P. Tempau, Grille de cotation et exemples, Annexe, vol.6, p.148, 2000.

. Changement-de-comportement, Dans l'idéal, une évaluation de ces fonctions cognitives apparaîtrait souhaitable afin d'adapter les soins au profil de chaque patient, p.130

F. Eustache and B. Desgranges, Vers un modèle unifié de la mémoire, Cerveau et psycho, issue.28, pp.1-9, 2008.

H. Markowitsch, Autobiographical memory: a biocultural relais between subject and environment, European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, vol.4, issue.S5, pp.98-103, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-0348-8030-5_10

B. Croisile, Approche neurocognitive de la mémoire, Gérontologie et société, issue.130, pp.11-30, 2009.

A. Baddeley, Working memory: looking back and looking forward, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, vol.22, issue.10, pp.829-839, 2003.
DOI : 10.1037/h0082775

A. Baddeley, The episodic buffer: a new component of working memory?, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol.4, issue.11, pp.417-423, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S1364-6613(00)01538-2

E. Tulving, Episodic Memory: From Mind to Brain, Annual Review of Psychology, vol.53, issue.1, pp.9-23, 2004.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135114

P. Vidailhet and C. Cuervo-lombard, M??moire, m??moires : l???exploration de la m??moire autobiographique dans la schizophr??nie, L'Enc??phale, vol.33, issue.3, pp.365-368, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/S0013-7006(07)74582-7

E. Deslandre, G. Lefebvre, C. Girard, M. Lemarchand, and A. Mimouni, Les fonctions exécutives. NPG Neurologie -Psychiatrie -Gériatrie, pp.8-10, 2004.

O. Godefroy, M. Jeannerod, P. Allain, L. Gall, and D. , Lobe frontal, fonctions ex??cutives et controle cognitif, Revue Neurologique, vol.164, pp.119-127, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/S0035-3787(08)73302-2

P. Piolino, B. Desgranges, and F. Eustache, La mémoire autobiographique : theorie et pratique. Solal, 2003.

S. Korsakoff, Etude médico-psychologique sur une forme des maladies de la mémoire

T. Ribot, Les maladies de la mémoire

E. Tulving and W. Donaldson, Episodic and semantic distinction. Dans: Organization of Memory, pp.381-403

P. Piolino, A la recherche du self : th??orie et pratique de la m??moire autobiographique dans la maladie d???Alzheimer, L'Enc??phale, vol.34, issue.2, pp.77-88, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/S0013-7006(08)73285-8

E. Tulving, How many memory systems are there? American Psychologist, pp.385-398, 1985.

P. Martinelli and P. Piolino, Self-defining memories: last episodic memories bastion in normal aging, Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil, vol.7, issue.3, pp.151-167, 2009.

B. Levine, Autobiographical memory and the self in time: Brain lesion effects, functional neuroanatomy, and lifespan development, Brain and Cognition, vol.55, issue.1, pp.54-68, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0278-2626(03)00280-X

M. Conway and C. Pleydell-pearce, The construction of autobiographical memories in the self-memory system., Psychological Review, vol.107, issue.2, pp.261-288, 2000.
DOI : 10.1037/0033-295X.107.2.261

C. Cuervo-lombard, Exploration de la mémoire autobiographique dans la schizophrénie, 2006.

B. Lechevalier, F. Eustache, and F. Viader, Traité de neuropsychologie clinique, 2008.

T. Meulemans, B. Desgranges, S. Adam, F. Eustache, and C. , Evaluation et prise en charge des troubles mnésiques, 2003.

M. Conway, J. Singer, and A. Tagini, The Self and Autobiographical Memory: Correspondence and Coherence, Social Cognition, vol.22, issue.5, pp.491-529, 2004.
DOI : 10.1521/soco.22.5.491.50768

P. Piolino, Le vieillissement normal de la mémoire autobiographique, Psychologie & Neuropsychiatrie Du Vieillissement, vol.1, issue.1, pp.25-35, 2003.

L. Kvavilashvili, J. Mirani, S. Schlagman, J. Erskine, and D. Kornbrot, Effects of age on phenomenology and consistency of flashbulb memories of September 11 and a staged control event., Psychology and Aging, vol.25, issue.2, pp.391-404, 2010.
DOI : 10.1037/a0017532

C. Morise, Etude des troubles de la mémoire autobiographique dans la schizophrénie par l'analyse de l'enchaînement des souvenirs, 2009.

C. Lemogne, P. Piolino, and S. Friszer, Episodic autobiographical memory in depression: Specificity, autonoetic consciousness, and self-perspective, Consciousness and Cognition, vol.15, issue.2, pp.258-268, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.concog.2005.07.005

T. Christensen, J. Wood, and L. Barrett, Remembering Everyday Experience Through the Prism of Self-Esteem, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol.29, issue.1, pp.51-62, 2003.
DOI : 10.1037/0022-3514.67.4.713

D. Rubin and M. Schulkind, The distribution of autobiographical memories across the lifespan, Memory & Cognition, vol.21, issue.1, pp.859-866, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/0028-3932(83)90005-2

D. Rubin, T. Rahhal, and L. Poon, Things learned in early adulthood are remembered best, Memory & Cognition, vol.21, issue.2
DOI : 10.1016/0028-3932(83)90005-2

A. Holmes and M. Conway, Generation Identity and the Reminiscence Bump:Memory for Public and Private Events, Journal of Adult Development, vol.6, issue.1, pp.21-34, 1999.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1021620224085

R. Schrauf and D. Rubin, Effects of voluntary immigration on the distribution of autobiographical memory over the lifespan, Applied Cognitive Psychology, vol.8, issue.7, pp.75-88, 2001.
DOI : 10.1002/jts.2490080402

L. Picard, I. Reffuveille, F. Eustache, and P. Piolino, Development of autonoetic autobiographical memory in school-age children: Genuine age effect or development of basic cognitive abilities?, Consciousness and Cognition, vol.18, issue.4, pp.864-876, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.concog.2009.07.008

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00538468

H. Bahrick, Semantic memory content in permastore: Fifty years of memory for Spanish learned in school., Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, vol.113, issue.1, pp.1-29, 1984.
DOI : 10.1037/0096-3445.113.1.1

A. Holland and E. Kensinger, Emotion and autobiographical memory, Physics of Life Reviews, vol.7, issue.1, pp.88-131, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.plrev.2010.01.006

S. Jacques, P. Levine, and B. , Ageing and autobiographical memory for emotional and neutral events, Memory, vol.78, issue.2, pp.129-144, 2007.
DOI : 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1987.tb02267.x

W. Walker, R. Vogl, and C. Thompson, Autobiographical memory: unpleasantness fades faster than pleasantness over time, Applied Cognitive Psychology, vol.11, issue.5, pp.399-413, 1997.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1099-0720(199710)11:5<399::AID-ACP462>3.0.CO;2-E

C. Comblain, D. Argembeau, A. Van-der-linden, and M. , PHENOMENAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORIES FOR EMOTIONAL AND NEUTRAL EVENTS IN OLDER AND YOUNGER ADULTS, Experimental Aging Research, vol.21, issue.2, pp.173-189, 2005.
DOI : 10.1037/0033-2909.121.3.331

A. Sutin and R. Robins, When the ???I??? looks at the ???Me???: Autobiographical memory, visual perspective, and the self, Consciousness and Cognition, vol.17, issue.4, pp.1386-1397, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.concog.2008.09.001

G. Nigro and U. Neisser, Point of view in personal memories, Cognitive Psychology, vol.15, issue.4, pp.467-482, 1983.
DOI : 10.1016/0010-0285(83)90016-6

H. Mcisaac and E. Eich, Vantage Point in Traumatic Memory, Psychological Science, vol.172, issue.4, pp.248-253, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/0005-7967(80)90069-8

D. Argembeau, A. Van-der-linden, and M. , Remembering pride and shame: Self-enhancement and the phenomenology of autobiographical memory, Memory, vol.26, issue.5, pp.538-547, 2008.
DOI : 10.1080/741938210

M. Coles, C. Turk, R. Heimberg, and D. Fresco, Effects of varying levels of anxiety within social situations: relationship to memory perspective and attributions in social phobia, Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol.39, issue.6, pp.651-665, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0005-7967(00)00035-8

L. Kenny, R. Bryant, and D. Silove, Distant Memories, Psychological Science, vol.20, issue.9, pp.1049-1052, 2009.
DOI : 10.1080/09658219308258230

L. Libby and R. Eibach, Looking back in time: Self-concept change affects visual perspective in autobiographical memory., Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol.82, issue.2, pp.167-179, 2002.
DOI : 10.1037/0022-3514.82.2.167

H. Crovitz and H. Schiffman, Frequency of episodic memories as a function of their age, Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, vol.76, issue.1, pp.517-518, 1974.
DOI : 10.1037/h0025327

F. Eustache, P. Piolino, and B. Desgranges, The assessment of long-term memory and semantic knowledge], Rev. Neurol, vol.156, pp.8-9739, 2000.

B. Dritschel, J. Williams, A. Baddeley, and I. Nimmo-smith, Autobiographical fluency: A method for the study of personal memory, Memory & Cognition, vol.21, issue.2, pp.133-140, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0028-3932(83)90005-2

M. Kopelman, B. Wilson, and A. Baddeley, The autobiographical memory interview: A new assessment of autobiographical and personal semantic memory in amnesic patients, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, vol.21, issue.5, pp.724-744, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0028-3932(83)90005-2

G. Borrini, P. Dall-'ora, S. Sala, L. Marinelli, and H. Spinnler, Autobiographical memory. Sensitivity to age and education of a standardized enquiry*, Psychological Medicine, vol.23, issue.01, pp.215-224, 1989.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9780511558313.021

E. Svoboda, M. Mckinnon, and B. Levine, The functional neuroanatomy of autobiographical memory: A meta-analysis, Neuropsychologia, vol.44, issue.12, pp.2189-2208, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2006.05.023

R. Cabeza, S. Jacques, and P. , Functional neuroimaging of autobiographical memory, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol.11, issue.5, pp.219-227, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tics.2007.02.005

G. Northoff and F. Bermpohl, Cortical midline structures and the self, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol.8, issue.3, pp.102-107, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tics.2004.01.004

M. Bear, B. Connors, and M. Paradiso, Neurosciences : A la découverte du cerveau. 3 e éd. Editions Pradel, 2007.

B. Milner, S. Corkin, and H. Teuber, Further analysis of the hippocampal amnesic syndrome: 14-year follow-up study of H.M., Neuropsychologia, vol.6, issue.3, pp.215-234, 1968.
DOI : 10.1016/0028-3932(68)90021-3

L. Squire, C. Stark, and R. Clark, THE MEDIAL TEMPORAL LOBE, Annual Review of Neuroscience, vol.27, issue.1, pp.279-306, 2004.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.neuro.27.070203.144130

L. Squire and P. Alvarez, Retrograde amnesia and memory consolidation: a neurobiological perspective, Current Opinion in Neurobiology, vol.5, issue.2, pp.169-177, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0959-4388(95)80023-9

A. Viard, K. Lebreton, and G. Chételat, Patterns of hippocampal-neocortical interactions in the retrieval of episodic autobiographical memories across the entire life-span of aged adults, Hippocampus, vol.121, issue.1, pp.153-165, 2010.
DOI : 10.3758/BF03196886

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00538652

P. Piolino, B. Desgranges, and V. Hubert, Reliving lifelong episodic autobiographical memories via the hippocampus: A correlative resting PET study in healthy middle-aged subjects, Hippocampus, vol.22, issue.5, pp.445-459, 2008.
DOI : 10.1037/h0080017

S. Steinvorth, B. Levine, and S. Corkin, Medial temporal lobe structures are needed to re-experience remote autobiographical memories: evidence from H.M. and W.R., Neuropsychologia, vol.43, issue.4, pp.479-496, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2005.01.001

R. Hurlemann, M. Wagner, and B. Hawellek, Amygdala control of emotion-induced forgetting and remembering: Evidence from Urbach-Wiethe disease, Neuropsychologia, vol.45, issue.5, pp.877-884, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2006.08.027

K. Labar and R. Cabeza, Cognitive neuroscience of emotional memory, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, vol.54, issue.1, pp.54-64, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3223(01)01279-3

E. Robertson, From Creation to Consolidation: A Novel Framework for Memory Processing, PLoS Biology, vol.69, issue.1, p.1000019, 2009.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000019.g005

G. Buzsáki, The Hippocampo-Neocortical Dialogue, Cerebral Cortex, vol.6, issue.2, pp.81-92, 1996.
DOI : 10.1093/cercor/6.2.81

G. Rauchs, C. Harand, F. Bertran, B. Desgranges, and F. Eustache, ??tude des liens entre sommeil et m??moire ??pisodique chez le sujet jeune et ??g??, et dans la maladie d???Alzheimer, Revue Neurologique, vol.166, issue.11, pp.873-881, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neurol.2010.03.021

S. Gais and J. Born, Declarative memory consolidation: Mechanisms acting during human sleep, Learning & Memory, vol.11, issue.6, pp.679-685, 2004.
DOI : 10.1101/lm.80504

M. Schabus, G. Gruber, and S. Parapatics, Sleep Spindles and Their Significance for Declarative Memory Consolidation, Sleep, vol.27, issue.8, pp.1479-1485, 2004.
DOI : 10.1093/sleep/27.7.1479

W. Plihal and J. Born, Memory consolidation in human sleep depends on inhibition of glucocorticoid release, NeuroReport, vol.10, issue.13, pp.2741-2747, 1999.
DOI : 10.1097/00001756-199909090-00009

J. Payne and L. Nadel, Sleep, dreams, and memory consolidation: The role of the stress hormone cortisol, Learning & Memory, vol.11, issue.6, pp.671-678, 2004.
DOI : 10.1101/lm.77104

V. Sterpenich, G. Albouy, and A. Darsaud, Sleep Promotes the Neural Reorganization of Remote Emotional Memory, Journal of Neuroscience, vol.29, issue.16, pp.5143-5152, 2009.
DOI : 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0561-09.2009

U. Wagner, S. Gais, and J. Born, Emotional Memory Formation Is Enhanced across Sleep Intervals with High Amounts of Rapid Eye Movement Sleep, Learning & Memory, vol.8, issue.2, pp.112-119, 2001.
DOI : 10.1101/lm.36801

C. Duval, F. Eustache, and P. Piolino, Multidimensional Self, autobiographical memory and aging], Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil, vol.5, issue.3, pp.179-192, 2007.

P. Piolino, C. Coste, and P. Martinelli, Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory and aging: Do the executive and feature binding functions of working memory have a role?, Neuropsychologia, vol.48, issue.2, pp.429-440, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.09.035

C. Lemogne, P. Piolino, R. Jouvent, J. Allilaire, and P. Fossati, M??moire autobiographique ??pisodique et d??pression, L'Enc??phale, vol.32, issue.5, pp.781-788, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/S0013-7006(06)76231-5

C. Mcbride, Z. Segal, S. Kennedy, and M. Gemar, Changes in Autobiographical Memory Specificity following Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Pharmacotherapy for Major Depression, Psychopathology, vol.18, issue.3, pp.147-152, 2007.
DOI : 10.1001/archpsyc.55.9.816

J. Williams, T. Barnhofer, and C. Crane, Autobiographical memory specificity and emotional disorder., Psychological Bulletin, vol.133, issue.1, pp.122-148, 2007.
DOI : 10.1037/0033-2909.133.1.122

A. Heeren, N. Van-broeck, and P. Philippot, The effects of mindfulness on executive processes and autobiographical memory specificity, Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol.47, issue.5, pp.403-409, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.brat.2009.01.017

C. Lemogne, L. Bergouignan, and P. Fossati, M??moire ??motionnelle du soi, Annales M??dico-psychologiques, revue psychiatrique, vol.169, issue.2, pp.116-119, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.amp.2010.12.004

C. Lemogne, L. Bergouignan, and P. Piolino, Cognitive avoidance of intrusive memories and autobiographical memory: Specificity, autonoetic consciousness, and self-perspective, Memory, vol.6, issue.1
DOI : doi:10.1037/0033-2909.133.1.122

L. Bergouignan, C. Lemogne, and A. Foucher, Field perspective deficit for positive memories characterizes autobiographical memory in euthymic depressed patients, Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol.46, issue.3, pp.322-333, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.brat.2007.12.007

M. Riutort, C. Cuervo, J. Danion, C. Peretti, and P. Salamé, Reduced levels of specific autobiographical memories in schizophrenia, Psychiatry Research, vol.117, issue.1, pp.35-45, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0165-1781(02)00317-7

J. Danion, C. Cuervo, and P. Piolino, Conscious recollection in autobiographical memory: An investigation in schizophrenia, Consciousness and Cognition, vol.14, issue.3, pp.535-547, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.concog.2005.01.005

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00314809

C. Cuervo-lombard, N. Jovenin, and G. Hedelin, Autobiographical memory of adolescence and early adulthood events: An investigation in schizophrenia, Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, vol.12, issue.02, pp.335-343, 2007.
DOI : 10.1037/0021-843X.112.1.152

K. Sutherland and R. Bryant, Autobiographical memory and the self-memory system in posttraumatic stress disorder, Journal of Anxiety Disorders, vol.22, issue.3, pp.555-560, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.janxdis.2007.03.008

G. Lagarde, J. Doyon, and A. Brunet, Memory and executive dysfunctions associated with acute posttraumatic stress disorder, Psychiatry Research, vol.177, issue.1-2, pp.144-149, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.psychres.2009.02.002

A. Moradi, J. Herlihy, and G. Yasseri, Specificity of episodic and semantic aspects of autobiographical memory in relation to symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Acta Psychologica, vol.127, issue.3
DOI : 10.1016/j.actpsy.2007.11.001

M. Gandolphe and J. Nandrino, Strat??gies de surg??n??ralisation des souvenirs autobiographiques chez les consommateurs de cannabis et les polyconsommateurs de substances psychoactives, L'Enc??phale, vol.37, issue.2, pp.144-152, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.encep.2010.06.004

J. Hurstel, Etude de la mémoire autobiographique chez les consommateurs réguliers de cannabis, 2011.

. L. Anon, état de santé de la population en France, rapport Direction de la recherche, des études, de l'évaluation et des statistiques, 2008.

F. Beck, R. Guignard, J. Richard, M. Tovar, and S. Spika, Les niveaux d'usage de drogue en France en 2010. Baromètre santé 2010, Tendance, issue.76, 2011.

C. Palle and L. Vaissade, Premiers résultats nationaux de l'enquête RECAP. Observatoire français des drogues et des toxicomanies, 2007.

O. Cottencin, D??pressions s??v??res et addictions, L'Enc??phale, vol.35, issue.7, pp.264-268, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/S0013-7006(09)73483-9

S. Boenisch, A. Bramesfeld, and R. Mergl, The role of alcohol use disorder and alcohol consumption in suicide attempts???A secondary analysis of 1921??suicide attempts, European Psychiatry, vol.25, issue.7, pp.414-420, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2009.11.007

S. Richa, F. Kazour, and C. Baddoura, Comorbidit?? des troubles anxieux avec l???alcoolisme, Annales M??dico-psychologiques, revue psychiatrique, vol.166, issue.6
DOI : 10.1016/j.amp.2006.09.018

J. Seguí, M. Márquez, and J. Canet, Panic disorder in a Spanish sample of 89 patients with pure alcohol dependence, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol.63, issue.2, pp.117-121, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0376-8716(00)00178-2

A. Dervaux and X. Laqueille, Substances addictives, troubles du sommeil et somnolence, M??decine du Sommeil, vol.1, issue.2
DOI : 10.1016/S1769-4493(04)70173-9

D. Regier, M. Farmer, and D. Rae, Comorbidity of mental disorders with alcohol and other drug abuse. Results from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) Study, JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol.264, issue.19, pp.2511-2518, 1990.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.264.19.2511

R. Gammeter, comorbidités psychiatriques associées à la dépendance à l'alcool, Forum Med Suisse, issue.23, pp.562-566, 2002.

T. Wilens, Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and the substance use disorders: the nature of the relationship, subtypes at risk, and treatment issues, Psychiatric Clinics of North America, vol.27, issue.2, pp.283-301, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0193-953X(03)00113-8

. Collectif, effets sur la sante, Recherche Médicale (INSERM, 2001.

A. Pierucci-lagha and C. Derouesné, Alcoholism and aging. 2. Alcoholic dementia or alcoholic cognitive impairment, Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil, vol.1, issue.4, pp.237-249, 2003.

D. Urucu-milcent, troubles cognitifs associés à l'usage d'alcool, Alcoologie et Addictologie, vol.27, issue.3, pp.217-226, 2005.

D. Tedstone and K. Coyle, Cognitive impairments in sober alcoholics: performance on selective and divided attention tasks. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, pp.277-286, 2004.

H. Ihara, G. Berrios, and M. London, Group and case study of the dysexecutive syndrome in alcoholism without amnesia, Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, vol.68, issue.6, pp.731-737, 2000.
DOI : 10.1136/jnnp.68.6.731

F. Couvilliers, V. Quaglino, C. Lecercle, and G. Czternasty, Evaluation de la mémoire et des fonctions exécutives chez des alcooliques sevrés, Alcoologie et Addictologie, vol.27, issue.1, pp.13-19, 2005.

E. Augeraud, C. Puertolas, S. Debeugny, and I. Haritchabalet, Etude des fonctions exécutives de 15 alcoolodépendants, Alcoologie et Addictologie, vol.26, issue.4, pp.297-306, 2004.

X. Noël, M. Van-der-linden, and N. Schmidt, Supervisory Attentional System in Nonamnesic Alcoholic Men, Archives of General Psychiatry, vol.58, issue.12, pp.1152-1158, 2001.
DOI : 10.1001/archpsyc.58.12.1152

L. Berre, A. Pinon, K. Vabret, and F. , Study of Metamemory in Patients With Chronic Alcoholism Using a Feeling-of-Knowing Episodic Memory Task, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.28, issue.11, pp.1888-1898, 2010.
DOI : 10.1093/geronj/47.3.P159

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00538645

A. Pitel, H. Beaunieux, and T. Witkowski, Genuine Episodic Memory Deficits and Executive Dysfunctions in Alcoholic Subjects Early in Abstinence, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.12, issue.7, pp.1169-1178, 2007.
DOI : 10.1097/01.ALC.0000139814.81811.62

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00160876

S. Zinn, R. Stein, and H. Swartzwelder, Executive Functioning Early in Abstinence From Alcohol, Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, vol.8, issue.9, pp.1338-1346, 2004.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2000.tb02032.x

DOI : 10.1093/alcalc/36.6.556

S. Chanraud, A. Pitel, T. Rohlfing, A. Pfefferbaum, and E. Sullivan, Dual Tasking and Working Memory in Alcoholism: Relation to Frontocerebellar Circuitry, Neuropsychopharmacology, vol.43, issue.9, pp.1868-1878, 2010.
DOI : 10.1109/42.906424

A. Pitel, T. Witkowski, and F. Vabret, Effect of Episodic and Working Memory Impairments on Semantic and Cognitive Procedural Learning at Alcohol Treatment Entry, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.1, issue.2
DOI : 10.1097/01.ALC.0000139814.81811.62

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00142890

A. Pitel, H. Beaunieux, and T. Witkowski, Episodic and Working Memory Deficits in Alcoholic Korsakoff Patients: The Continuity Theory Revisited, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.34, issue.Pt 1A, pp.1229-1241, 2008.
DOI : 10.1093/alcalc/agh249

A. Pitel, Les troubles cognitifs dans l'alcoolisme chronique avec et sans syndrome de Korsakoff : analyse neuropsychologique et remédiation cognitive, 2007.

T. Duka, R. Weissenborn, and Z. Dienes, State-dependent effects of alcohol on recollective experience, familiarity and awareness of memories, Psychopharmacology, vol.153, issue.3, pp.295-306, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/s002130000564

J. Fitzgerald and S. Shifley-grove, Memory and Affect: Autobiographical Memory Distribution and Availability in Normal Adults and Recently Detoxifed Alcoholics, Journal of Adult Development, vol.6, issue.1, pp.11-19, 1999.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1021668107247

D. Argembeau, A. Van-der-linden, M. Verbanck, P. Noël, and X. , Autobiographical memory in non-amnesic alcohol-dependent patients, Psychological Medicine, vol.36, issue.12, pp.1707-1715, 2006.
DOI : 10.1017/S0033291706008798

C. Whiteley, S. Wanigaratne, J. Marshall, and H. Curran, Autobiographical Memory in Detoxified Dependent Drinkers, Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol.18, issue.3, pp.429-430, 2009.
DOI : 10.1037/0033-2909.133.1.122

A. Pfefferbaum, E. Sullivan, D. Mathalon, and K. Lim, Frontal Lobe Volume Loss Observed with Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Older Chronic Alcoholics, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.57, issue.3, pp.521-529, 1997.
DOI : 10.15288/jsa.1996.57.136

A. Pfefferbaum, K. Lim, and R. Zipursky, Brain Gray and White Matter Volume Loss Accelerates with Aging in Chronic Alcoholics: A Quantitative MRI Study, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.53, issue.6, pp.1078-1089, 1992.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00294379

V. Cardenas, C. Studholme, D. Meyerhoff, E. Song, and M. Weiner, Chronic active heavy drinking and family history of problem drinking modulate regional brain tissue volumes, Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, vol.138, issue.2, pp.115-130, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2005.01.002

J. Nicolás, R. Estruch, and M. Salamero, Brain impairment in well-nourished chronic alcoholics is related to ethanol intake, Annals of Neurology, vol.54, issue.2, pp.590-598, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/0013-4694(82)90205-X

J. Kril, G. Halliday, M. Svoboda, and H. Cartwright, The cerebral cortex is damaged in chronic alcoholics, Neuroscience, vol.79, issue.4, pp.983-998, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0306-4522(97)00083-3

M. Rosenbloom, E. Sullivan, and A. Pfefferbaum, Using magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging to assess brain damage in alcoholics, Alcohol Res Health, vol.27, issue.2, pp.146-152, 2003.

V. Cardenas, C. Studholme, S. Gazdzinski, T. Durazzo, and D. Meyerhoff, Deformation-based morphometry of brain changes in alcohol dependence and abstinence, NeuroImage, vol.34, issue.3, pp.879-887, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.10.015

H. Moselhy, G. Georgiou, and A. Kahn, FRONTAL LOBE CHANGES IN ALCOHOLISM: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE, Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol.36, issue.5, pp.357-368, 2001.
DOI : 10.1093/alcalc/36.5.357

A. Harding, G. Halliday, D. Caine, and J. Kril, Degeneration of anterior thalamic nuclei differentiates alcoholics with amnesia, Brain, vol.123, issue.1, pp.141-154, 2000.
DOI : 10.1093/brain/123.1.141

D. Bellis, M. Clark, D. Beers, and S. , Hippocampal Volume in Adolescent-Onset Alcohol Use Disorders, American Journal of Psychiatry, vol.157, issue.5, pp.737-744, 2000.
DOI : 10.1176/appi.ajp.157.5.737

E. Sullivan, L. Marsh, D. Mathalon, K. Lim, and A. Pfefferbaum, Anterior Hippocampal Volume Deficits in Nonamnesic, Aging Chronic Alcoholics, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.53, issue.1, pp.110-122, 1995.
DOI : 10.1002/cne.902250112

E. Sullivan, A. Deshmukh, E. Derosa, M. Rosenbloom, and A. Pfefferbaum, Striatal and forebrain nuclei volumes: Contribution to motor function and working memory deficits in alcoholism, Biological Psychiatry, vol.57, issue.7, pp.768-776, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.biopsych.2004.12.012

A. Pfefferbaum and E. Sullivan, Disruption of Brain White Matter Microstructure by Excessive Intracellular and Extracellular Fluid in Alcoholism: Evidence from Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Neuropsychopharmacology, vol.16, issue.Suppl 1, pp.423-432, 2004.
DOI : 10.1097/00004728-199207000-00024

S. Chanraud, C. Leroy, and C. Martelli, Episodic Memory in Detoxified Alcoholics: Contribution of Grey Matter Microstructure Alteration, PLoS ONE, vol.27, issue.8, p.6786, 2009.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0006786.t003

K. Adams, S. Gilman, and R. Koeppe, Neuropsychological Deficits Are Correlated with Frontal Hypometabolism in Positron Emission Tomography Studies of Older Alcoholic Patients, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.6, issue.2, pp.205-210, 1993.
DOI : 10.1001/archpsyc.1984.01790180080010

J. Nicolás, A. Catafau, and R. Estruch, Regional cerebral blood flow-SPECT in chronic alcoholism: relation to neuropsychological testing, J. Nucl. Med, vol.34, issue.9, pp.1452-1459, 1993.

M. Oscar-berman, B. Shagrin, D. Evert, and C. Epstein, Impairments of brain and behavior: the neurological effects of alcohol, Alcohol Health Res World, vol.21, issue.1, pp.65-75, 1997.

G. Freund and K. Anderson, Glutamate Receptors in the Frontal Cortex of Alcoholics, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.45, issue.7
DOI : 10.1016/0304-3940(93)90471-V

H. Ollat, La neurotoxicité de l'alcool, Neuropsychiatrie: Tendances et Débats, issue.24, pp.25-29, 2004.

G. Freund and W. Ballinger, Loss of Cholinergic Muscarinic Receptors in the Frontal Cortex of Alcohol Abusers. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, pp.630-638, 1988.

J. Rintala, P. Jaatinen, and S. Parkkila, EVIDENCE OF ACETALDEHYDE-PROTEIN ADDUCT FORMATION IN RAT BRAIN AFTER LIFELONG CONSUMPTION OF ETHANOL, Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol.35, issue.5, pp.458-463, 2000.
DOI : 10.1093/alcalc/35.5.458

K. Nixon, Alcohol and adult neurogenesis: Roles in neurodegeneration and recovery in chronic alcoholism, Hippocampus, vol.28, issue.3, pp.287-295, 2006.
DOI : 10.1001/archpsyc.1997.01830190015002

F. Crews and K. Nixon, Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration and Regeneration in Alcoholism, Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol.1034, issue.1-2, pp.115-127, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.brainres.2004.11.014

W. Deng, J. Aimone, and F. Gage, New neurons and new memories: how does adult hippocampal neurogenesis affect learning and memory?, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, vol.6, issue.5, pp.339-350, 2010.
DOI : 10.1152/physiol.00012.2004

A. Bartsch, G. Homola, and A. Biller, Manifestations of early brain recovery associated with abstinence from alcoholism, Brain, vol.130, issue.1, pp.36-47, 2007.
DOI : 10.1093/brain/awl303

A. Pitel, J. Rivier, and H. Beaunieux, Changes in the Episodic Memory and Executive Functions of Abstinent and Relapsed Alcoholics Over a 6-Month Period, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.28, issue.3, pp.490-498, 2009.
DOI : 10.3109/10826089009053172

S. Rourke and I. Grant, The interactive effects of age and length of abstinence on the recovery of neuropsychological functioning in chronic male alcoholics: A 2-year follow-up study, Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, vol.5, issue.03, pp.234-246, 1999.
DOI : 10.1017/S1355617799533067

G. Fein, J. Torres, L. Price, D. Sclafani, and V. , Cognitive Performance in Long-Term Abstinent Alcoholic Individuals, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.2, issue.9, pp.1538-1544, 2006.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2000.tb02032.x

C. Munro, J. Saxton, and M. Butters, The Neuropsychological Consequences of Abstinence Among Older Alcoholics: A Cross-Sectional Study, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.17, issue.10, pp.1510-1516, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0306-4603(96)00006-8

D. Johnson-greene, K. Adams, and S. Gilman, Effects of abstinence and relapse upon neuropsychological function and cerebral glucose metabolism in severe chronic alcoholism, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, vol.7, issue.3, pp.378-385, 1997.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1530-0277.1985.tb05530.x

S. Gazdzinski, T. Durazzo, A. Mon, P. Yeh, and D. Meyerhoff, Cerebral white matter recovery in abstinent alcoholics???a multimodality magnetic resonance study, Brain, vol.173, issue.4, pp.1043-1053, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2008.07.012

K. Nixon, D. Kim, E. Potts, J. He, and F. Crews, Distinct cell proliferation events during abstinence after alcohol dependence: Microglia proliferation precedes neurogenesis, Neurobiology of Disease, vol.31, issue.2
DOI : 10.1016/j.nbd.2008.04.009

H. Hildebrandt, B. Brokate, P. Eling, and M. Lanz, Response Shifting and Inhibition, but Not Working Memory, Are Impaired After Long-Term Heavy Alcohol Consumption., Neuropsychology, vol.18, issue.2, pp.203-211, 2004.
DOI : 10.1037/0894-4105.18.2.203

E. Seror, E. Chapelon, and M. Bué, Alcool et grossesse, Archives de P??diatrie, vol.16, issue.10, pp.1364-1373, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.arcped.2009.07.009

M. Laakso, O. Vaurio, and L. Savolainen, A volumetric MRI study of the hippocampus in type 1 and 2 alcoholism, Behavioural Brain Research, vol.109, issue.2, pp.177-186, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0166-4328(99)00172-2

D. Hommer, R. Momenan, E. Kaiser, and R. Rawlings, Evidence for a Gender-Related Effect of Alcoholism on Brain Volumes, American Journal of Psychiatry, vol.158, issue.2, pp.198-204, 2001.
DOI : 10.1176/appi.ajp.158.2.198

K. Mann, K. Ackermann, and B. Croissant, Neuroimaging of Gender Differences in Alcohol Dependence: Are Women More Vulnerable? Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, pp.896-901, 2005.

S. Bluck, N. Alea, T. Habermas, and D. Rubin, A TALE of Three Functions: The Self???Reported Uses of Autobiographical Memory, Social Cognition, vol.23, issue.1, pp.91-117, 2005.
DOI : 10.1521/soco.

N. Alea and S. Bluck, Why are you telling me that? A conceptual model of the social function of autobiographical memory, Memory, vol.8, issue.2, pp.165-178, 2003.
DOI : 10.1037/0882-7974.6.2.272

L. Goddard, B. Dritschel, and A. Burton, Role of autobiographical memory in social problem solving and depression., Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol.105, issue.4, pp.609-616, 1996.
DOI : 10.1037/0021-843X.105.4.609

M. Hautekeete, I. Cousin, and P. Graziani, Pensées dysfonctionnelles de l'alcoolo-dépendance: un test du modèle de Beck, Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive, vol.9, issue.4, p.108

Y. Lecrubier, D. Sheehan, and E. Weiller, The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). A short diagnostic structured interview: reliability and validity according to the CIDI, European Psychiatry, vol.12, issue.5, pp.224-231, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0924-9338(97)83296-8

L. Collet and J. Cottraux, The shortened Beck depression inventory (13 items) Study of the concurrent validity with the Hamilton scale and Widlöcher's retardation scale], Encephale, vol.12, issue.2, pp.77-79, 1986.

C. Spielberger, Inventaire d'Anxiété Etat-trait (Forme Y) Les Editions du Centre de Psychologie Appliquée, 1993.

E. Sobanski, Psychiatric comorbidity in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, vol.9, issue.S1, pp.26-31, 2006.
DOI : 10.1176/ajp.153.9.1147

R. Kessler, L. Adler, and M. Gruber, Validity of the World Health Organization Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener in a representative sample of health plan members, International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, vol.14, issue.2, pp.52-65, 2007.
DOI : 10.1001/archpsyc.1995.03950180020004

D. Blanco, C. Ramos-quiroga, J. Valero, and S. , Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-v1.1) symptom checklist in patients with substance use disorders, Actas Esp Psiquiatr, vol.37, issue.6, pp.299-305, 2009.

D. Gronwall, Paced Auditory Serial-Addition Task: A Measure of Recovery from Concussion, Perceptual and Motor Skills, vol.59, issue.2, pp.367-373, 1977.
DOI : 10.1080/00049536108256002

F. Reuter, K. Baumstarck-barrau, A. Loundou, J. Pelletier, and P. Auquier, Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test??: donn??es normatives dans une population fran??aise, Revue Neurologique, vol.166, issue.11, pp.944-947, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neurol.2010.01.018

R. Reitan, Validity of the Trail Making Test as an Indicator of Organic Brain Damage, Perceptual and Motor Skills, vol.8, issue.3, p.271, 1958.
DOI : 10.1037/h0044509

T. Tombaugh, Trail Making Test A and B: Normative data stratified by age and education, Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, vol.19, issue.2, pp.203-214, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0887-6177(03)00039-8

R. Stroop and J. , Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions, Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, issue.18, pp.643-662, 1935.

T. Durazzo, J. Rothlind, S. Gazdzinski, P. Banys, and D. Meyerhoff, A comparison of neurocognitive function in nonsmoking and chronically smoking short-term abstinent alcoholics, Alcohol, vol.39, issue.1, pp.1-11, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.alcohol.2006.06.006

T. Durazzo, S. Gazdzinski, and D. Meyerhoff, The neurobiological and neurocognitive consequences of chronic cigarette smoking in alcohol use disorders, Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol.42, issue.3, pp.174-185, 2007.
DOI : 10.1093/alcalc/agm020

E. Pernot-marino, J. Danion, and G. Hedelin, Relations between emotion and conscious recollection of true and false autobiographical memories: an investigation using lorazepam as a pharmacological tool, Psychopharmacology, vol.175, issue.1, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/s00213-004-1776-z

C. Huron, A. Giersch, and J. Danion, Lorazepam, sedation, and conscious recollection: a dose-response study with healthy volunteers, International Clinical Psychopharmacology, vol.17, issue.1, pp.19-26, 2002.
DOI : 10.1097/00004850-200201000-00003

S. Bluck, Autobiographical memory: Exploring its functions in everyday life, Memory, vol.48, issue.2, pp.113-123, 2003.
DOI : doi:10.1080/741938210