EROD activity induction in peripheral blood lymphocytes, liver and brain tissues of rats orally exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Abstract : Little is known in terms of multi-matrix cytochrome P450 activity induction under repeated oral exposure to planar halogenated and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PHH, PAH). In the present study, 60 rats were daily exposed, during 28 days, to oral ingestion of a mixture consisting of phenanthrene, pyrene and benzo(a)pyrene at 0, 6 or 600 mu g/day. EROD activity, reflecting almost exclusively CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 activities, was measured in brain and liver microsomes as well as in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs). All induction kinetics could be appropriately fitted using logistic-like models. After 28 days of exposure to a 6 mu g/day dose, EROD activity was found to be 91, 152 and 94-fold increased in lymphocytes, liver and brain, respectively, compared to day 0. Plateau activities could be appropriately fitted versus ingested doses using Hill or Michaelis-Menten models. Correlations between matrices made it possible to conclude that EROD activity in PBL should be considered as a sensitive, convenient and non-destructive approach for (i) evaluating EROD activity in liver, which was found to represent 98% of the observed EROD activities in the three tested matrices and (ii) evaluating oral exposure of homogeneous groups of farm animals (race, diet) to CYP inducing PAH and PHH.
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Food and Chemical Toxicology, Elsevier, 2013, 56, pp.371-380. 〈10.1016/j.fct.2013.02.043〉
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01561285
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Soumis le : mercredi 12 juillet 2017 - 15:51:07
Dernière modification le : lundi 19 mars 2018 - 15:08:42

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Abir Chahin, Julie Peiffer, Jean-Charles Olry, Guillemette Crepeaux, Henri Schroeder, et al.. EROD activity induction in peripheral blood lymphocytes, liver and brain tissues of rats orally exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Food and Chemical Toxicology, Elsevier, 2013, 56, pp.371-380. 〈10.1016/j.fct.2013.02.043〉. 〈hal-01561285〉

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