.. Les-principes-du-dépistage, 39 1.1. Test de dépistage, ., p.41

.. Conséquences-de-la-macrosomie-foetale-dans-notre-population, 60 2.1. Conséquences sur le déroulement du travail et de l'accouchement, p.60

.. Conséquences-du-dépistage-de-la-macrosomie-foetale-dans-notre-population, Comparaison des groupes « suspicion de macrosomie foetale » versus « pas de suspicion de macrosomie, p.68

J. Lepercq and P. Boileau, Physiologie de la croissance foetale, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/s0246-0335(05)41350-2

J. Lepercq, J. Timsit, and S. Hauguel-de-mouzon, [Etiopathogeny of fetal macrosomia] Journal de gynecologie, obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction, pp.6-12, 2000.

S. P. Chauhan, Suspicion and treatment of the macrosomic fetus: a review American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, pp.332-378, 2005.

B. Blondel, [The perinatal situation in France Journal de gynecologie, obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction [Fetal macrosomia: management, obstetrical and neonatal results. Multicenter case-control study in 15 maternity hospitals in Paris and the Ile de France area, Gynecologie, obstetrique & fertilite, vol.266, issue.86, pp.770-80, 1981.

J. Berard, Fetal Macrosomia, Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, vol.54, issue.2, pp.51-60, 1998.
DOI : 10.1097/00006254-199902000-00009

L. Mandelbrot and P. Ceccaldi, Surveillance de la grossesse normale, EMC - Obst??trique, vol.1, issue.4, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/S0246-0335(06)41450-2

C. Sureau and R. Henrion, Rapport du Comité National Technique de l'Échographie de Dépistage Prénatal, 2005.

F. P. Hadlock, Estimation of fetal weight with the use of head, body, and femur measurements???A prospective study, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.151, issue.3, pp.333-340, 1985.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-9378(85)90298-4

G. Boog, Performances et limites de l'échographie obstétricale, 2002.

H. C. Miller and K. Hassanein, Diagnosis of impaired fetal growth in newborn infants, Pediatrics, vol.48, issue.4, pp.511-533, 1971.

M. A. Klebanoff, J. L. Mills, and H. W. Berendes, Mother's birth weight as a predictor of macrosomia, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.153, issue.3, pp.253-260, 1985.
DOI : 10.1016/S0002-9378(85)80107-1

M. E. Boyd, R. H. Usher, and F. H. Mclean, Fetal macrosomia: prediction, risks, proposed management, Obstetrics and gynecology, issue.6, pp.61-715, 1983.

J. Orskou, Maternal characteristics and lifestyle factors and the risk of delivering high birth weight infants, Obstetrics and gynecology, vol.102, issue.1, pp.115-135, 2003.

P. M. Catalano, N. M. Drago, and S. B. Amini, Factors affecting fetal growth and body composition, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.172, issue.5, pp.1459-63, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-9378(95)90478-6

H. M. Ehrenberg, B. M. Mercer, and P. M. Catalano, The influence of obesity and diabetes on the prevalence of macrosomia, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.191, issue.3, pp.964-972, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ajog.2004.05.052

M. C. Jolly, Risk factors for macrosomia and its clinical consequences: a study of 350,311 pregnancies. European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology, pp.9-14, 2003.

D. Getahun, Changes in prepregnancy body mass index between the first and second pregnancies and risk of large-for-gestational-age birth. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, pp.530-531, 2007.

C. Kabali and M. M. Werler, Pre-pregnant body mass index, weight gain and the risk of delivering large babies among non-diabetic mothers. International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, pp.97-100, 2007.

U. Kiran and T. S. , Outcome of pregnancy in a woman with an increased body mass index, BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol.14, issue.2, pp.768-72, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/S0029-7844(00)01078-4

N. E. Stotland, Risk factors and obstetric complications associated with macrosomia. International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, pp.220-226, 2004.

A. M. Guihard-costa and J. C. Larroche, Growth velocity of some fetal parameters. II. Body weight, body length and head circumference, Biology of the neonate, issue.5, pp.62-317, 1992.

I. O. Frederick, Pre-pregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain, and other maternal characteristics in relation to infant birth weight. Maternal and child health journal, pp.557-67, 2008.

P. M. Catalano, N. M. Drago, and S. B. Amini, Maternal carbohydrate metabolism and its relationship fetal growth and body composition, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.172, issue.5, pp.1464-70, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-9378(95)90479-4

R. Schwartz, Hyperinsulinemia and Macrosomia in the Fetus of the Diabetic Mother, Diabetes care, pp.640-648, 1994.
DOI : 10.2337/diacare.17.7.640

O. Langer and R. Mazze, The relationship between large-for-gestational-age infants and glycemic control in women with gestational diabetes, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.159, issue.6, pp.1478-83, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-9378(88)90578-9

O. Langer, Intensified versus conventional management of gestational diabetes American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, pp.1036-1082, 1994.

J. W. Weeks, T. Pitman, and S. J. , Fetal macrosomia: does antenatal prediction affect delivery route and birth outcome? American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, pp.1215-1224, 1995.

W. Siggelkow, The influence of macrosomia on the duration of labor, the mode of delivery and intrapartum complications. Archives of gynecology and obstetrics, pp.278-547, 2008.

F. Goffinet, [Is cesarean section indicated for suspected macrosomia?] Journal de gynecologie, obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction, pp.22-31, 2000.

E. Sheiner, Determining factors associated with shoulder dystocia: a population-based study. European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology, pp.11-16, 2006.

C. Y. Spong, An objective definition of shoulder dystocia: Prolonged head-to-body delivery intervals and/or the use of ancillary obstetric maneuvers, Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol.86, issue.3, pp.433-439, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0029-7844(95)00188-W

O. Langer, Shoulder dystocia: should the fetus weighing greater than or equal to 4000 grams be delivered by cesarean section? American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, pp.831-838, 1991.

T. F. Baskett and . Shoulder-dystocia, Best practice & research, pp.57-68, 2002.

D. Maticot-baptista, [Prevention of shoulder dystocia by an ultrasound selection at the beginning of labour of foetuses with large abdominal circumference] Journal de gynecologie, obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction, pp.42-51, 2007.

J. Andersen, Perinatal brachial plexus palsy. Paediatrics & child health, pp.93-100, 2006.
DOI : 10.1093/pch/11.2.93

URL : http://europepmc.org/articles/pmc2435328?pdf=render

W. N. Spellacy, Macrosomia--maternal characteristics and infant complications, Obstetrics and gynecology, vol.66, issue.2, pp.158-61, 1985.

H. Ju, Fetal macrosomia and pregnancy outcomes. The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology, pp.504-513, 2009.

X. Zhang, How big is too big? The perinatal consequences of fetal macrosomia, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.198, issue.5, pp.517-518, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ajog.2007.12.005

C. Carlus, [The macrosomic newborn in the maternity ward: practical attitude] Journal de gynecologie, obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction, pp.25-32, 2000.

M. Polak, [Long-term consequences of fetal macrosomia] Journal de gynecologie, obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction, pp.36-43, 2000.

E. Sheiner, Third degree perineal tears in a university medical center where midline episiotomies are not performed. Archives of gynecology and obstetrics, pp.307-317, 2005.

V. L. Handa, B. H. Danielsen, and G. W. , Obstetric anal sphincter lacerations, Obstetrics and gynecology, vol.98, issue.2, pp.225-255, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/s0029-7844(01)01445-4

H. G. Dahlen, An Australian prospective cohort study of risk factors for severe perineal trauma during childbirth. Midwifery, pp.196-203, 2007.

A. Barbier, [Is primiparity, the only risk factor for type 3 and 4 perineal injury, during delivery?]. Gynecologie, obstetrique & fertilite, pp.101-107, 2007.

P. Panel, [Delivery of large infants. Management and results of 198 cases]. Journal de gynecologie, obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction, pp.729-765, 1991.

E. Oral, Perinatal and maternal outcomes of fetal macrosomia, European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, vol.99, issue.2, pp.167-71, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0301-2115(01)00416-X

R. Jaeschke, G. H. Guyatt, and S. D. , Users' guides to the medical literature. III. How to use an article about a diagnostic test. B. What are the results and will they help me in caring for my patients? The Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group, JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol.271, issue.9, pp.271-703, 1994.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.271.9.703

H. C. Ong and D. K. Sen, Clinical estimation of fetal weight American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, pp.877-80, 1972.

M. J. Shepard, An evaluation of two equations for predicting fetal weight by ultrasound, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.142, issue.1, pp.47-54, 1982.
DOI : 10.1016/S0002-9378(16)32283-9

A. K. Sood, M. Yancey, and D. Richards, Prediction of fetal macrosomia using humeral soft tissue thickness, Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol.85, issue.6, pp.937-977, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0029-7844(95)00081-2

S. P. Chauhan, Antepartum Detection of Macrosomic Fetus, Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol.95, issue.5, pp.95-639, 2000.
DOI : 10.1097/00006250-200005000-00001

A. Ego, B. Blondel, and Z. J. , [Birthweight curves: a review of the literature] Journal de gynecologie, obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction, pp.35-749, 2006.

B. Leroy and F. Lefort, [The weight and size of newborn infants at birth]. Revue francaise de gynecologie et d'obstetrique, pp.391-397, 1971.

L. O. Lubchenco, Intrauterine Growth as Estimated from Liveborn Birth-Weight Data at 24 to 42 Weeks of Gestation, Pediatrics, vol.32, pp.793-800, 1963.

N. Mamelle, [Fetal growth from the AUDIPOG study. II. Application for the diagnosis of intrauterine growth retardation] Journal de gynecologie, obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction, pp.71-78, 1996.

J. Gardosi, Customised antenatal growth charts, The Lancet, vol.339, issue.8788, pp.283-290, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0140-6736(92)91342-6

R. J. Snijders and K. H. Nicolaides, Fetal biometry at 14-40 weeks' gestation, Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.4, issue.1, pp.34-48, 1994.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1469-0705.1994.04010034.x

A. M. Guihard-costa, P. Droulle, and L. J. , Growth velocity of the biparietal diameter, abdominal transverse diameter and femur length in the fetal period. Early human development, pp.93-102, 1991.

J. Crequat, M. Duyme, G. Brodaty, and . Biometry, Fetal growth charts by the French College of fetal ultrasonography and the Inserm U 155, Gynecologie, obstetrique & fertilite, vol.28, issue.6, pp.435-480, 2000.

J. C. Pineau, O. Thiebaugeorges, and A. M. Guihard-costa, Optimal standards for fetal biometry: to each measurement its fitting model. Fetal diagnosis and therapy, pp.396-405, 2006.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00817917

A. M. Guihard-costa, O. Thiebaugeorges, and P. Droulle, Biométrie foetale: standards de croissance et croissance individuelle, 1999.

T. W. Harstad, Ultrasound anthropometric reliability, Journal of Clinical Ultrasound, vol.63, issue.9, pp.531-535, 1994.
DOI : 10.1177/00220345850640061201

F. P. Hadlock, Sonographic estimation of fetal weight. The value of femur length in addition to head and abdomen measurements., Radiology, vol.150, issue.2, pp.535-575, 1984.
DOI : 10.1148/radiology.150.2.6691115

B. R. Benacerraf, R. Gelman, and F. F. Jr, Sonographically estimated fetal weights: accuracy and limitation. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, pp.1118-1139, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-9378(88)90425-5

C. A. Combs, Sonographic EFW and macrosomia: is there an optimum formula to predict diabetic fetal macrosomia? The Journal of maternal-fetal medicine, pp.55-61, 2000.

P. F. Chien, P. Owen, and K. S. Khan, Validity of ultrasound estimation of fetal weight, Obstetrics and gynecology, vol.95, issue.6, pp.856-60, 2000.

G. C. Smith, The relation between fetal abdominal circumference and birthweight: findings in 3512 pregnancies, BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol.31, issue.2, pp.186-90, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-9378(85)90298-4

C. Henrichs, Detecting fetal macrosomia with abdominal circumference alone. The Journal of reproductive medicine, pp.339-381, 2003.

A. Jazayeri, Macrosomia prediction using ultrasound fetal abdominal circumference of 35 centimeters or more, Obstetrics and gynecology, vol.93, issue.4, pp.523-529, 1999.

A. Coomarasamy, Accuracy of ultrasound biometry in the prediction of macrosomia: a systematic quantitative review, BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol.128, issue.11, pp.1461-1467, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-9378(77)90058-8

O. Reilly-green, C. Divon, and M. , Sonographic and Clinical Methods in the Diagnosis of Macrosomia, Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.43, issue.2, pp.309-329, 2000.
DOI : 10.1097/00003081-200006000-00008

S. P. Chauhan, Intrapartum detection of a macrosomic fetus: clinical versus 8 sonographic models. The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology, pp.266-70, 1995.

S. P. Chauhan, Parous patients' estimate of birth weight in postterm pregnancy, J Perinatol, vol.15, issue.3, pp.192-196, 1995.

M. G. Halaska, Predicting term birth weight using ultrasound and maternal characteristics. European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology, pp.231-236, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2006.01.020

O. M. Alsulyman, J. G. Ouzounian, and K. S. , The accuracy of intrapartum ultrasonographic fetal weight estimation in diabetic pregnancies, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.177, issue.3, pp.503-509, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0002-9378(97)70136-4

D. J. Rouse, The effectiveness and costs of elective cesarean delivery for fetal macrosomia diagnosed by ultrasound, Jama, issue.18, pp.276-1480, 1996.

R. Gonen, D. Spiegel, and A. M. , Is macrosomia predictable, and are shoulder dystocia and birth trauma preventable? Obstetrics and gynecology, pp.526-535, 1996.

D. L. Conway and O. Langer, Elective delivery of infants with macrosomia in diabetic women: reduced shoulder dystocia versus increased cesarean deliveries American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, pp.922-927, 1998.

O. Gonen, Induction of labor versus expectant management in macrosomia: A randomized study, Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol.89, issue.6, pp.913-920, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0029-7844(97)00149-X

O. Irion and M. Boulvain, Induction of labour for suspected fetal macrosomia. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online, pp.2000-000938

L. Sanchez-ramos, S. Bernstein, and K. A. , Expectant Management Versus Labor Induction for Suspected Fetal Macrosomia, Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol.100, issue.5, Part 1, pp.997-1002, 2002.
DOI : 10.1097/00006250-200211000-00030

L. Sentilhes and E. Verspyck, [Fetal macrosomia and labor induction: we are definitely against it]. Gynecologie, obstetrique & fertilite, pp.34-1186, 2006.

A. Ben-haroush, Predictive value of a single early fetal weight estimate in normal pregnancies. European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology, pp.187-92, 2007.

D. J. Sherman, A Comparison of Clinical and Ultrasonic Estimation of Fetal Weight, Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol.91, issue.2, pp.212-219, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0029-7844(97)00654-6

P. Rosati, Ultrasound diagnosis of fetal macrosomia, Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.2, issue.1, pp.23-32, 1992.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1469-0705.1992.02010023.x

G. Kayem, Comparison of fundal height measurement and sonographically measured fetal abdominal circumference in the prediction of high and low birth weight at term, Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.35, issue.5, pp.566-71, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1471-0528.1986.tb07894.x

S. P. Chauhan, Limitations of Clinical and Sonographic Estimates of Birth Weight: Experience With 1034 Parturients, Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol.91, issue.1, pp.72-79, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0029-7844(97)00590-5

F. D. Johnstone, Clinical and ultrasound prediction of macrosomia in diabetic pregnancy, BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol.96, issue.8, pp.747-54, 1996.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1471-0528.1989.tb03222.x

A. B. Levine, Sonographic diagnosis of the large for gestational age fetus at term: does it make a difference? Obstetrics and gynecology, pp.55-63, 1992.