.. Analyse-statistique, Critères de jugement principal et secondaire, p.69

B. Goodman, Channels active in the excitability of nerves and skeletal muscles across the neuromuscular junction: basic function and pathophysiology, Advances in Physiology Education, vol.32, issue.2, pp.127-162, 2008.
DOI : 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.001.0001

C. Meistelman, Physiologie de la transmission neuromusculaire. Dallens, 2004.

J. Andrews, N. Kumar, R. Van-den-brom, K. Olkkola, G. Roest et al., A large simple randomized trial of rocuronium versus succinylcholine in rapid-sequence induction of anaesthesia along with propofol, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol.43, issue.1, pp.4-8, 1999.
DOI : 10.1034/j.1399-6576.1999.430102.x

R. Cooper, R. Mirakhur, R. Clarke, and Z. Boules, COMPARISON OF INTUBATING CONDITIONS AFTER ADMINISTRATION OF ORG 9426 (ROCURONIUM) AND SUXAMETHONIUM, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.69, issue.3, pp.269-73, 1992.
DOI : 10.1093/bja/69.3.269

W. Paton and D. Waud, The margin of safety of neuromuscular transmission, The Journal of Physiology, vol.191, issue.1, pp.59-90, 1967.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.1967.sp008237

W. Bowman, C. Prior, and I. Marshall, Presynaptic Receptors in the Neuromuscular Junction, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol.66, issue.1 Presynaptic R, pp.69-81, 1990.
DOI : 10.1139/y88-036

A. Devcic, C. Munshi, S. Gandhi, and J. Kampine, Antagonism of mivacurium neuromuscular block : neostigmine versus edrophonium, Anesth Analg, 1995.

T. Mencke, M. Echternach, S. Kleinschmidt, P. Lux, V. Barth et al., Laryngeal Morbidity and Quality of Tracheal Intubation, Anesthesiology, vol.98, issue.5, pp.1049-56, 2003.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-200305000-00005

F. Donati, C. Meistelman, and B. Plaud, Vecuronium Neuromuscular Blockade at the Diaphragm, the Orbicularis Oculi, and Adductor Pollicis Muscles, Anesthesiology, vol.73, issue.5, pp.870-875, 1990.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-199011000-00013

F. Donati, C. Meistelman, and B. Plaud, Vecuronium Neuromuscular Blockade at the Adductor Muscles of the Larynx and Adductor Pollicis, Anesthesiology, vol.74, issue.5, 1991.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-199105000-00006

C. Meistelman, B. Plaud, and F. Donati, Rocuronium (ORG 9426) neuromuscular blockade at the adductor muscles of the larynx and adductor pollicis in humans, Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.174, issue.7, pp.665-674, 1992.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1991.tb12267.x

K. Kirov, C. Motamed, X. Combes, P. Duvaldestin, and G. Dhonneur, Sensitivity to atracurium in the lateral abdominal muscles], Ann Fr Anesth Reanim, 2000.

E. Sundman, H. Witt, R. Olsson, O. Ekberg, R. Kuylenstierna et al., The Incidence and Mechanisms of Pharyngeal and Upper Esophageal Dysfunction in Partially Paralyzed Humans, Anesthesiology, vol.92, issue.4, pp.977-84, 2000.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-200004000-00014

R. Katz, Neuromuscular Effects of d-Tubocurarine, Edrophonium and Neostigmine in Man, Anesthesiology, vol.28, issue.2, pp.327-363, 1967.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-196703000-00008

L. Vanlinthout, L. Booij, J. Van-egmond, and E. Robertson, Effect of isoflurane and sevoflurane on the magnitude and time course of neuromuscular block produced by vecuronium, pancuronium and atracurium, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.76, issue.3, pp.389-95, 1996.
DOI : 10.1093/bja/76.3.389

B. Plaud, B. Debaene, and F. Donati, The Corrugator Supercilii, Not the Orbicularis Oculi, Reflects Rocuronium Neuromuscular Blockade at the Laryngeal Adductor Muscles, Anesthesiology, vol.95, issue.1
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-200107000-00019

B. Jørgensen, Tactile and visual evaluation of the response to train-of-four nerve stimulation, Anesthesiology, vol.63, issue.4, pp.440-443, 1985.

S. Brull, Indicators of Recovery of Neuromuscular Function, Anesthesiology, vol.86, issue.4, pp.755-762, 1997.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-199704000-00001

J. Viby-mogensen, P. Howardy-hansen, B. Chraemmer-jørgensen, H. Ording, J. Engbaek et al., Posttetanic Count (PTC), Anesthesiology, vol.55, issue.4, pp.458-61, 1981.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-198110000-00024

J. Engbaek, D. Ostergaard, and J. Viby-mogensen, DOUBLE BURST STIMULATION (DBS): A NEW PATTERN OF NERVE STIMULATION TO IDENTIFY RESIDUAL NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCK, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.62, issue.3, pp.274-282, 1989.
DOI : 10.1093/bja/62.3.274

N. Drenck, N. Ueda, N. Olsen, J. Engbaek, E. Jensen et al., Manual Evaluation of Residual Curarization Using Double Burst Stimulation, Anesthesiology, vol.70, issue.4, pp.578-81, 1989.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-198904000-00003

T. Torda, Monitoring neuromuscular transmission. Anaesth Intensive Care, 2002.

J. Viby-mogensen, D. Ostergaard, F. Donati, D. Fisher, J. Hunter et al., Pharmacokinetic studies of neuromuscular blocking agents: Good Clinical Research Practice (GCRP), Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol.76, issue.Suppl 11, pp.1169-90, 2000.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-199203000-00001

J. Engbaek, D. Ostergaard, J. Viby-mogensen, and L. Skovgaard, Clinical Recovery and Train-of-Four Ratio Measured Mechanically and Electromyographically Following Atracurium, Anesthesiology, vol.71, issue.3, pp.391-396, 1989.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-198909000-00014

A. Kopman, The Relationship of Evoked Electromyographic and Mechanical Responses following Atracurium in Humans, Anesthesiology, vol.63, issue.2, pp.208-219, 1985.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-198508000-00020

S. Weber and S. Muravchick, Electrical and Mechanical Train-of-Four Responses during Depolarizing and Nondepolarizing Neuromuscular Blockade, Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol.65, issue.7, 1986.
DOI : 10.1213/00000539-198607000-00012

J. Viby-mogensen, E. Jensen, M. Werner, and H. Nielsen, Measurement of acceleration: a new method of monitoring neuromuscular function, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol.65, issue.1, pp.45-53, 1988.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1399-6576.1988.tb02686.x

S. Molliex, J. Berset, V. Billard, E. Bunouf, S. Delort-laval et al., Airway management in adult anesthesia except with the exception of difficult intubation. Recommendations of the jury, Ann Fr Anesth Reanim, 2000.

B. Debaene, C. Meistelman, M. Beaussier, and A. Lienhart, Visual estimation of train-offour responses at the orbicularis oculi and posttetanic count at the adductor pollicis during intense neuromuscular block, Anesth Analg, vol.78, issue.4, pp.697-700, 1994.

B. Plaud, B. Debaene, F. Lequeau, C. Meistelman, and F. Donati, Mivacurium neuromuscular block at the adductor muscles of the larynx and adductor pollicis in humans

H. Berg, J. Roed, J. Viby-mogensen, C. Mortensen, J. Engbaek et al., Residual neuromuscular block is a risk factor for postoperative pulmonary complications A prospective, randomised, and blinded study of postoperative pulmonary complications after atracurium, vecuronium and pancuronium, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol.8, issue.9, pp.1095-1103, 1997.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1399-6576.1997.tb04851.x

M. Arbous, A. Meursing, J. Van-kleef, J. De-lange, H. Spoormans et al., Impact of Anesthesia Management Characteristics on Severe Morbidity and Mortality, Anesthesiology, vol.102, issue.2, pp.257-68, 2005.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-200502000-00005

S. Cdc, Indications de la curarisation en anesthésie. Annales françaises d'anesthésie réanimation, pp.34-41, 2000.

E. Pavlin, R. Holle, and R. Schoene, Recovery of Airway Protection Compared with Ventilation in Humans after Paralysis with Curare, Anesthesiology, vol.70, issue.3, 1989.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-198903000-00002

L. Eriksson, M. Sato, and J. Severinghaus, Effect of a Vecuronium-induced Partial Neuromuscular Block on Hypoxic Ventilatory Response, ANESTHESIOLOGY, vol.78, issue.4, 1993.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-199304000-00012

L. Eriksson, E. Sundman, R. Olsson, L. Nilsson, H. Witt et al., Functional Assessment of the Pharynx at Rest and during Swallowing in Partially Paralyzed Humans, Anesthesiology, vol.87, issue.5, pp.1035-1078, 1997.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-199711000-00005

J. Viby-mogensen, B. Jørgensen, and H. Ording, Residual Curarization in the Recovery Room, Anesthesiology, vol.50, issue.6, pp.539-580, 1979.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-197906000-00014

C. Baillard, G. Gehan, J. Reboul-marty, P. Larmignat, C. Samama et al., Residual curarization in the recovery room after vecuronium, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.84, issue.3, 2000.
DOI : 10.1093/oxfordjournals.bja.a013445

B. Debaene, B. Plaud, M. Dilly, and F. Donati, Residual Paralysis in the PACU after a Single Intubating Dose of Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxant with an Intermediate Duration of Action, Anesthesiology, vol.98, issue.5, pp.1042-1050, 2003.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-200305000-00004

P. Duvaldestin, P. Cunin, B. Plaud, and M. P. , [French survey of neuromuscular relaxant use in anaesthetic practice in adults]. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim, 2008.

L. Eriksson, C. Lennmarken, N. Wyon, and A. Johnson, Attenuated ventilatory response to hypoxaemia at vecuronium-induced partial neuromuscular block, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol.54, issue.7, pp.710-715, 1992.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.1967.sp008237

G. Murphy, J. Szokol, J. Marymont, S. Greenberg, M. Avram et al., Residual Neuromuscular Blockade and Critical Respiratory Events in the Postanesthesia Care Unit, Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol.107, issue.1, pp.130-137, 2008.
DOI : 10.1213/ane.0b013e31816d1268

C. Baillard, C. Clec-'h, J. Catineau, F. Salhi, G. Gehan et al., Postoperative residual neuromuscular block: a survey of management, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.95, issue.5, 2005.
DOI : 10.1093/bja/aei240

J. Fiekers, Concentration-dependent effects of neostigmine on the endplate acetylcholine receptor channel complex, J Neurosci. Feb, vol.5, issue.2, pp.502-516, 1985.

H. Kirkegaard, T. Heier, and J. Caldwell, Efficacy of Tactile-guided Reversal from Cisatracurium-induced Neuromuscular Block, Anesthesiology, vol.96, issue.1, pp.45-50, 2002.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-200201000-00013

H. Kirkegaard-nielsen, H. Helbo-hansen, P. Lindholm, I. Severinsen, H. Pedersen et al., Optimum time for neostigmine reversal of atracurium-induced neuromuscular blockade, Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.56, issue.9, pp.932-940, 1996.
DOI : 10.1213/00000539-197701000-00014

D. Bevan, F. Donati, and A. Kopman, Reversal of Neuromuscular Blockade, Anesthesiology, vol.77, issue.4, pp.785-805, 1992.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-199210000-00025

M. Baurain, B. Dernovoi, D. Hollander, A. Hennart, D. Cantraine et al., Conditions to optimise the reversal action of neostigmine upon a vecuronium-induced neuromuscular block, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol.46, issue.5, pp.574-582, 1996.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1972.tb08147.x

A. Kopman, L. Zank, J. Ng, and G. Neuman, Antagonism of Cisatracurium and Rocuronium Block at a Tactile Train-of-Four Count of 2: Should Quantitative Assessment of Neuromuscular Function Be Mandatory?, Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol.98, issue.1, pp.102-108, 2004.
DOI : 10.1213/01.ANE.0000094985.19305.E9

C. Lee, J. Jahr, K. Candiotti, B. Warriner, M. Zornow et al., Reversal of Profound Neuromuscular Block by Sugammadex Administered Three Minutes after Rocuronium, Anesthesiology, vol.110, issue.5, pp.1020-1025, 2009.
DOI : 10.1097/ALN.0b013e31819dabb0

I. Sorgenfrei, K. Norrild, P. Larsen, J. Stensballe, D. Ostergaard et al., Reversal of Rocuronium-induced Neuromuscular Block by the Selective Relaxant Binding Agent Sugammadex, Anesthesiology, vol.104, issue.4, 2006.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-200604000-00009

F. Pühringer, M. Gordon, I. Demeyer, H. Sparr, J. Ingimarsson et al., Sugammadex rapidly reverses moderate rocuronium- or vecuronium-induced neuromuscular block during sevoflurane anaesthesia: a dose???response relationship, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.105, issue.5, pp.610-619, 2010.
DOI : 10.1093/bja/aeq226

O. Epemolu, A. Bom, F. Hope, and R. Mason, Reversal of Neuromuscular Blockade and Simultaneous Increase in Plasma Rocuronium Concentration after the Intravenous Infusion of the Novel Reversal Agent Org 25969, Anesthesiology, vol.99, issue.3, pp.632-639, 2003.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-200309000-00018

A. Basdevant, M. Laville, and O. Ziegler, Practice guideline for the diagnosis, prevention, treatment of obesity in France Groupe de Travail charge de la mise au point des "Recommandations pour le diagnostic, la prévention et le traitement des Obésités en France, Diabetes Metab, vol.24, issue.2, pp.10-42, 1998.

A. Fontbonne, N. Thibult, E. Eschwège, and P. Ducimetière, Body fat distribution and coronary heart disease mortality in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes mellitus: the Paris Prospective Study, 15-year follow-up, Diabetologia, vol.31, issue.5, pp.464-472, 1992.
DOI : 10.1161/01.ATV.10.4.497

. Obépi-roche, Enquête épidémiologique nationale sur le surpoids et l'obésité, 2009.

D. Gugliotti, P. Grant, W. Jaber, L. Aboussouan, C. Bae et al., Challenges in cardiac risk assessment in bariatric surgery patients. Obes Surg, 2008.

R. Kaw, L. Aboussouan, D. Auckley, C. Bae, D. Gugliotti et al., Challenges in Pulmonary Risk Assessment and Perioperative Management in Bariatric Surgery Patients, Obesity Surgery, vol.111, issue.3, pp.134-142, 2008.
DOI : 10.1164/ajrccm.155.1.9001312

F. Messerli, K. Sundgaard-riise, E. Reisin, G. Dreslinski, H. Ventura et al., Dimorphic Cardiac Adaptation to Obesity and Arterial Hypertension, Annals of Internal Medicine, vol.99, issue.6, pp.757-61, 1983.
DOI : 10.7326/0003-4819-99-6-757

S. Kenchaiah, J. Evans, D. Levy, P. Wilson, E. Benjamin et al., Obesity and the Risk of Heart Failure, New England Journal of Medicine, vol.347, issue.5, pp.305-318, 2002.
DOI : 10.1056/NEJMoa020245

S. Bharati and L. M. , Cardiac conduction system involvement in sudden death of obese young people, American Heart Journal, vol.129, issue.2, pp.273-81, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-8703(95)90008-X

E. Drenick and J. Fisler, Sudden cardiac arrest in morbidly obese surgical patients unexplained after autopsy, The American Journal of Surgery, vol.155, issue.6, pp.720-726, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/S0002-9610(88)80029-1

J. Duflou, R. Virmani, I. Rabin, A. Burke, A. Farb et al., Sudden death as a result of heart disease in morbid obesity, American Heart Journal, vol.130, issue.2, pp.306-319, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-8703(95)90445-X

S. Rabkin, F. Mathewson, and P. Hsu, Relation of body weight to development of ischemic heart disease in a cohort of young north American men after a 26 year observation period: The manitoba study, The American Journal of Cardiology, vol.39, issue.3, pp.452-460, 1977.
DOI : 10.1016/S0002-9149(77)80104-5

M. Alpert and M. Hashimi, Obesity and the Heart, The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol.306, issue.2, 1993.
DOI : 10.1097/00000441-199308000-00011

R. Stamler, J. Stamler, W. Riedlinger, G. Algera, and R. Roberts, Weight and blood pressure. Findings in hypertension screening of 1 million Americans, JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol.240, issue.15, 1978.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.240.15.1607

N. Mikhail, M. Golub, and M. Tuck, Obesity and hypertension, Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, vol.42, issue.1, pp.39-58, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0033-0620(99)70008-3

J. Luce, Respiratory Complications of Obesity, Chest, vol.78, issue.4, pp.626-657, 1980.
DOI : 10.1378/chest.78.4.626

C. Ray, D. Sue, G. Bray, J. Hansen, and K. Wasserman, Effects of Obesity on Respiratory Function, American Review of Respiratory Disease, vol.128, issue.3, pp.501-507, 1983.
DOI : 10.1164/arrd.1983.128.3.501

P. Pelosi, M. Croci, I. Ravagnan, S. Tredici, A. Pedoto et al., The effects of body mass on lung volumes, respiratory mechanics, and gas exchange during general anesthesia, Anesth Analg, vol.87, issue.3, pp.654-60, 1998.

P. Pelosi, M. Croci, E. Calappi, D. Mulazzi, M. Cerisara et al., Prone positioning improves pulmonary function in obese patients during general anesthesia

A. Eichenberger, S. Proietti, S. Wicky, P. Frascarolo, M. Suter et al., Morbid Obesity and Postoperative Pulmonary Atelectasis: An Underestimated Problem, Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol.95, issue.6
DOI : 10.1097/00000539-200212000-00060

M. Biring, M. Lewis, J. Liu, and Z. Mohsenifar, Pulmonary Physiologic Changes of Morbid Obesity, The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol.318, issue.5, pp.293-300, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0002-9629(15)40641-X

J. Adams and P. Murphy, Obesity in anaesthesia and intensive care, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.85, issue.1, pp.91-108, 2000.
DOI : 10.1093/bja/85.1.91

URL : https://academic.oup.com/bja/article-pdf/85/1/91/18263640/850091.pdf

J. Ingrande and H. Lemmens, Dose adjustment of anaesthetics in the morbidly obese, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.105
DOI : 10.1093/bja/aeq312

L. Hjm, Perioperative pharmacology in morbid obesity, Curr Opin Anaesthesiol, vol.23, issue.4, pp.485-91, 2010.

A. Casati and M. Putzu, Anesthesia in the obese patient: Pharmacokinetic considerations, Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, vol.17, issue.2, pp.134-179, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jclinane.2004.01.009

D. Abernethy and D. Greenblatt, Pharmacokinetics of Drugs in Obesity, Clinical Pharmacokinetics, vol.7, issue.2, pp.108-132, 1982.
DOI : 10.2165/00003088-198207020-00002

G. Cheymol, Effects of obesity on pharmacokinetics implications for drug therapy

K. Wasan and G. Lopez-berestein, The influence of serum lipoproteins on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of lipophilic drugs and drug carriers, Arch Med Res, vol.24, issue.4, pp.395-401, 1993.

P. Barbeau, M. Litaker, K. Woods, C. Lemmon, M. Humphries et al., Hemostatic and inflammatory markers in obese youths: Effects of exercise and adiposity, The Journal of Pediatrics, vol.141, issue.3, pp.415-435, 2002.
DOI : 10.1067/mpd.2002.127497

D. Salazar and G. Corcoran, Predicting creatinine clearance and renal drug clearance in obese patients from estimated fat-free body mass, The American Journal of Medicine, vol.84, issue.6, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-9343(88)90310-5

R. Snider, J. Kruse, J. Bander, and G. Dunn, Accuracy of estimated creatinine clearance in obese patients with stable renal function in the intensive care unit, Pharmacotherapy, vol.15, issue.6, pp.747-53, 1995.

V. Ratziu, P. Giral, C. F. Bruckert, E. Thibault, V. Theodorou et al., Liver fibrosis in overweight patients, Gastroenterology, vol.118, issue.6, pp.1117-1140, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-5085(00)70364-7

A. Schwartz, R. Matteo, E. Ornstein, J. Halevy, and J. Diaz, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Vecuronium in the Obese Surgical Patient, Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol.74, issue.4, 1992.
DOI : 10.1213/00000539-199204000-00008

F. Varin, J. Ducharme, Y. Théorêt, J. Besner, D. Bevan et al., Influence of extreme obesity on the body disposition and neuromuscular blocking effect of atracurium, Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol.48, issue.1, pp.18-25, 1990.
DOI : 10.1038/clpt.1990.112

F. Pühringer, C. Keller, A. Kleinsasser, S. Giesinger, and A. Benzer, Pharmacokinetics of rocuronium bromide in obese female patients, Eur J Anaesthesiol, 1999.

J. Bentley, J. Borel, R. Vaughan, and A. Gandolfi, Weight, Pseudocholinesterase Activity, and Succinylcholine Requirement, Anesthesiology, vol.57, issue.1, pp.48-57, 1982.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-198207000-00014

J. Rose, M. Theroux, and M. Katz, The Potency of Succinylcholine in Obese Adolescents, Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol.90, issue.3, pp.576-584, 2000.
DOI : 10.1097/00000539-200003000-00015

T. Suzuki, G. Masaki, and S. Ogawa, Neostigmine-induced reversal of vecuronium in normal weight, overweight and obese female patients, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.97, issue.2, 2006.
DOI : 10.1093/bja/ael142

T. Gaszynski, T. Szewczyk, and W. Gaszynski, Randomized comparison of sugammadex and neostigmine for reversal of rocuronium-induced muscle relaxation in morbidly obese undergoing general anaesthesia, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.108, issue.2, pp.236-245, 2012.
DOI : 10.1093/bja/aer330

S. Llauradó, A. Sabaté, E. Ferreres, I. Camprubí, and A. Cabrera, Sugammadex Ideal Body Weight Dose Adjusted by Level of Neuromuscular Blockade in Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery, Anesthesiology, vol.117, issue.1, pp.93-101, 2012.
DOI : 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182580409

P. Van-lancker, B. Dillemans, T. Bogaert, J. Mulier, D. Kock et al., Ideal versus corrected body weight for dosage of sugammadex in morbidly obese patients, Anaesthesia, vol.104, issue.8, pp.721-726, 2011.
DOI : 10.1213/01.ane.0000250617.79166.7f

S. Sauerland, L. Angrisani, M. Belachew, J. Chevallier, F. Favretti et al., Obesity surgery: Evidence-based guidelines of the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery (EAES), Surgical Endoscopy, vol.237, issue.Suppl., pp.200-221, 2005.
DOI : 10.1148/radiology.216.2.r00au28389

A. Depaula, A. Macedo, N. Rassi, C. Machado, V. Schraibman et al., Laparoscopic treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus for patients with a body mass index less than 35, Surgical Endoscopy, vol.353, issue.Suppl.1, pp.706-722, 2008.
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.317.7160.703

M. Rodde-dunet, M. Marty, M. Païta, P. Fender, and A. H. , Bariatric surgery in France : results of a nationwide prospective survey]. Ann Chir, 2005.

E. Mason, C. Doherty, J. Cullen, D. Scott, E. Rodriguez et al., Vertical Gastroplasty: Evolution of Vertical Banded Gastroplasty, World Journal of Surgery, vol.22, issue.9, 1998.
DOI : 10.1007/s002689900495

E. Demaria, H. Sugerman, J. Kellum, J. Meador, and L. Wolfe, Results of 281 Consecutive Total Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypasses to Treat Morbid Obesity, Annals of Surgery, vol.235, issue.5
DOI : 10.1097/00000658-200205000-00005

M. Laville, M. Romon, G. Chavrier, B. Guy-grand, M. Krempf et al., Recommendations Regarding Obesity Surgery, Obesity Surgery, vol.15, issue.10, pp.1476-80, 2005.
DOI : 10.1381/096089205774859236

H. Oria and M. Moorehead, Bariatric analysis and reporting outcome system (BA- ROS) Obes Surg, pp.487-99, 1998.
DOI : 10.1381/096089298765554043

S. White, E. Brooks, L. Jurikova, and R. Stubbs, Long-Term Outcomes after Gastric Bypass, Obesity Surgery, vol.15, issue.2, pp.155-63, 2005.
DOI : 10.1381/0960892053268282

M. Maggard, L. Shugarman, M. Suttorp, M. Maglione, H. Sugerman et al., Meta-Analysis: Surgical Treatment of Obesity, Annals of Internal Medicine, vol.142, issue.7, 2005.
DOI : 10.7326/0003-4819-142-7-200504050-00013

H. Buchwald, Y. Avidor, E. Braunwald, M. Jensen, W. Pories et al., Bariatric Surgery, JAMA, vol.292, issue.14, 2004.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.292.14.1724

S. Herpertz, R. Kielmann, A. Wolf, M. Langkafel, W. Senf et al., Does obesity surgery improve psychosocial functioning? A systematic review, International Journal of Obesity, vol.9, issue.Suppl 1, pp.1300-1314, 2003.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802410

URL : http://www.nature.com/ijo/journal/v27/n11/pdf/0802410a.pdf

M. Eikermann, F. Vogt, F. Herbstreit, M. Vahid-dastgerdi, M. Zenge et al., The Predisposition to Inspiratory Upper Airway Collapse during Partial Neuromuscular Blockade, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol.175, issue.1, pp.9-15, 2007.
DOI : 10.1213/01.ane.0000195233.80166.14

R. Schumann, S. Jones, V. Ortiz, K. Connor, I. Pulai et al., Best Practice Recommendations for Anesthetic Perioperative Care and Pain Management in Weight Loss Surgery, Obesity Research, vol.350, issue.1st, pp.254-66, 2005.
DOI : 10.1056/NEJMp048029

T. Fuchs-buder, C. Meistelman, A. F. Grandjean, A. Wuthrich, Y. Donati et al., Antagonism of Low Degrees of Atracurium-induced Neuromuscular Blockade, Anesthesiology, vol.112, issue.1, pp.34-40, 2010.
DOI : 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c53863

D. Eleveld, K. Kuizenga, J. Proost, and J. Wierda, A Temporary Decrease in Twitch Response During Reversal of Rocuronium-Induced Muscle Relaxation with a Small Dose of Sugammadex, Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol.104, issue.3, pp.582-586, 2007.
DOI : 10.1213/01.ane.0000250617.79166.7f

T. Fuchs-buder, Less is not always more: sugammadex and the risk of under-dosing, European Journal of Anaesthesiology, vol.27, issue.10
DOI : 10.1097/EJA.0b013e32833dce3a

M. King, N. Sujirattanawimol, D. Danielson, B. Hall, D. Schroeder et al., Requirements for Muscle Relaxants during Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy, Anesthesiology, vol.93, issue.6, pp.1392-1399, 2000.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-200012000-00008

F. Servin, R. Farinotti, J. Haberer, and J. Desmonts, Propofol Infusion for Maintenance of Anesthesia in Morbidly Obese Patients Receiving Nitrous Oxide A Clinical and Pharmacokinetic Study, ANESTHESIOLOGY, vol.78, issue.4, pp.657-65, 1993.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-199304000-00008

A. Albertin, D. Poli, L. Colla, L. Gonfalini, M. Turi et al., Predictive performance of ???Servin's formula??? during BIS ?? -guided propofol-remifentanil target-controlled infusion in morbidly obese patients, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.98, issue.1, pp.66-75, 2007.
DOI : 10.1093/bja/ael321

D. Baerdemaeker, L. Struys, M. Jacobs, S. , D. Blauwen et al., Optimization of desflurane administration in morbidly obese patients: a comparison with sevoflurane using an ???inhalation bolus??? technique, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.91, issue.5, pp.638-50, 2003.
DOI : 10.1093/bja/aeg236

M. Vallejo, N. Sah, A. Phelps, O. Donnell, J. Romeo et al., Desflurane versus sevoflurane for laparoscopic gastroplasty in morbidly obese patients, Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, vol.19, issue.1, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jclinane.2006.04.003

D. Baerdemaeker, L. Jacobs, S. , D. Blauwen, N. Pattyn et al., Postoperative Results after Desflurane or Sevoflurane Combined with Remifentanil in Morbidly Obese Patients, Obesity Surgery, vol.16, issue.6, pp.728-761, 2006.
DOI : 10.1381/096089206777346691

T. Gaszynski, J. Strzelczyk, and W. Gaszynski, Post-anesthesia Recovery after Infusion of Propofol with Remifentanil or Alfentanil or Fentanyl in Morbidly Obese Patients, Obesity Surgery, vol.14, issue.4
DOI : 10.1381/096089204323013488

Y. Leykin, T. Pellis, M. Lucca, G. Lomangino, B. Marzano et al., The Pharmacodynamic Effects of Rocuronium When Dosed According to Real Body Weight or Ideal Body Weight in Morbidly Obese Patients, Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol.99, issue.4, pp.1086-1095, 2004.
DOI : 10.1213/01.ANE.0000120081.99080.C2

H. Sparr, T. Luger, T. Heidegger, and G. Putensen-himmer, Comparison of intubating conditions after rocuronium and suxamethonium following ???rapid-sequence induction??? with thiopentone in elective cases, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol.80, issue.4, 1996.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1399-6576.1996.tb04464.x

L. Tang, S. Li, S. Huang, H. Ma, and Z. Wang, Desaturation following rapid sequence induction using succinylcholine vs. rocuronium in overweight patients, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol.22, issue.2, pp.203-211, 2011.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-197307000-00003

M. Sørensen, C. Bretlau, M. Gätke, A. Sørensen, and L. Rasmussen, Rapid sequence induction and intubation with rocuronium???sugammadex compared with succinylcholine: a randomized trial, British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol.108, issue.4, pp.682-691
DOI : 10.1093/bja/aer503

C. Meistelman and T. Fuchs-buder, Pharmacology of sugammadex] Ann Fr Anesth Reanim, pp.51-57, 2009.

A. Sabaté and S. Llauradó, Ideal versus corrected body weight for dosage of sugammadex in morbidly obese patients, Anaesthesia, vol.111, issue.6, pp.682-682, 2012.
DOI : 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181a51cb0

M. Pai and F. Paloucek, The Origin of the ???Ideal??? Body Weight Equations, Annals of Pharmacotherapy, vol.8, issue.6, pp.1066-1075, 2000.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1753-4887.1961.tb01966.x

J. Viby-mogensen, J. Engbaek, L. Eriksson, L. Gramstad, E. Jensen et al., Good Clinical Research Practice (GCRP) in pharmacodynamic studies of neuromuscular blocking agents, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol.81, issue.1, pp.59-74, 1996.
DOI : 10.1213/00000539-197303000-00011

L. Corre, F. Nejmeddine, S. Fatahine, C. Tayar, C. et al., Recurarisation apr??s d??curarisation avec le sugammadex chez une patiente ob??se, Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesth??sie, vol.111, issue.10, 2011.
DOI : 10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181e1d94c

D. Rose, M. Cohen, D. Wigglesworth, and D. Deboer, Critical Respiratory Events in the Postanesthesia Care Unit, Anesthesiology, vol.81, issue.2, pp.410-418, 1994.
DOI : 10.1097/00000542-199408000-00020

A. Schwartz, R. Matteo, E. Ornstein, W. Young, and K. Myers, Pharmacokinetics of Sufentanil in Obese Patients, Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol.73, issue.6, pp.790-793, 1991.
DOI : 10.1213/00000539-199112000-00019

P. Berstad, A. Randby, S. Ekeland, G. Ulveland, H. Omland et al., Body fat and fat-free mass measured by bioelectric impedance spectroscopy and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in obese and non-obese adults, British Journal of Nutrition, vol.64, issue.08, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clnu.2004.09.012

J. Raft, E. Chenot, D. Longrois, and C. Meistelman, Analysis of neuromuscular blocking drugs and sugammadex expenses, one year after its introduction into routine clinical practice]. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim, pp.758-767, 2011.

T. Ledowski, S. Hillyard, A. Kozman, F. Johnston, E. Gillies et al., Unrestricted access to sugammadex : impact on neuromuscular blocking agent choice, reversal practice and associated healthcare costs, Anaesth Intensive Care, 2012.

T. Fuchs-buder, C. Meistelman, and J. Schreiber, Is sugammadex economically viable for routine use, Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology, vol.25, issue.2, pp.217-237
DOI : 10.1097/ACO.0b013e32834f012d

M. Beaussier, A. Decorps, P. Tilleul, A. Megnigbeto, P. Balladur et al., L???usage du desflurane permet de r??duire l???occupation de la SDR : ??tude de rentabilit?? compar??e avec l???isoflurane, Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesth??sie, vol.83, issue.4, pp.339-385, 2002.
DOI : 10.1007/BF03010117

B. Plaud, Sugammadex : something new to improve patient safety or simply a gadget ?]. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim, pp.64-73, 2009.