C. Huang, K. L. Hagar, L. E. Frost, Y. Sun, and H. S. Cheung, Effects of cyclic compressive loading on chondrogenesis of rabbit bone-marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells, Stem Cell, vol.36, pp.313-323, 2004.

V. David, A. Martin, M. H. Lafage-proust, L. Malaval, and L. Vico, Mechanical loading down-regulates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma in bone marrow stromal cells and favors osteoblastogenesis at the expense of adipogenesis, Endocrinology, vol.148, pp.2553-2562, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ujm-00271228

R. D. Sumanasinghe, S. H. Bernacki, and E. G. Loboa, Osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells in collagen matrices: Effect of uniaxial cyclic tensile strain on bone morphogenetic protein (BMP-2) mRNA expression, Tissue Eng, vol.12, pp.3459-3465, 2006.

M. J. Barron, C. J. Tsai, and S. W. Donahue, Mechanical stimulation mediates gene expression in MC3T3 osteoblastic cells differently in 2D and 3D environments, J Biomech Eng, vol.132, p.41005, 2010.
DOI : 10.1115/1.4001162

J. Juhásová, S. Juhás, J. Klíma, J. Strnádel, and J. Motlik, Osteogenic differentiation of miniature pig mesenchymal stem cells in 2D and 3D environment, Physiol Res, vol.60, pp.559-571, 2011.

W. Yao, Y. Li, Y. Ding, and G. , Interstitial fluid flow: The Mechanical Environment of Cells and Foundation of Meridians, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol.2012, pp.1-9, 2012.

B. M. Baker and C. S. Chen, Deconstructing the third dimension -how 3D culture microenvironments alter cellular cues, J Cell Sci, vol.125, pp.3015-3024, 2012.
DOI : 10.1242/jcs.079509

URL : http://jcs.biologists.org/content/joces/125/13/3015.full.pdf

X. F. Tian, B. C. Heng, Z. Ge, K. Lu, and T. Cao, Comparison of osteogenesis of human embryonic stem cells within 2D and 3D culture systems, Scand J Clin Lab Invest, vol.68, pp.58-67, 2008.

P. Arpornmaeklong, S. E. Brown, Z. Wang, and P. H. Krebsbach, Phenotypic characterization, osteoblastic differentiation, and bone regeneration capacity of human embryonic stem cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells, Stem Cells Dev, vol.18, pp.955-968, 2009.
DOI : 10.1089/scd.2008.0310

URL : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3032563

D. Rm and G. C. Reilly, The effects of mechanical loading on mesenchymal stem cell differentiation and matrix production, Vitam Horm, vol.87, pp.417-480, 2011.

U. A. Gurkan and O. Akkus, The mechanical environment of bone marrow: A review, Ann Biomed Eng, vol.36, pp.1978-1991, 2008.

E. M. Kearney, E. Farrell, P. J. Prendergast, and V. A. Campbell, Tensile strain as a regulator of mesenchymal stem cell osteogenesis, Ann Biomed Eng, vol.38, pp.1767-1779, 2010.

J. K. Mouw, J. T. Connelly, C. G. Wilson, K. E. Michael, and M. E. Levenston, Dynamic compression regulates the expression and synthesis of chondrocyte-specific matrix molecules in bone marrow stromal cells, Stem Cell, vol.25, pp.655-663, 2007.

B. Wattrisse, A. Chrysochoos, J. M. Muracciole, and M. N. Moz-gaillard, Analysis of strain localization during tensile tests by digital image correlation, Experimental Mechanics, vol.41, pp.29-39, 2001.

A. L. Olivares and D. Lacroix, Simulation of cell seeding within a threedimensional porous scaffold: a fluid-particle analysis, Tissue Eng. Part C Methods, vol.18, pp.624-655, 2012.
DOI : 10.1089/ten.tec.2011.0660

URL : http://europepmc.org/articles/pmc3401387?pdf=render

A. Baldit, A. Campos, M. Brunelli, C. Perrault, and D. Lacroix, Multiscale Simulation of Cell Migration for the Guidance of Tissue Growth. VPH Conf, vol.18, pp.624-631, 2014.

R. Hess, T. Douglas, K. A. Myers, B. Rentsch, and C. Rentsch, Hydrostatic pressure stimulation of human mesenchymal stem cells seeded on collagenbased artificial extracellular matrices, J Biomech Eng, vol.132, p.21001, 2010.
DOI : 10.1115/1.4000194

A. Sittichokechaiwut, J. H. Edwards, A. M. Scutt, and G. C. Reilly, Short bouts of mechanical loading are as effective as dexamethasone at inducing matrix production by human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell, Eur Cell Mater, vol.20, pp.45-57, 2010.

G. Friedl, H. Schmidt, I. Rehak, G. Kostner, and R. Windhager, Undifferentiated human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are highly sensitive to mechanical strain: Transcriptionally controlled early osteochondrogenic response in vitro, Osteoarthr Cartil, vol.15, pp.1293-1300, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2007.04.002

URL : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2007.04.002

H. J. Seo, Y. E. Cho, T. Kim, H. I. Shin, and I. S. Kwun, Zinc may increase bone formation through stimulating cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen synthesis in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, Nutr Res Pract, vol.4, pp.356-361, 2010.
DOI : 10.4162/nrp.2010.4.5.356

URL : http://synapse.koreamed.org/Synapse/Data/PDFData/0161NRP/nrp-4-356.pdf

E. E. Golub and K. Boesze-battaglia, The role of alkaline phosphatase in cartilage mineralization, Bone Miner, vol.17, pp.273-278, 1992.

H. C. Anderson, Matrix vesicles and calcification, Curr Rheumatol Rep, vol.5, pp.222-226, 2003.

R. K. Schneider, A. Puellen, R. Kramann, K. Raupach, and S. Neuss, The osteogenic differentiation of adult bone marrow and perinatal umbilical mesenchymal stem cells and matrix remodelling in three-dimensional collagen scaffolds, Biomaterial, vol.31, pp.467-480, 2010.

F. Mannello, G. M. Tonti, G. P. Bagnara, and S. Papa, Role and function of matrix metalloproteinases in the differentiation and biological characterization of mesenchymal stem cells, Stem Cell, vol.24, pp.475-481, 2006.

X. Yang, P. Gong, Y. Lin, L. Zhang, and X. Li, Cyclic tensile stretch modulates osteogenic differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells via the BMP-2 pathway, Arch Med Sci, vol.6, pp.152-159, 2010.

M. Ngiam, S. Liao, T. Ong-jun-jie, S. Xiaodi, and D. Yixiang, Effects of mechanical stimulation in osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells on aligned nanofibrous scaffolds, Bioact. Compat. Polym, vol.26, pp.56-70, 2010.

R. L. Mauck, B. A. Byers, X. Yuan, and R. S. Tuan, Regulation of cartilaginous ECM gene transcription by chondrocytes and MSCs in 3D culture in response to dynamic loading, Biomech Model Mechanobiol, vol.6, pp.113-125, 2007.

M. S. Thompson, D. R. Epari, F. Bieler, and G. N. Duda, In vitro models for bone mechanobiology: applications in bone regeneration and tissue engineering, Proc Inst Mech Eng Part H J Eng Med, vol.224, pp.1533-1541, 2010.

C. Moraes, Y. Sun, and C. A. Simmons, Micro) Managing the mechanical microenvironment, Integr Biol. (Camb), vol.3, pp.959-971, 2011.

M. H. Pham, Z. Buser, and F. L. Acosta, (ed) Bone and Cartilage Regeneration, In Vitro Mechanical Stimulation as Compared with Biochemical Stimuli, pp.255-264, 2016.

A. R. Stern, M. M. Stern, M. E. Van-dyke, and K. Jähn, Isolation and culture of primary osteocytes from the long bones of skeletally mature and aged mice, BioTechnique, vol.52, pp.361-373, 2012.

T. W. Pfeiler, R. D. Sumanasinghe, and E. G. Loboa, Finite element modeling of 3D human mesenchymal stem cell-seeded collagen matrices exposed to tensile strain, J Biomech, vol.41, pp.2289-2296, 2008.

M. Flaibani, E. Magrofuoco, and N. Elvassore, Computational Modeling of Cell Growth Heterogeneity in a Perfused 3D Scaffold, Ind. Eng Chem Res, vol.49, pp.859-869, 2010.

G. Yourek, S. M. Mccormick, J. J. Mao, and G. Reilly, Shear stress induces osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells, Regen Med, vol.5, pp.713-724, 2010.

S. Mathews, S. A. Mathew, P. K. Gupta, R. Bhonde, and S. Totey, Glycosaminoglycans enhance osteoblast differentiation of bone marrow derived human mesenchymal stem cells, J Tissue Eng Regen Med, vol.8, pp.143-152, 2014.