Reduction of ferric green rust by Shewanella putrefaciens

Abstract : Aims:  To reduce carbonated ferric green rust (GR*) using an iron respiring bacterium and obtain its reduced homologue, the mixed FeII–FeIII carbonated green rust (GR). Methods and Results:  The GR* was chemically synthesized by oxidation of the GR and was incubated with Shewanella putrefaciens cells at a defined [FeIII]/[cell] ratio. Sodium methanoate served as the sole electron donor. The GR* was quickly transformed in GR (iron reducing rate = 8·7 mmol l−1 h−1). Conclusions:  Ferric green rust is available for S. putrefaciens respiration as an electron acceptor. The reversibility of the GR redox state can be driven by bacterial activity. Significance and Impact of the Study:  This work suggests that GRs would act as an electronic balance in presence of bacteria. It provides also new perspectives for using iron reducing bacterial activity to regenerate the reactive form of GR during soil or water decontamination processes.
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F. Jorand, A. Zegeye, F. Landry, C. Ruby. Reduction of ferric green rust by Shewanella putrefaciens. Letters in Applied Microbiology, Wiley, 2007, 45 (5), pp.515 - 521. ⟨10.1111/j.1472-765X.2007.02225.x⟩. ⟨hal-01848956⟩

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