Prise en charge orthophonique de l’enfant d’âge préscolaire présentant un bégaiement associé à un retard de parole : intérêts et bénéfices des stimulations du rythme : étude de deux cas

Abstract : Stuttering is a speaking and communication disorder that starts during the early childhood,at the so-called“language explosion” stage. This disorder could disappear in 90% of the cases by early-onset treatment. Parental control over the child’s environment is central to the efficacy of speech therapy.In roughly 30% of cases, stuttering children display an associated delayed speech characterized by phonological alterations. In this case, words deformation could render the children’s pronunciation totally unintelligible. Nowadays, speech-language therapy for the delayed speech focuses on the formal aspect of the language. This approach however, is not recommended for stuttering cure. Hence, the cure of two dysfunctions proves to be a problem. This work focuses on the correlation between speech delay and stuttering and suggests a rehabilitative approach aiming to cure both disorders in the respect of their specific recommendations. A theoretical section shows that both pathologies affect speech prosody and the rhythmic capacity of the children might be affected. Therefore, we have chosen to propose an approach that could treat both disorders at the same time. A method section establishes a group of activities based on rhythm stimulation applied to twochildren (4 and 5 years old) affected by stuttering with an associated speech delay, over a period of three months.Finally, theast part analyses in a qualitative fashion, the evolution of both rhythmic performances, and children’s speech quality through the different sessions. In conclusion, this work highlights the relevance of a rhythm-based therapeutic approachfor children exhibiting stuttering and speech delay.
Mots-clés : Bégaiement
Document type :
Master thesis
File URL :
http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUMED_MORT_2015_VILLEGAS_MAUD.pdf
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01832796
Contributor : Memoires Ul <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 9, 2018 - 9:05:52 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 4, 2019 - 2:53:43 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01832796, version 1

Collections

Citation

Maud Villegas. Prise en charge orthophonique de l’enfant d’âge préscolaire présentant un bégaiement associé à un retard de parole : intérêts et bénéfices des stimulations du rythme : étude de deux cas. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2015. ⟨hal-01832796⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

61