Chemical characterization of Lophira lanceolata and Carapa procera seed oils: Analysis of Fatty Acids, Sterols, Tocopherols and Tocotrienols

Abstract : The chemical profiles of two non conventional seed oils from Carapa procera (Cp) and Lophira lanceolata (Ll) have been characterized. Both oils contain ∼31% of saturated fatty acids, mainly palmitic acid. Cp oil is highly monounsaturated (58.08%) whereas Ll oil has a high content in polyunsaturated fatty acids (52.46%). Ll oil is rich in tocopherols (3.61 mg/100g) while the Cp oil exhibits higher tocotrienol contents (5.63 mg/100g). A higher total sterol content was found for Ll (100,13 ± 0,04 mg/g) than for Cp (29,43 ± 0,01 mg/100g). A high content of lanosterol was observed for Cp (28.03 % w/w). Both studied vegetable oils showed very different chemical profiles. Ll oil exhibited interesting potential nutritional value. The high contents in polyunsaturated essentials fatty acids, tocopherols and phystosterols, could properly respond to nutritional deficiencies. However, Cp oil may serve as cosmetic additive given to its content in tocotrienol and lanosterol.
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Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, International Science Community Association 2014, 4 (9), pp.57-62. 〈http://www.isca.in/rjcs/Archives/v4/i9/11.ISCA-RJCS-2014-144.php〉
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Guevara Nonviho, Cédric Paris, Lionel Muniglia, P. Sessou, D.C.P. Agbangnan, et al.. Chemical characterization of Lophira lanceolata and Carapa procera seed oils: Analysis of Fatty Acids, Sterols, Tocopherols and Tocotrienols. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, International Science Community Association 2014, 4 (9), pp.57-62. 〈http://www.isca.in/rjcs/Archives/v4/i9/11.ISCA-RJCS-2014-144.php〉. 〈hal-01592604〉

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