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Master thesis

Emergence de la médecine en Mésopotamie

Abstract : Humanity has always looked for means to cure or at least to treat diseases. Mesopotamian people used to write to gather their medical knowledge. So they could transmit and improve it from generation to generation. From the third millennium B.C., cuneiform tablets testified to the coexistence of different medical practisings operating at the same time : exercises were magic, religious and empiric as well. Indeed, at that time, despite the importance of magic and religiow beliefs, and although diseases were considered to be a divine punishment, physicians could propose natural ongins for the vanous pathologies. They had a clinic observation and examination of patients in order to introduce a diagnosis and prognosis. Their therapy was composed of numerous remedies based on natural products. And when it was necessary, they did not hesitate to resort to surgical operations. Quarantine lines were e.sbblished to ward off many epidemics that were rampant in this area ; actually the idea of second-hand infection was detected fiom the second millemium B.C. Empiric and pragmatic Mesopotamian medicine was already constituted by a few caracteristics that compose it today. Like its Egyptian counterpart, it has paved the way for the great Hippocrates' reformation.
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Master thesis
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01732845
Contributor : Colette Orange <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 14, 2018 - 3:21:35 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 1, 2020 - 3:37:46 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 4, 2018 - 7:00:51 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01732845, version 1

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Audrey Heckel. Emergence de la médecine en Mésopotamie. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2003. ⟨hal-01732845⟩

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