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Journal Articles Analytical Chemistry Year : 2018

Scanning Gel Electrochemical Microscopy for Topography and Electrochemical Imaging

Abstract

Scanning electrochemical probe techniques have been widely applied for analyzing the local electrochemical activity of surfaces and interfaces. In this work, we develop a new concept of carrying out local electrochemical measurements by localizing both the electrode and the electrolyte. This is achieved through a gel probe, which is prepared by electrodepositing chitosan-gelatin gel on a microdisk electrode. It is positioned in contact with the sample surface by shear force feedback. The preliminary results indicate that the topography of the sample can be mapped by tapping the probe and recording the coordinates at a given normalized shear force signal, while the local electrochemical activity can be retrieved from local measurements with the probe touching the sample surface. The technique is denoted as scanning gel electrochemical microscopy. As compared with existing techniques, it has a major advantage of operating in air with the electrolyte immobilized in gel. This would prevent the spreading and leakage of solution on the sample surface and may lead to field applications.
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Dates and versions

hal-01941805 , version 1 (02-12-2018)

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Liang Liu, Mathieu Etienne, Alain Walcarius. Scanning Gel Electrochemical Microscopy for Topography and Electrochemical Imaging. Analytical Chemistry, 2018, 90 (15), pp.8889-8895. ⟨10.1021/acs.analchem.8b01011⟩. ⟨hal-01941805⟩
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