Deciphering the aggregation mechanism of bacteria (Shewanella oneidensis MR1) in the presence of polyethyleneimine: Effects of the exopolymeric superstructure and polymer molecular weight

Abstract : Aggregation tests between bacteria and Polyethyleneimine (PEI) of low (600 g/mol) and high (750,000 g/mol) molecular weight were performed in order to address the physico-chemical mechanisms underlying the interactions between cationic polymer and bacterial membranes. The selected strain, Schewanella oneidensisiVIR-1, produces a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of various lengths depending on the growth conditions. Optical density, bioaggregate size, electrophoretic mobility measurements, TEM and AFM observations, and cell lysis tests (crystal violet release), were collected to describe the PEI-mediated aggregation of LPS-O-antigen-free and LPS-O-antigen-decorated bacteria. The results show that PEI of low molecular weight (600 g/mol) fails to aggregate bacteria, whereas PEIs of higher molecular weight (60,000 and 750,000 g/mol) lead to flocculation at low polymer concentrations. In addition, the LPS-0 antigen bacterial superstructure is shown to act as a protective barrier, thus delaying the harmful effects of the cationic polymer. Despite this protection, the interaction of bacterial membranes with increasing concentrations of PEI leads to a series of deleterious processes including biosurface modification (peeling, membrane permeabilization and/or lysis), aggregation of bacterial cells, and complexation of PEI with both released biosurface fragments and cytoplasmic residues issued from lysis.
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Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Elsevier, 2016, 139, pp.285 - 293. 〈http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927776515303635〉. 〈10.1016/j.colsurfb.2015.12.015〉
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01498610
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Soumis le : jeudi 30 mars 2017 - 11:57:18
Dernière modification le : jeudi 24 mai 2018 - 10:32:01

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Marie-Eve M. Krapf, Bruno Lartiges, Christophe Merlin, Grégory Francius, Jaafar Ghanbaja, et al.. Deciphering the aggregation mechanism of bacteria (Shewanella oneidensis MR1) in the presence of polyethyleneimine: Effects of the exopolymeric superstructure and polymer molecular weight. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Elsevier, 2016, 139, pp.285 - 293. 〈http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927776515303635〉. 〈10.1016/j.colsurfb.2015.12.015〉. 〈hal-01498610〉

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