De Sauvage 12 David Bourguignon 13 Qian Wang 14 Márta Fülöp 15 Charles Harb 16 Aneta Chybicka 17 Kassahun Habtamu Mekonnen 18 Mariana Martin 19 George Nizharadze Alin Gavreliuc 20 Johanna Buitendach 21 Aune Valk 22 Silvia H. Koller 23
Abstract : Several theories propose that self-esteem, or positive self-regard, results from fulfilling the value priorities of one’s surrounding culture. Yet, surprisingly little evidence exists for this assertion, and theories differ about whether individuals must personally endorse the value priorities involved. We compared the influence of four bases for self-evaluation (controlling one’s life, doing one’s duty, benefitting others, achieving social status) among 4,852 adolescents across 20 cultural samples, using an implicit, within-person measurement technique to avoid cultural response biases. Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses showed that participants generally derived feelings of self-esteem from all four bases, but especially from those that were most consistent with the value priorities of others in their cultural context. Multilevel analyses confirmed that the bases of positive self-regard are sustained collectively: They are predictably moderated by culturally normative values but show little systematic variation with personally endorsed values.
Mots-clés : Psychologie sociale
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, SAGE Publications, 2014, pp.657-675. 〈10.1177/0146167214522836 〉
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01376989
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Soumis le : jeudi 6 octobre 2016 - 10:07:25
Dernière modification le : vendredi 23 février 2018 - 10:24:01

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Maya Becker, Vivian Vignoles, Elinor Owe, Matthew Easterbrook, Rupert Brown, et al.. Cultural bases for self-evaluation: Seeing oneself positively in different cultural contexts. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, SAGE Publications, 2014, pp.657-675. 〈10.1177/0146167214522836 〉. 〈hal-01376989〉

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