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Experimental and Theoretical Charge Density Analysis of a Bromoethyl Sulfonium Salt

Abstract : Bromoethyl sulfonium trifluoromethanesulfonate is a salt complex in which a sulfur atom makes three covalent bonds. This molecule has been proved to act as an efficient annulation reagent which results in formation of synthetically challenging and pharmaceutically important 4-, 5-, 6-, and 7-membered heterocycles in excellent yields. The charge density of the molecule was determined from both experimentally and theoretically derived diffraction data. The stereochemistry and electron density topology of the sulfonium group was analyzed. To understand the chemical reactivity of the molecule, the electrostatic potential difference between the two carbon atoms of the bromoethyl group was investigated. It has been considered that the hydrogen atoms on the carbon atom bound to sulfur are more acidic in character due to their vicinity with the triply covalently bonded positively charged sulfur atom. The electropositivity of the S-attached and Br-attached methylene groups are compared in the experimental and theoretical charge densities using topological atomic charges and electrostatic potential at the molecular surface.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 11, 2017 - 10:55:54 AM
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Maqsood Ahmed, Muhammad Yar, Ayoub Nassour, Benoit Guillot, Claude Lecomte, et al.. Experimental and Theoretical Charge Density Analysis of a Bromoethyl Sulfonium Salt. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, American Chemical Society, 2013, 117 (51), pp.14267-14275. ⟨10.1021/jp410301d⟩. ⟨hal-01520888⟩



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