B. F. and L. S. Spilka-s, Drogues à l'adolescence. Niveaux et contextes d'usage de cannabis, alcool, tabac et autres drogues à 17-18 ans en France -ESCAPAD, p.251, 2003.

S. Groupe, Stupéfiants et accidents mortels de la circulation routière (projet SAM) Synthèse des principaux résultats. OFDT, Saint-Denis Stupéfiants et accidents mortels (projet SAM) : Analyse accidentologique des défaillances de conduite sous l'influence de l, pp.39-62, 2005.

. B. Laumon, Cannabis intoxication and fatal road crashes in France: population based case-control study, BMJ, vol.331, issue.7529, pp.1371-1375, 2005.
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.38648.617986.1F

L. Bachs and M. H. , Acute cardiovascular fatalities following cannabis use, Forensic Science International, vol.124, issue.2-3, pp.2-3, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0379-0738(01)00609-0

R. I. Herning, Marijuana Abusers Are at Increased Risk for Stroke, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol.21, issue.1, pp.413-415, 2001.
DOI : 10.1002/j.1552-4604.1981.tb02589.x

M. Fung and G. C. , Lung and aero-digestive cancers in young marijuana smokers, Tumori, vol.85, issue.2, pp.140-142, 1999.

A. J. Sasco, « A case-control study of lung cancer in Casablanca, Cancer Causes and Control, vol.13, issue.7, pp.609-616, 2002.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1019504210176

. N. Voirin, « Risk of lung cancer and past use of cannabis in Tunisia, Journal of Thoracic Oncology, vol.1, issue.37, pp.6-577, 2006.

D. P. Tashkin, Smoked Marijuana as a Cause of Lung Injury, Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, vol.63, issue.2, pp.93-100, 2005.
DOI : 10.4081/monaldi.2005.645

. J. Brodbeck, . Matter-m, and . Moggi-f, Association Between Cannabis Use and Sexual Risk Behavior Among Young Heterosexual Adults, AIDS and Behavior, vol.15, issue.1, pp.5-599, 2006.
DOI : 10.1177/109019818601300407

M. I. Fernandez, Predictors of HIV Risk Among Hispanic Farm Workers in South Florida: Women Are at Higher Risk Than Men, AIDS and Behavior, vol.8, issue.2, pp.2-165, 2004.
DOI : 10.1023/B:AIBE.0000030247.00140.62

S. T. Sprauve-n, « Self-reported anal sex practice and sexual risktaking after marijuana use among a sample of Georgia inmates, International Journal of STD and AIDS, vol.17, pp.7-463, 2006.

F. H. Pross-s and . W. Klein-t, Addictive drugs and their relationship with infectious diseases, FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology, vol.47, pp.330-342, 2006.

. S. Specter, « Drugs of abuse and infectious diseases, Journal of the Florida Medical Association, vol.81, issue.7, pp.485-487, 1994.

S. S. De, « Cervical human papillomavirus infection in the female population in Barcelona, Spain, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol.30, issue.56, pp.788-793, 2003.

. A. Liau, Associations Between Biologically Confirmed Marijuana Use and Laboratory-Confirmed Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among African American Adolescent Females, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol.29, issue.7, pp.7-387, 2002.
DOI : 10.1097/00007435-200207000-00004

R. H. Beigi, Vaginal Yeast Colonization in Nonpregnant Women: A Longitudinal Study, Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol.104, issue.5, Part 1, pp.926-930, 2004.
DOI : 10.1097/01.AOG.0000140687.51048.73

M. R. Darling, A. T. , and C. N. , Effect of cannabis use on oral candidal carriage, Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine, vol.34, issue.7, pp.7-319, 1990.
DOI : 10.1177/019459988609400420

DOI : 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a115713

F. M. Di, « The lack of association of marijuana and other recreational drugs with progression to AIDS in the San Francisco Men's Health Study, Annals of Epidemiology, vol.6, issue.62, pp.4-283, 1996.

W. J. Munckhof, « A cluster of tuberculosis associated with use of a marijuana water pipe, International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol.7, issue.63, pp.9-860, 2003.

. C. Hézode, 68 Daily cannabis smoking as a risk factor for fibrosis progression in chronic hepatitis C, Journal of Hepatology, vol.40, issue.65, pp.1-63, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/S0168-8278(04)90068-2

B. P. Guimaraes-r and . B. Borini-s, « Possible hepatotoxicity of chronic marijuana usage, São Paulo Medical Journal, vol.122, issue.3, pp.110-116, 2004.

P. P. Vescovi, Chronic effects of marihuana smoking on luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone and prolactin levels in human males, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol.30, issue.1, pp.1-59, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0376-8716(92)90036-C

R. I. Block and S. J. Farinpour-r, Effects of chronic marijuana use on testosterone, luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, prolactin and cortisol in men and women, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol.28, issue.2, pp.121-128, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0376-8716(91)90068-A

G. D. Braustein, « Pregnancy hormone concentrations in marijuana users, Life Sciences, vol.33, issue.70, pp.2-195, 1983.

V. L. Holt and D. L. Cushing-haugen-k, Risk of Functional Ovarian Cyst: Effects of Smoking and Marijuana Use according to Body Mass Index, American Journal of Epidemiology, vol.12, issue.2, pp.6-520, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/S1043-2760(00)00352-0

. A. Mueller-b, Recreational Drug Use and the Risk of Primary Infertility, Epidemiology, vol.1, issue.3, pp.3-195, 1990.
DOI : 10.1097/00001648-199005000-00003

L. B. Whan, Effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the primary psychoactive cannabinoid in marijuana, on human sperm function in vitro, Fertility and Sterility, vol.85, issue.3, pp.3-653, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2005.08.027

N. L. Day and . A. Richardson-g, « Prenatal marijuana use: epidemiology, methodologic issues, and infant outcome », Clinics in Perinatology, vol.18, issue.78, pp.1-77, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0892-0362(91)90079-c

D. M. Fergusson, . J. Horwood-l, and . Northstone-k, Maternal use of cannabis and pregnancy outcome, BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol.2, issue.1, pp.1-21, 2002.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1360-0443.1997.9211155315.x

P. H. Shiono, The impact of cocaine and marijuana use on low birth weight and preterm birth: A multicenter study, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.172, issue.1, pp.19-27, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-9378(95)90078-0

R. S. Greenland and . D. Honda-g, The effects of marijuana use during pregnancy. II. A study in a low-risk home-delivery population, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol.11, issue.3-4, pp.3-4, 1983.
DOI : 10.1016/0376-8716(83)90026-1

P. A. Fried, . Watkinson-b, and . Willan-a, Marijuana use during pregnancy and decreased length of gestation, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.150, issue.1, pp.1-23, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/S0002-9378(84)80103-9

G. T. Gibson, . A. Baghurst-p, and . P. Colley-d, Maternal Alcohol, Tobacco and Cannabis Consumption and the Outcome of Pregnancy, The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol.93, issue.1, pp.1-15, 1983.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1530-0277.1980.tb05628.x

. R. Hingson, Effects of Maternal Drinking and Marijuana Use on Fetal Growth and Development, Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, vol.38, issue.7, pp.539-546, 1982.
DOI : 10.1097/00006254-198307000-00006

E. K. Steinberger and F. C. Loffredo-c, Infants with single ventricle: A population-based epidemiological study, Teratology, vol.25, issue.3, pp.106-115, 2002.
DOI : 10.3109/10826089009067003

W. L. Correa-a and . Rasmussen-s, « Maternal lifestyle factors and risk for ventricular septal defects, Birth Defects Research. Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology, vol.70, pp.2-59, 2004.

C. P. Torfs, A population-based study of gastroschisis: Demographic, pregnancy, and lifestyle risk factors, Teratology, vol.76, issue.1, pp.1-44, 1994.
DOI : 10.1002/ajmg.1320280302

). P. Lam-kruglick, « Maternal and paternal recreational drug use and sudden infant death syndrome, Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol.155, issue.91, pp.7-765, 2001.

R. K. Scragg, Maternal cannabis use in the sudden death syndrome, Acta Paediatrica, vol.27, issue.Suppl 1, pp.1-57, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-3476(95)70155-9

P. A. Fried and J. D. Watkinson-b, Growth and pubertal milestones during adolescence in offspring prenatally exposed to cigarettes and marihuana, Neurotoxicology and Teratology, vol.23, issue.5, pp.5-431, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0892-0362(01)00161-1

E. M. Ostrea, . R. Ostrea-a, and . M. Simpson-p, Mortality Within the First 2??Years in Infants Exposed to Cocaine, Opiate, or Cannabinoid During Gestation, PEDIATRICS, vol.100, issue.1, pp.1-79, 1997.
DOI : 10.1542/peds.100.1.79

E. C. Bluhm, « Maternal use of recreational drugs and neuroblastoma in offspring: a report from the Children's Oncology Group (United States) », Cancer Causes and Control, pp.5-663, 2006.

R. R. Kuijten, « Gestational and familial risk factors for childhood astrocytoma: results of a case-control study, Cancer Research, vol.50, issue.97, pp.9-2608, 1990.

. S. Grufferman, « Parents' use of cocaine and marijuana and increased risk of rhabdomyosarcoma in their children, Cancer Causes and Control, vol.4, issue.3, pp.217-224, 1993.

A. P. and R. D. Valleur-m, Toxicomanies. 2 ème Edition, pp.117-120, 2005.

C. Palle, Les centres de soins, d'accompagnement et de prévention en addictologie, situation en 2010 et évolution entre, p.89, 2005.

G. R. and B. F. Obradovic-i, Prise en charge des addictions par les médecins généralistes Baromètre santé médecins généralistes, pp.177-201, 2009.

. Bello-p.-y, Les usagers fréquents de cannabis, éléments descriptifs, pp.89-91, 2005.

L. Nezet and O. , «Cannabis» dans Drogues et addictions, données essentielles. OFDT, Saint-Denis, pp.214-225, 2013.

C. J. Laffiteau-c, N. O. Le, and S. S. Et, Premiers résultats concernant l'évolution de l'opinion et la perception des Français sur les drogues, ) OFDT, « Perceptions et opinions des Français sur les drogues en 2013. Enquête EROPP », Tendances n°88, pp.6-107, 1999.

C. C. Zanotti-c and M. A. , Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the, survey, issue.10, 2009.

. C. Bernard, . P. Melihan-cheinin, and . N. Postel-vinay, Agir contre la hausse de consommation de cannabis, La Revue du praticien, vol.55, issue.112 1, pp.5-6, 2005.