T. Barth, K. Rist, B. Huseby, and R. Ocampo, The distribution of nitrogen between bitumen, water and residue in hydrous pyrolysis of extracted Messel oil shale, Organic Geochemistry, vol.24, pp.889-895, 1996.

A. M. Bastoul, J. Pironon, M. Mosbah, M. Dubois, and M. Cuney, In-situ analysis of nitrogen in minerals, European Journal of Mineralogy, vol.5, pp.233-243, 1993.

I. Bérend, J. M. Cases, M. François, J. P. Uriot, L. Michot et al., Mechanism of adsorption and desorption of water vapor by homoionic montmorillonites: 2. The Li + , Na + , K + , Rb + and Cs +-exchanged forms, Clays and Clay Minerals, vol.43, pp.324-336, 1995.

J. L. Bishop, C. M. Pieters, and J. O. Edwards, Infrared spectroscopic analyses on the nature of water in montmorillonite, Clays and Clay Minerals, vol.42, pp.702-716, 1994.

A. Bos, W. Duit, A. M. Van-der-eerden, and B. H. Jansen, Nitrogen storage in biotite: An experimental study of the ammonium and potassium partitioning between 1M-phlogopit e and vapour at 2 kb, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.52, pp.1275-1283, 1988.

J. P. Boudou, A. Mariotti, and J. L. Oudin, Unexpected enrichment of nitrogen during the diagenetic evolution of sedimentary organic matter, Fuel, vol.63, pp.1508-1510, 1984.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/bioemco-00156950

B. Casal, E. Ruiz-hitzky, and J. M. Serratosa, Vibrational spectra of ammonium ions in crownether-NH + 4-montmorillonite complexes, Journal of the Chemical Society, vol.1, pp.2225-2232, 1984.

B. Chourabi and J. J. Fripiat, Determination of tetrahedral substitutions and interlayer surface heterogeneity from vibrational spectra of ammonium in smectites, Clays and Clay Minerals, vol.29, pp.260-268, 1981.

C. Eypert-blaison, E. Sauzéat, M. Pelletier, L. J. Michot, F. Villiéras et al., Hydration mechanism and swelling behavior of Na-magadiite, Chemistry of Materials, vol.13, pp.1480-1486, 2001.

S. Grishina, J. Pironon, M. Mazurov, S. Goryainov, A. Pustilnikov et al., Organic inclusions in salt. Part 3: Oil and gas inclusions in Cambrian evaporite deposit (East Siberia). A contribution to the understanding of nitrogen generation, Organic Geochemistry, vol.28, pp.297-310, 1998.

G. ;. Herzberg, R. Ir, and . Spectra, II Polyatomic molecules, 1947.

S. Higashi, Tobelite, a new ammonium dioctahedral mica, Mineralogical Journal, vol.11, pp.138-146, 1982.

S. Higashi, Ammonium-bearing mica and mica/ smectite of several pottery stone and pyrophyllite deposits in Japan: their mineralogical properties and utilization, Applied Clay Science, vol.16, pp.171-184, 2000.

J. M. Hunt, How gas forms. Pp. 150-185 in Petroleum Geochemistry and Geology, 1979.

H. Lindgreen, Ammonium fixation during illitesmectite diagenesis in Upper Jurassic shale, North Sea, Clay Minerals, vol.29, pp.527-537, 1994.

H. W. Morgan, P. A. Staats, and J. H. Goldstein, Infrared spectra of N 15 H 3 and N 15 H 4, 1957.

+. , Interaction between ammonia and the expanding lattices of montmorillonite and vermiculite, Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol.27, pp.248-258, 1963.

K. Nakamoto, Infrared Spectra of Inorganic and Coordination Compounds, 1963.

M. Pelletier, D. Donato, P. Thomas, F. Michot, L. Cases et al., Infrared spectroscopic study of water vapor adsorption by homoionic montmorillonites. The bending mode, Clays for our Future, Proceedings of the 11th International Clay Conference, pp.555-560, 1999.

. Torrance, Published by ICC97 Organizing Committee, 1997.

S. Petit, D. Righi, J. Madejová, and A. Decarreau, Interpretation of the infrared NH + 4 spectrum of the NH + 4-clays: application to the evaluation of the layer charge, Clay Minerals, vol.34, pp.543-549, 1999.

J. Pironon, M. Pagel, M. H. Lévêque, and M. Mogé, Organic inclusions in salt: Part 1: Solid and liquid organic matter, carbon dioxide and nitrogen species in fluid inclusions from the Bresse Basin (France), Organic Geochemistry, vol.23, pp.391-402, 1995.

J. Pironon, M. Pagel, F. Walgenwitz, and O. Barrès, Organic inclusions in salt: Part 2: Oil, gas and ammonium in inclusions from the Gabon margin, Organic Geochemistry, vol.23, pp.739-750, 1995.

P. A. Schroeder and E. D. Ingall, A method for the determination of nitrogen in clays, with application to the burial diagenesis of shales, Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol.64, pp.694-697, 1994.

P. A. Schroeder and A. A. Mclain, Illite-smectites and the influence of burial diagenesis on the geochemical cycling of nitrogen, Clay Minerals, vol.33, pp.539-546, 1998.

T. A. Shigorova, The possibility of determining the ammonium content of mica by IR spectroscopy, Translation from Geokhimiya, vol.3, pp.458-462, 1982.

V. S-Ï-uchá, I. Kraus, and . Madejova´jmadejova´j, Ammonium illite from anchimetamorphic shales associated with anthracite in the Zemplinicum of the western Carpathians, Clay Minerals, vol.29, pp.369-377, 1994.

B. P. Tissot and D. H. Welte, Atlas of Infrared Spectroscopy of Clay Minerals and their Admixtures, 1976.

W. Vedder, Ammonium in muscovit e, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.29, issue.5, pp.221-228

L. B. Williams and R. E. Ferrell, Ammonium substitution during maturation of organic matter, Clays and Clay Minerals, vol.39, pp.400-408, 1991.
DOI : 10.1346/ccmn.1991.0390409

URL : http://doi.org/10.1346/ccmn.1991.0390409

L. B. Williams, R. E. Ferrell, E. W. Chinn, and R. Sassen, Fixed-ammonium in clays associated with crude oils, Applied Geochemistry, vol.4, pp.605-616, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0883-2927(89)90070-x

, FTIR characterization of NH 4-clays