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Risk assessment of the ignitability and explosivity of aluminum nanopowders

Abstract : Previously, an extensive study has been carried out in order to assess the ignition sensitivity and explosivity of aluminum nanopowders. It showed notably that, as the particle size decreases, minimum ignition temperature and minimum ignition energy decrease, indicating higher potential inflammation. However, the explosion severity decreases for diameters lower than 1 μm. As a consequence, this study leads to the conclusions that the ignition sensitivity and explosion severity of aluminum nanopowders may be affected by various phenomena, as pre-ignition, agglomeration/aggregation degree and the intrinsic alumina content. The presence of wall-quenching effects and the predominance of radiation compared to conduction in the flame propagation process have to be discussed to ensure the validity of the 20 L sphere and of the results extrapolation. Based on the peculiar behaviours that had been previously highlighted, a specific risk analysis has been developed in order to assess the fire and explosion risks of such materials. It has been applied to an industrial plant of aluminum nanopowders production. The hazard identification and the consequence modelling steps, especially the quantification of the likelihood and consequences, have been designed specifically. The application of this method has led to the definition of the most adequate safety barriers.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00724920
Contributor : Dominique Thomas <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 23, 2012 - 11:09:15 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 31, 2020 - 1:22:49 PM

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Alexis Vignes, Felipe Munoz Giraldo, Jacques Bouillard, Laurent Perrin, Olivier Dufaud, et al.. Risk assessment of the ignitability and explosivity of aluminum nanopowders. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Elsevier, 2012, 90 (4), pp.304-310. ⟨10.1016/j.psep.2011.09.008⟩. ⟨hal-00724920⟩

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