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, L'épandage de matières fertilisantes d'origine résiduaire sur les prairies comporte-t-il des risques? / 397

, Origine Résiduaire (MAFOR) sur les prairies. Cette identification consiste à prendre en compte simultanément les quantités de polluants ingérées (quantité de matrice ingérée × concentration du polluant dans cette matrice), la fraction biodisponible et le devenir des polluants au sein de l'organisme. Les études réalisées en conditions de terrain et qui renseignent l'ensemble des données nécessaires pour estimer l'impact des MAFOR épandues sur prairies sont rares et peu conclusives. Elles reposent principalement sur l'application des boues de stations d'épuration sur des prairies et ne permettent pas de comparer l'impact des autres formes de MAFOR. Cependant, en prenant en compte l'ensemble des connaissances sur les transferts de polluants vers les produits animaux, il apparaît que les polluants organiques sont plus fortement absorbés que les Eléments Traces Métalliques (ETM), fine, les polluants organiques se concentrent généralement dans les tissus et produits gras alors que les ETM se retrouvent préférentiellement dans les abats. Cependant, un manque manifeste de connaissances sur le devenir de contaminants organiques émergents (bromés, perfluorés, phtalates et paraffines) ou de certains ETM (vanadium et thallium) doit être signalé. De manière globale, les transferts de polluants organiques et inorganiques vers les produits animaux