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Journal Articles Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Year : 2016

Biotic homogenization can decrease landscape-scale forest multifunctionality

1 University of Bern
2 BIK-F - Senckenberg biodiversität und klima forschungszentrum
3 Faculty of Biology/Geobotany
4 Dept Forest & Water Management, Lab Forestry
5 Departamento de Ecología
6 UGENT - Universiteit Gent = Ghent University
7 Department of Forest and Water Management, Forest & Nature Lab
8 Department of Biology, Terrestrial Ecology Unit
9 BioGeCo - Biodiversité, Gènes & Communautés
10 Chair of Silviculture, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources
11 University of Freiburg [Freiburg]
12 EEF - Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières [devient SILVA en 2018]
13 USU - Universitatea Stefan cel Mare Suceava
14 DFG - Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft - German Research Foundation
15 Institute of Biology/Geobotany and Botanical Garden
16 Dept Agri Food Prod & Environm Sci
17 Lab Plant & Microbial Ecol, Inst Bot B22
18 Bretagne Vivante
19 CAM - University of Cambridge [UK]
20 UniFI - Università degli Studi di Firenze = University of Florence
21 MNCN - Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales [Madrid]
22 KU Leuven - Catholic University of Leuven = Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
23 LUKE - Natural Resources Institute Finland
24 Finnish Forest Research Institute
25 Forest Dynam
26 Earth and Environmental Sciences Division [Los Alamos]
27 CEFE - Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
28 UW - University of Warsaw
29 CRI (UMR_S_1149 / ERL_8252 / U1149) - Centre de recherche sur l'Inflammation
30 Service de Gastroentérologie [Hôpital Beaujon]
31 Forest Ecology and Conservation Group, Department of Plant Sciences
32 RHUL - Royal Holloway [University of London]
33 Division of Forest, Nature and Landscape
34 Institut für Spezielle Botanik und Funktionelle Biodiversität
35 UCPH - University of Copenhagen = Københavns Universitet
36 Department of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
37 CSIC - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas = Spanish National Research Council
38 Uniwersytet Warszawski
39 Chemistry, University of Hamburg
Pete Manning
  • Function : Author
Santiago Soliveres
  • Function : Author
Eric Allan
  • Function : Author
Kris Verheyen
Christian Wirth
  • Function : Author
Luc Barbaro
Olivier Bouriaud
Seid Muhie Dawud
  • Function : Author
Arthur Gessler
Virginie Guyot
  • Function : Author
Hervé Jactel
Bogdan Jaroszewicz
Sandra Mueller
  • Function : Author
Diem Nguyen
  • Function : Author


Many experiments have shown that local biodiversity loss impairs the ability of ecosystems to maintain multiple ecosystem functions at high levels (multifunctionality). In contrast, the role of biodiversity in driving ecosystem multifunctionality at landscape scales remains unresolved. We used a comprehensive pan-European dataset, including 16 ecosystem functions measured in 209 forest plots across six European countries, and performed simulations to investigate how local plot-scale richness of tree species (alpha-diversity) and their turnover between plots (beta-diversity) are related to landscape-scale multifunctionality. After accounting for variation in environmental conditions, we found that relationships between alpha-diversity and landscape-scale multifunctionality varied from positive to negative depending on the multifunctionality metric used. In contrast, when significant, relationships between beta-diversity and landscape-scale multifunctionality were always positive, because a high spatial turnover in species composition was closely related to a high spatial turnover in functions that were supported at high levels. Our findings have major implications for forest management and indicate that biotic homogenization can have previously unrecognized and negative consequences for large-scale ecosystem multifunctionality.

Dates and versions

hal-01557568 , version 1 (06-07-2017)



Fons van Der Plas, Pete Manning, Santiago Soliveres, Eric Allan, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, et al.. Biotic homogenization can decrease landscape-scale forest multifunctionality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2016, 113 (13), pp.3557 - 3562. ⟨10.1073/pnas.1517903113⟩. ⟨hal-01557568⟩
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