L. Ameryckx and J. J. Amy, Vasa praevia: a lethal threat to the fetus, Eur Clinics Obstst Gynaecol, vol.2, pp.128-130, 2006.

A. A. Baschat and U. Gembruch, Ante-and intrapartum diagnosis of vasa praevia in singleton pregnancies by colour coded Doppler sonography, Eur J Obstet Gyn R B, vol.79, pp.19-25, 1998.

M. Carbonnel, A. Tigaizin, and L. Carbillon, Vasa praevia : à propos d'un cas, Gynecol Obstet Fertil, vol.35, pp.327-329, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gyobfe.2007.01.026

V. Catanzarite, C. Maida, and W. Thomas, Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of vasa previa : ultrasound findings and obstetric outcome in ten cases, Ultrasound Obst Gyn, vol.18, pp.109-115, 2001.

M. Cingotti, A. Gandour, and E. Moxhon, Diagnostic d'in vaisseau praevia par l'amnioscopie. Intérêt de l'accouchement programmé. A propos d'un cas, Rev fr Gynécol Obstet, vol.87, issue.2, 1992.

G. Clerici, L. Burnelli, and V. Lauro, Prenatal diagnosis of vasa praevia presenting as amniotic band, Ultrasound Obst Gyn, vol.7, pp.61-63, 1996.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1469-0705.1996.07010061.x

URL : https://obgyn.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1046/j.1469-0705.1996.07010061.x

E. Daly-jones, A. John, and A. Leahy, Vasa praevia; a Preventable Tragedy, Ultrasound, vol.16, issue.1, pp.8-14, 2008.
DOI : 10.1179/174313408x259508

J. A. Davis, A. Lee, and J. Spencer, Variability of Continuous-Wave Doppler Flow Velocity Waveform Indices From the Umbilical Artery, Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.76, issue.3, pp.366-369, 1990.

I. Delbaere, S. Goetgeluk, and C. Derom, Umbilical cord anomalies are more frequent in twins after assisted reproduction, Hum Reprod, vol.22, issue.10, pp.2763-2767, 2007.
DOI : 10.1093/humrep/dem191

URL : https://academic.oup.com/humrep/article-pdf/22/10/2763/1626019/dem191.pdf

F. Duchatel, Insertion vélamenteuse du cordon ombilical et hémorragie de Benckiser. Histoire des sciences médicales, vol.16, pp.185-192, 1982.

F. Duchatel, P. Delseny, and A. Lhuillier, Rev fr Gynecol Obstet, vol.77, issue.11, pp.739-745, 1982.

G. M. Evans, Vasa praevia, Brit Med J, 1243.

T. Y. Fung and T. K. Lau, Poor perinatal outcome associated with vasa previa: is it preventable? A report of three cases and review of the literature, Ultrasound Obst Gyn, vol.12, pp.430-433, 1998.

R. Has, A. Yüksel, and S. Günay, Antenatal sonographic detection of an unusual placental lake under the cord insertion, Arch Gyn Obst, vol.271, pp.59-61, 2005.

J. Hasegawa, R. Matsuoka, and K. Ichizuka, Atypical variable deceleration in the first stage of labor is a characteristic fetal heart-rate pattern for velamentous cord insertion and hypercoiled cord, J Obstet Gynaecol, vol.35, issue.1, pp.35-39, 2009.

J. Hasegawa, R. Matsuoka, and K. Ichizuka, Velamentous Cord Insertion : Signifiance of Prenatal Detection to Predict Prenatal Complications, Taiwanese J Obstet Gynecol, vol.45, issue.1, pp.21-25, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/s1028-4559(09)60185-6

URL : https://doi.org/10.1016/s1028-4559(09)60185-6

S. Heckel, P. Weber, P. Dellenbach, and . L'hémorragie-de-benckiser, A propos de 2 cas et revue de la literature, J Gynecol Biol Reprod, vol.22, pp.184-190, 1993.

S. Heinonen, M. Ryynänen, and P. Kirkinen, Perinatal Diagnostic Evaluation of Velamentous Umbilical Cord Insertion : Clinical, Doppler, and Ultrasonic Findings, Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.87, issue.1, pp.112-117, 1996.

R. P. Japaraj, D. Amaraddio, and C. F. Yee, Antenatal diagnosis of vasa praevia-need for a high index of suspicion, Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol, vol.42, issue.2, pp.213-216, 2002.

K. Buanga and J. , A propos de l'article : « Hémorragie de Benckiser : grave et inévitable ?

, J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod, vol.35, p.738, 2006.

M. L. Klush, C. B. Jenkins, and A. A. Baschat, Variable umbilical artery end-diastolic velocity: a possible sign of velamentous cord insertion in monochorionic gestation, Ultrasond Obst Gyn, vol.21, pp.94-99, 2003.

A. Kouyoumdjian, Velamentous insertion of the umbilical cord, Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.56, issue.6, pp.737-741, 1980.

W. Lee, J. S. Kirk, and C. H. Comstock, Vasa previa: prenatal detection bythreedimensional ultrasonography, Ultrasound Obst Gyn, vol.16, pp.384-387, 2000.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1469-0705.2000.00188.x

A. F. Lijoi and J. Brady, Vasa Previa Diagnosis and Management, JABFP, vol.16, issue.6, pp.543-548, 2003.

P. G. Lindqvist and P. Gren, An easy-to-use method for detecting fetal hemoglobinA test to identify bleeding from vasa previa, Eur J Obstet Gyn R B, vol.131, pp.151-153, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2006.05.011

URL : http://lup.lub.lu.se/search/ws/files/2839568/1059988.pdf

P. Megier, A. Desroches, and O. Esperandieu, Diagnostic anténatal de vaisseaux praevia, avec insertion vélamenteuse du cordon, grâce à l'échographie-Doppler couleur, J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod, vol.24, pp.415-417, 1995.

P. Mégier, V. Gorin, and A. Desroches, Placenta bas insérés échographiquement au 3 ème trimestre de la grossesse : recherche de signes de placenta accret/percreta et de vaisseaux praevia, J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod, vol.28, pp.239-244, 1999.

I. W. Monie, Velamentous insertion of the cord in early pregnancy, AM J Obstet Gynecol, vol.93, pp.276-281, 1965.

A. Monteagudo, A. K. Sfakianaki, and T. Ie, Velamentous insertion of the cord in the first trimester, Ultrasound Obst Gyn, vol.16, pp.498-499, 2000.

P. Muller and P. Dellenbach, Anomalies du cordon ombilical et malformations foetales, Rev fr Gynec, vol.63, issue.11, pp.603-612, 1968.

L. H. Nelson, P. J. Melone, and M. King, Diagnosis of vasa praevia with transvaginal and color flow doppler ultrasound, Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.76, issue.3, pp.506-509, 1990.

M. Nomiyama, Y. Toyota, and H. Kawano, Antenatal diagnosis of velamentous umbilical cord insertion and vasa praevia with color Doppler imaging, Ultrasound Obst Gyn, vol.12, pp.426-429, 1998.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1469-0705.1998.12060426.x

K. O. Oyelese, P. Scwärzler, and S. Coates, A strategy for reducing the mortality rate from vasa praevia using transvaginal sonography with color Doppler, Ultrasound Obst Gyn, vol.12, pp.434-438, 1998.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1469-0705.1998.12060434.x

Y. Oyelese, R. C. Jha, and M. D. Moxley, Magnetic resonance imaging of vasa praevia, BJOG_Int J Obstet Gy, vol.110, pp.1127-1128, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/s1470-0328(03)03675-9

URL : https://obgyn.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2003.03075.x

Y. Oyelese, C. Spong, and M. A. Fernandez, Second Trimester Low-Lying Placenta and In-Vitro Fertilization ? Exclude Vasa Previa, J Mater-Fetal Neo M, vol.9, pp.370-372, 2000.
DOI : 10.1002/1520-6661(200011/12)9:6<370::aid-mfm1011>3.0.co;2-e

C. Régis, N. D. Mubiayi, and L. Devisme, Hémorragie de Benckiser : grave et inévitable ?, J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod, vol.35, issue.1, pp.517-521, 2006.

L. K. Robinson, K. L. Jones, and K. Benirschke, The nature of structural defects associated with velamentous and marginal insertion of the umbilical cord, Am J Obstet Gynecol, vol.146, pp.191-193, 1983.

M. Schachter, Y. Tovbin, and S. Arieli, In vitro fertilization is a risk factor for vasa praevia, Fertil Steril, vol.78, issue.3, pp.642-643, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/s0015-0282(02)03253-3

N. Seince, L. Carbillon, and N. Perrot, Various Doppler Sonographic Appearances and Challenges in Prenatal Diagnosis of Vasa Praevia, J Clin Ultrasound, vol.30, issue.7, pp.450-454, 2002.

W. Sepulveda, I. Rojas, and J. A. Robert, Prenatal detection of velamentous insertion of the umbilical cord: a prospective color Doppler ultrasound study, Ultrasound Obst Gyn, vol.21, pp.564-569, 2003.

;. ). Historique, , pp.10-11

. , Embryologie du placenta (29-42-43-44)

. Etiologies, 29-30-43)

). .. , Facteurs de risques, pp.17-19

;. ). Complications, , pp.7-32

). .. , 1.1. L'échographie (2-4-18-19-27-33-38-39)

:. .. Le,

L. ). ,

. .. Le-rythme-cardiaque-foetal-;-),

). .. ,

;. ). Diagnostic, Test de résistance à la dénaturation alcaline, pp.25-42

. , Etat de l'enfant à la naissance

D. .. ,

. , Préambule à la question de recherche

. .. Facteurs-de-risques,

.. .. Antécédents,

.. .. Cas,

.. .. Cas,

.. .. Cas,

.. .. Cas,

. .. Conclusion,

.. .. Signes,

E. De,

B. .. , , p.61

.. .. Troisième-cas-d&apos;hémorragie-de-benckiser,

. .. Constantes-maternelles-au-cours-de-l&apos;hémorragie-de-benckiser, 69 22.2. Issues de l'hémorragie de Benckiser

. .. Conclusion,

. .. Bibliographie,

T. .. Des-matieres,

.. .. Annexe,