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Polarization effects on spectra of spherical core/shell nanostructures: Perturbation theory against finite difference approach

Abstract : Poisson equation is solved analytically in the case of a point charge placed anywhere in a spherical core/shell nanostructure, immersed in aqueous or organic solution or embedded in semiconducting or insulating matrix. Conduction and valence band edge alignments between core and shell are described by finite height barriers. Influence of polarization charges induced at the surfaces where two adjacent materials meet is taken into account. Original expressions of electrostatic potential created everywhere in the space by a source point charge are derived. Expressions of self-polarization potential describing the interaction of a point charge with its Own image-charge are deduced. Contributions of double dielectric constant mismatch to electron and hole ground state energies as well as nanostructure effective gap are calculated via first order perturbation theory and also by finite difference approach. Dependencies of electron, hole and gap energies against core to shell radii ratio are determined in the case of ZnS/CdSe core/shell nanostructure immersed in water or in toluene It appears that finite difference approach is more efficient than first order perturbation method and that the effect of polarization charge may in no case be neglected as its contribution can reach a significant proportion of the value of nanostructure gap.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 3, 2017 - 11:40:28 AM
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Asmaa Ibral, Asmaa Zouitine, El Mahdi Assaid, Hicham El Achouby, El Mustapha Feddi, et al.. Polarization effects on spectra of spherical core/shell nanostructures: Perturbation theory against finite difference approach. Physica B: Condensed Matter, Elsevier, 2015, 458, pp.73-84. ⟨10.1016/j.physb.2014.11.009⟩. ⟨hal-01517443⟩

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