I. Andrew, M. Chanen, and M. , Borderline Personality Disorder in Young People and the Prospects for Prevention and Early Intervention, Curr Psychiatry Rev, vol.4, issue.1, pp.48-57, 2008.

D. Belsky, A. Caspi, and L. Arseneault, Etiological features of borderline personality related characteristics in a birth cohort of 12-year-old children, Development and Psychopathology, vol.18, issue.01, pp.251-265, 2012.
DOI : 10.1186/1744-9081-6-4

H. Bondurant, B. Greenfield, and S. Tse, Construct validity of the adolescent borderline personality disorder: a review. Can Child Adolesc Psychiatry Rev Rev Can Psychiatr Enfant Adolesc, pp.53-57, 2004.

M. Brown, K. Comtois, and M. Linehan, Reasons for suicide attempts and nonsuicidal self-injury in women with borderline personality disorder., Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol.111, issue.1, pp.198-202, 2002.
DOI : 10.1037/0021-843X.111.1.198

J. Burke and S. Stepp, Adolescent Disruptive Behavior and Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms in Young Adult Men, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, vol.18, issue.9, pp.35-44, 2012.
DOI : 10.1037/1040-3590.18.4.439

A. Chanen and M. Kaess, Developmental Pathways to Borderline Personality Disorder, Current Psychiatry Reports, vol.164, issue.1, pp.45-53, 2012.
DOI : 10.1176/appi.ajp.164.6.859

A. Chanen and L. Mccutcheon, Summary, British Journal of Psychiatry, vol.202, issue.s54, pp.24-29, 2013.
DOI : 10.1192/bjp.bp.112.119180

D. Cicchetti and F. Rogosch, Equifinality and multifinality in developmental psychopathology, Development and Psychopathology, vol.8, issue.04, pp.597-600, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0273-2297(83)90010-2

C. Classen, C. Pain, N. Field, and P. Woods, Posttraumatic Personality Disorder: A Reformulation of Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder, Psychiatric Clinics of North America, vol.29, issue.1, pp.87-112, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.psc.2005.11.001

T. Crawford, P. Cohen, H. Chen, D. Anglin, and M. Ehrensaft, Early maternal separation and the trajectory of borderline personality disorder symptoms, Development and Psychopathology, vol.11, issue.03, pp.1013-1030, 2009.
DOI : 10.1080/10673220490447218

S. Crowell, T. Beauchaine, and M. Linehan, A biosocial developmental model of borderline personality: Elaborating and extending linehan???s theory., Psychological Bulletin, vol.135, issue.3, pp.495-510, 2009.
DOI : 10.1037/a0015616

E. Dubo, M. Zanarini, R. Lewis, and A. Williams, Childhood Antecedents of Self-Destructiveness in Borderline Personality Disorder, The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, vol.10, issue.1, pp.63-69, 1997.
DOI : 10.1001/archpsyc.1989.01810070013002

S. Fassino, F. Amianto, F. Gastaldi, G. Abbate-daga, F. Brambilla et al., Personality trait interactions in parents of patients with borderline personality disorder: A controlled study using the Temperament and Character Inventory, Psychiatry Research, vol.165, issue.1-2, pp.128-136, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.psychres.2007.10.010

L. Ferraz, M. Portella, and M. Vállez, Hostility and childhood sexual abuse as predictors of suicidal behaviour in Borderline Personality Disorder, Psychiatry Research, vol.210, issue.3, pp.980-985, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.psychres.2013.07.004

A. Fossati, L. Novella, D. Donati, M. Donini, and C. Maffei, History of childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and borderline personality disorder: A controlled study, Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol.43, issue.5
DOI : 10.1053/comp.2002.34634

F. Gazzillo, V. Lingiardi, and A. Peloso, Personality subtypes in adolescents with anorexia nervosa, Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol.54, issue.6, pp.702-712, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.03.006

D. Gill and W. Warburton, An Investigation of the Biosocial Model of Borderline Personality Disorder, Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol.1, issue.2, pp.866-873, 2014.
DOI : 10.1037/a0022469

A. Golomb, P. Ludolph, D. Westen, M. Block, P. Maurer et al., MATERNAL EMPATHY, FAMILY CHAOS, AND THE ETIOLOGY OF BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER, Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, vol.148, issue.2, pp.525-548, 1994.
DOI : 10.1176/ajp.148.5.648

B. Grant, S. Chou, and R. Goldstein, Prevalence, Correlates, Disability, and Comorbidity of DSM-IV Borderline Personality Disorder, The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol.69, issue.4, pp.533-545, 2008.
DOI : 10.4088/JCP.v69n0404

K. Gratz, M. Tull, and E. Reynolds, Extending extant models of the pathogenesis of borderline personality disorder to childhood borderline personality symptoms: The roles of affective dysfunction, disinhibition, and self- and emotion-regulation deficits, Development and Psychopathology, vol.77, issue.04, pp.1263-1291, 2009.
DOI : 10.1097/00004583-200108000-00018

J. Gunderson, Borderline Personality Disorder: Ontogeny of a Diagnosis, American Journal of Psychiatry, vol.166, issue.5, pp.530-539, 2009.
DOI : 10.1176/appi.ajp.2009.08121825

J. Guzder, J. Paris, P. Zelkowitz, and R. Feldman, Psychological Risk Factors for Borderline Pathology in School-Age Children, Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, vol.38, issue.2, pp.206-212, 1999.
DOI : 10.1097/00004583-199902000-00021

M. Hansenne and . Le-modèle-biosocial-de-la-personnalité-de-cloninger, Le mod??le biosocial de la personnalit?? de Cloninger, L'ann??e psychologique, vol.101, issue.1, pp.155-181, 2001.
DOI : 10.3406/psy.2001.29720

N. Hoertel, H. Peyre, M. Wall, F. Limosin, and C. Blanco, Examining sex differences in DSM-IV borderline personality disorder symptom expression using Item Response Theory (IRT), Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol.59, pp.213-219, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.08.019

N. Horesh, S. Ratner, N. Laor, and P. Toren, A Comparison of Life Events in Adolescents with Major Depression, Borderline Personality Disorder and Matched Controls: A Pilot Study, Psychopathology, vol.62, issue.5, pp.300-306, 2008.
DOI : 10.1176/ajp.155.12.1733

J. Johnson, P. Cohen, H. Chen, S. Kasen, and J. Brook, Parenting Behaviors Associated With Risk for Offspring Personality Disorder During Adulthood, Archives of General Psychiatry, vol.63, issue.5, pp.579-587, 2006.
DOI : 10.1001/archpsyc.63.5.579

P. Joyce, J. Mckenzie, and S. Luty, Temperament, childhood environment and psychopathology as risk factors for avoidant and borderline personality disorders, Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol.156, issue.6, pp.756-764, 2003.
DOI : 10.3109/00048679009077683

L. Leontieva and R. Gregory, Characteristics of Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder in a State Psychiatric Hospital, Journal of Personality Disorders, vol.27, issue.2, pp.222-232, 2013.
DOI : 10.1521/pedi.2013.27.2.222

G. Loas, A. Pham-scottez, L. Cailhol, F. Perez-diaz, M. Corcos et al., Axis II Comorbidity of Borderline Personality Disorder in Adolescents, Psychopathology, vol.46, issue.3, pp.172-175, 2013.
DOI : 10.1159/000339530

K. Lyons-ruth, J. Bureau, B. Holmes, A. Easterbrooks, and N. Brooks, Borderline symptoms and suicidality/self-injury in late adolescence: Prospectively observed relationship correlates in infancy and childhood, Psychiatry Research, vol.206, issue.2-3, pp.273-281, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.09.030

H. Macmillan, J. Fleming, and D. Streiner, Childhood Abuse and Lifetime Psychopathology in a Community Sample, American Journal of Psychiatry, vol.158, issue.11, pp.1878-1883, 2001.
DOI : 10.1176/appi.ajp.158.11.1878

E. Magallón-neri, E. González, and G. Canalda, Prevalence and Severity of Categorical and Dimensional Personality Disorders in Adolescents with Eating Disorders, European Eating Disorders Review, vol.160, issue.3, pp.176-184, 2014.
DOI : 10.1176/appi.ajp.160.5.952

J. Magnavita, Handbook of Personality Disorders: Theory and Practice, 2004.

M. Marino and M. Zanarini, Relationship between EDNOS and its subtypes and borderline personality disorder, International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol.154, issue.3, pp.349-353, 2001.
DOI : 10.1176/ajp.154.8.1101

A. Miller, J. Muehlenkamp, and C. Jacobson, Fact or fiction: Diagnosing borderline personality disorder in adolescents, Clinical Psychology Review, vol.28, issue.6, pp.969-981, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cpr.2008.02.004

J. Paris, Borderline Personality Disorder: A Psychosocial Epidemic (Chap X) American Psychiatric Pub, 1993.

J. Paris and E. Lis, Can sociocultural and historical mechanisms influence the development of borderline personality disorder? Transcult Psychiatry, pp.140-151, 2013.

J. Paris, J. Perlin, L. Laporte, M. Fitzpatrick, and J. Destefano, Exploring resilience and borderline personality disorder: A qualitative study of pairs of sisters, Personality and Mental Health, vol.169, issue.3, pp.199-208, 2014.
DOI : 10.1176/appi.ajp.2011.11101550

A. Philipsen, M. Limberger, and K. Lieb, Conclusions, British Journal of Psychiatry, vol.192, issue.02, pp.118-123, 2008.
DOI : 10.1192/bjp.bp.107.035782

C. Pietrek, T. Elbert, R. Weierstall, O. Müller, and B. Rockstroh, Childhood adversities in relation to psychiatric disorders, Psychiatry Research, vol.206, issue.1, pp.103-110, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.11.003

D. Reas, Ø. Rø, S. Karterud, B. Hummelen, and G. Pedersen, Eating disorders in a large clinical sample of men and women with personality disorders, International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol.63, issue.8, pp.801-809, 2013.
DOI : 10.1176/appi.ps.201100050

C. Robins, Zen principles and mindfulness practice in dialectical behavior therapy, Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, vol.9, issue.1, pp.50-57, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S1077-7229(02)80040-2

N. Rüsch, M. Weber, and K. Il-'yasov, Inferior frontal white matter microstructure and patterns of psychopathology in women with borderline personality disorder and comorbid attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, NeuroImage, vol.35, issue.2, pp.738-747, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.12.007

C. Salmivalli and J. Isaacs, Prospective Relations Among Victimization, Rejection, Friendlessness, and Children's Self- and Peer-Perceptions, Child Development, vol.33, issue.6, pp.1161-1171, 2005.
DOI : 10.1515/9781400876136

R. Sansone and L. Sansone, Childhood Trauma, Borderline Personality, and Eating Disorders: A Developmental Cascade???, Eating Disorders, vol.56, issue.4, pp.333-346, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/S0010-440X(99)90123-2

C. Schmahl and J. Bremner, Neuroimaging in borderline personality disorder, Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol.40, issue.5, pp.419-427, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2005.08.011

A. Silberschmidt, S. Lee, M. Zanarini, and S. Schulz, Gender Differences in Borderline Personality Disorder: Results From a Multinational, Clinical Trial Sample, Journal of Personality Disorders, vol.29, issue.6, pp.1-11, 2015.
DOI : 10.1521/pedi_2014_28_175

A. Skodol, J. Gunderson, B. Pfohl, T. Widiger, W. Livesley et al., The borderline diagnosis I: psychopathology, comorbidity, and personaltity structure, Biological Psychiatry, vol.51, issue.12, pp.936-950, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3223(02)01324-0

S. Stepp, J. Burke, A. Hipwell, and R. Loeber, Trajectories of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms as Precursors of Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms in Adolescent Girls, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, vol.20, issue.10, pp.7-20, 2012.
DOI : 10.1521/pedi.2006.20.1.9

M. Teicher, J. Samson, Y. Sheu, A. Polcari, and C. Mcgreenery, Hurtful Words: Association of Exposure to Peer Verbal Abuse With Elevated Psychiatric Symptom Scores and Corpus Callosum Abnormalities, American Journal of Psychiatry, vol.167, issue.12, pp.1464-1471, 2010.
DOI : 10.1176/appi.ajp.2010.10010030

R. Tomko, T. Trull, P. Wood, and K. Sher, Characteristics of Borderline Personality Disorder in a Community Sample: Comorbidity, Treatment Utilization, and General Functioning, Journal of Personality Disorders, vol.28, issue.5, pp.734-750, 2014.
DOI : 10.1521/pedi_2012_26_093

G. Vaillant, The beginning of wisdom is never calling a patient a borderline; or, the clinical management of immature defenses in the treatment of individuals with personality disorders, J Psychother Pract Res, vol.1, issue.2, pp.117-134, 1992.

S. Watson, R. Chilton, H. Fairchild, and P. Whewell, Association between Childhood Trauma and Dissociation Among Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder, Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol.156, issue.5, pp.478-481, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.01.011

P. Wender, L. Wolf, and J. Wasserstein, Adults with ADHD, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol.931, issue.suppl. 7, pp.1-16, 2001.
DOI : 10.1001/archpsyc.1995.03950180020004

D. Westen, J. Shedler, C. Durrett, S. Glass, and A. Martens, Personality Diagnoses in Adolescence: DSM-IV Axis II Diagnoses and an Empirically Derived Alternative, American Journal of Psychiatry, vol.160, issue.5, pp.952-966, 2003.
DOI : 10.1176/appi.ajp.160.5.952

D. Whalen, L. Scott, and K. Jakubowski, Affective behavior during mother???daughter conflict and borderline personality disorder severity across adolescence., Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, vol.5, issue.1, pp.88-96, 2014.
DOI : 10.1037/per0000059

URL : http://europepmc.org/articles/pmc4039394?pdf=render

G. Winograd, P. Cohen, and H. Chen, Adolescent borderline symptoms in the community: prognosis for functioning over 20???years, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol.13, issue.9, pp.933-941, 2008.
DOI : 10.1176/ajp.148.11.1541

D. Wolke, A. Schreier, M. Zanarini, and C. Winsper, Bullied by peers in childhood and borderline personality symptoms at 11???years of age: A prospective study, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol.25, issue.8, pp.846-855, 2012.
DOI : 10.1521/pedi.2011.25.5.607

M. Zanarini, CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES ASSOCIATED WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER, Psychiatric Clinics of North America, vol.23, issue.1, pp.89-101, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0193-953X(05)70145-3

M. Zanarini, F. Frankenburg, J. Hennen, D. Reich, and K. Silk, The McLean Study of Adult Development (MSAD): Overview and Implications of the First Six Years of Prospective Follow-Up, Journal of Personality Disorders, vol.19, issue.5, pp.505-523, 2005.
DOI : 10.1521/pedi.2005.19.5.505

DOI : 10.1097/00005053-200206000-00006

P. Zelkowitz, J. Paris, J. Guzder, and R. Feldman, Diatheses and Stressors in Borderline Pathology of Childhood: The Role of Neuropsychological Risk and Trauma, Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, vol.40, issue.1, pp.100-105, 2001.
DOI : 10.1097/00004583-200101000-00022

M. Zimmerman, W. Ellison, T. Morgan, D. Young, I. Chelminski et al., Conclusions, British Journal of Psychiatry, vol.207, issue.04, pp.334-342, 2015.
DOI : 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.153569