. Agence, . De, . Sanitaire, and . Aliments, Evaluation des risques liés à la présence de mycotoxines dans les chaînes alimentaires humaine et animale: rapport final mars, vol.339, pp.978-980, 2009.

. J. Alexander-n, . P. Mccormick-s, C. Waalwijk, . Van-der-lee, . Theo et al., The genetic basis for 3-ADON and 15-ADON trichothecene chemotypes in Fusarium, Fungal Genetics and Biology. mai, vol.48, pp.485-495, 2011.

. L. Alvarez-c, S. Somma, . H. Proctor-r, G. Stea, G. Mulè et al.,

, Genetic Diversity in Fusarium graminearum from a Major Wheat-Producing Region of Argentina ». Toxins (Basel). octobre 2011, vol.3, pp.1294-1309

. Andrews-s and J. I. Pitt, « Selective medium for isolation of Fusarium species and dematiaceous hyphomycetes from cereals, ». Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 6 janvier, vol.51, pp.1235-1238, 1986.

P. Astolfi, . M. Reynoso-m, . L. Ramirez-m, . N. Chulze-s, . C. Alves-t et al., Genetic population structure and trichothecene genotypes of Fusarium graminearum isolated from wheat in southern Brazil, Plant Pathology. 2012, vol.61, pp.289-295

. Bottalico-a and . Perrone-g, « Toxigenic Fusarium species and mycotoxins associated with head blight in small-grain cereals in Europe, European Journal of Plant Pathology, vol.108, pp.611-624, 2002.

. L. Boutigny-a, . J. Ward-t, . J. Van-coller-g, B. Flett, . C. Lamprecht-s et al.,

, Analysis of the Fusarium graminearum species complex from wheat, barley and maize in South Africa provides evidence of species-specific differences in host preference, » Fungal Genetics and Biology, vol.153, pp.914-920, 2011.

C. J. Rezanoor, H. N. Holden-d, . E. Desjardins-a, . D. Plattner-r, and . Nicholson-p, « Variation in pathogenicity associated with the genetic diversity of Fusarium graminearum, European Journal of Plant Pathology, vol.108, pp.573-583, 2002.

. Champeil-a, T. Doré, and J. Fourbet,

, Fusarium head blight: epidemiological origin of the effects of cultural practices on head blight attacks and the production of mycotoxins by Fusarium in wheat grains, Plant Science. juin, vol.166, pp.1389-1415, 2004.

. Dean-r, . A. Van-kan-j, . A. Pretorius-z, . E. Hammond-kosack-k, P. A. Di et al., The Top 10 fungal pathogens in molecular plant pathology, Molecular Plant Pathology

. Demeke-t, R. M. Clear, . K. Patrick-s, and . Gaba-d, « Species-specific PCR-based assays for the detection of Fusarium species and a comparison with the whole seed agar plate method and trichothecene analysis, International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol.15, issue.2005, pp.271-284

. E. Desjardins-a, Fusarium mycotoxins: chemistry, genetics and biology, vol.280, p.9780890543351, 2006.

. Desjardins-a and . Proctor-r.-«, Molecular biology of Fusarium mycotoxins ». International journal of food microbiology, vol.119, pp.47-50, 2007.

. Dorn-b, . Forrer-h.-r, S. Schürch, and . Vogelgsang-s, « Fusarium species complex on maize in Switzerland: occurrence, prevalence, impact and mycotoxins in commercial hybrids under natural infection, European Journal of Plant Pathology. 28 mars, vol.125, pp.51-61, 2009.

G. J. Fink- and . Mycotoxins, Their implications for human and animal health, vol.21, pp.115-120, 1999.

. Gautam, Type I host resistance and Trichothecene Accumulation in Fusarium-infected Wheat Heads, American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences. 1 février, vol.6, pp.231-241, 2011.

. Gerlach-w, H. Nirenberg, . B. Forstwirtschaft-b, and . Für-l, The genus Fusarium: a pictorial atlas, vol.412, p.9783489209003, 1982.

. Goertz-a, S. Zuehlke, M. Spiteller, . Steiner-u, H. Dehne et al.,

, « Fusarium species and mycotoxin profiles on commercial maize hybrids in Germany, European Journal of Plant Pathology, vol.128, pp.101-111, 2010.

. Ioos-r, . Belhadj-a, and . Menez-m, « Occurrence and distribution of Microdochium nivale and Fusarium species isolated from barley, durum and soft wheat grains in France from, vol.158, pp.351-362, 2000.

C. Jansen, . Wettstein-d, S. W. Von, . Kogel-k.-h, . Felk-a et al., Infection patterns in barley and wheat spikes inoculated with wild-type and trichodiene synthase gene disrupted Fusarium graminearum, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 15 novembre 2005, vol.102, pp.16892-16897

. Kang-z and . Buchenauer-h, « Studies on the infection process of Fusarium culmorum in wheat spikes: Degradation of host cell wall components and localization of trichothecene toxins in infected tissue, European Journal of Plant Pathology, vol.108, pp.653-660, 2002.

K. Makoto, . Takahashi-ando-n, T. Nishiuchi, S. Ohsato, T. Tokai et al., « Molecular biology and biotechnology for reduction of Fusarium mycotoxin contamination ». Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, vol.86, pp.117-123, 2006.

. Lee-t, K. Han-y.-k, and Y. Lee-y, Tri13 and Tri7 Determine Deoxynivalenol-and NivalenolProducing Chemotypes of Gibberella zeae, vol.68, pp.2148-2154, 2002.

J. F. Leslie, . A. Summerell-b, and . Bullock-s, The Fusarium Laboratory Manual, vol.414, p.9870813819196, 2006.

. Malihipour-a, J. Gilbert, . Piercey-normore-m, and . Cloutier-s, « Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis, Trichothecene Chemotype Patterns, and Variation in Aggressiveness of Fusarium Isolates Causing Head Blight in Wheat, Plant Disease, vol.96, pp.1016-1025, 2012.

. P. Mcmullen-m and . W. Stack-r, Fusarium head blight (Scab) of small grains

L. Disponible-sur and . Web,

G. Meca, . Zinedine-a, J. Blesa, and G. Font, « Further data on the presence of Fusarium emerging mycotoxins enniatins, fusaproliferin and beauvericin in cereals available on the Spanish markets ». Food Chemical Toxicology, vol.48, pp.1412-1416, 2010.

J. Merhej, . Richard-forget-f, and . Barreau-c, Regulation of trichothecene biosynthesis in Fusarium: recent advances and new insights ». Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 21 juin 2011, vol.91, pp.519-528

. Mongrain-d, . Couture-l, and . Comeau-a, « Natural occurrence of Fusarium graminearum on adult wheat midge and transmission to wheat spikes, ». Cereal Research Communications, vol.28, issue.2, pp.173-180, 2000.

. K. Nielsen-l, J. D. Jensen, . Rodríguez-a, . N. Jørgensen-l, and . F. Justesen-a, « TRI12 based quantitative realtime PCR assays reveal the distribution of trichothecene genotypes of F. graminearum and F. culmorum isolates in Danish small grain cereals, International Journal of Food Microbiology. juin 2012, vol.157, pp.384-392

D. K. O', H. C. Kistler, . K. Tacke-b, and H. H. Casper, « Gene genealogies reveal global phylogeographic structure and reproductive isolation among lineages of Fusarium graminearum, the fungus causing wheat scab, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U. S. A. 5 juillet 2000, vol.97, pp.7905-7910

D. K. O', . J. Ward-t, . M. Geiser-d, . Corby-kistler-h, and . Aoki-t, « Genealogical concordance between the mating type locus and seven other nuclear genes supports formal recognition of nine phylogenetically distinct species within the Fusarium graminearum clade, Fungal Genetics and Biology, vol.41, pp.600-623, 2004.

. E. Osborne-l and . Stein-j.-m, « Epidemiology of Fusarium head blight on small-grain cereals ». International journal of food microbiology, vol.119, pp.103-108, 2007.

P. Parikka, K. Hakala, and . Tiilikkala-k, « Expected shifts in Fusarium species' composition on cereal grain in Northern Europe due to climatic change ». Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A, pp.1-13, 2012.

P. D. Jenkinson-p and . Mcleod-l, « Fusarium Ear Blight (scab) in Small-Grain Cereals -a Review, Plant Pathology. avril, vol.44, pp.207-238, 1995.

. A. Pereyra-s, . Dill-macky-r, and . L. Sims-a, Survival and inoculum production of Gibberella zeae in wheat residue, vol.88, pp.724-730, 2004.

. R. Pirgozliev-s, . G. Edwards-s, . C. Hare-m, and . Jenkinson-peter, « Strategies for the control of Fusarium head blight in cereals ». European journal of plant pathology. Workshop of the EU COST Action 835 Agriculturally Important Toxigenic Fungi, pp.731-742, 2003.

. Placinta-c., . P. Mello-j, and . M. Macdonald-a,

, « A review of worldwide contamination of cereal grains and animal feed with Fusarium mycotoxins ». Animal Feed Science and Technology. 31 mars 1999, vol.78, pp.21-37

. Prodi-a, W. Purahong, S. Tonti, D. Salomoni, P. Nipoti et al., « Difference in chemotype composition of Fusarium graminearum populations isolated from durum wheat in adjacent areas separated by the Apennines in Northern-Central Italy, The Plant Pathology Journal. 1 décembre, vol.27, pp.354-359, 2011.

. Rocha-o, K. Ansari, and . Doohan-f.-m, Effects of trichothecene mycotoxins on eukaryotic cells: A review ». Food Additives and Contaminants, vol.22, pp.369-378, 2005.

. A. Sampietro-d, C. G. Díaz, . Gonzalez-v, M. A. Vattuone, . D. Ploper-l et al.,

, « Species diversity and toxigenic potential of Fusarium graminearum complex isolates from maize fields in northwest Argentina, International Journal of Food Microbiology. 31 janvier, vol.145, pp.359-364, 2011.

. A. Sarver-b, T. J. Ward, L. R. Gale, K. Broz, . Corby-kistler-h et al., Novel Fusarium head blight pathogens from Nepal and Louisiana revealed by multilocus genealogical concordance, Fungal Genetics and Biology. décembre, vol.48, pp.1096-1107, 2011.

J. Scauflaire, M. Gourgue, . Callebaut-a, and . Munaut-f, « Fusarium temperatum a mycotoxin-producing pathogen of maize, European Journal of Plant Pathology. 2012, vol.133, pp.911-922

J. Scauflaire, M. Gourgue, and . Munaut-f, « Fusarium temperatum sp. nov. from maize, an emergent species closely related to Fusarium subglutinans, Mycologia. 2011a, vol.103, pp.586-597

J. Scauflaire, O. Mahieu, J. Louvieaux, G. Foucart, and R. F. Munaut-f.-«, Biodiversity of Fusarium species in ears and stalks of maize plants in Belgium, European Journal of Plant Pathology. 2011b, vol.131, pp.59-66

M. Schollenberger, W. Drochner, and . Mueller-h, Fusarium toxins of the scirpentriol subgroup: a review ». Mycopathologia. septembre 2007, vol.164, pp.101-118

. J. Smith-b, . D. Holladay-s, and . L. Blaylock-b, Hematopoietic alterations after exposure to T-2 mycotoxin, Toxicon. septembre, vol.32, pp.1115-1123, 1994.

P. Sobrova, A. V. Vasatkova-a, M. Beklova, L. Zeman, and . Kizek-r, Deoxynivalenol and its toxicity ». Interdisciplinary Toxicology. 1 septembre 2010, vol.3, pp.94-99

. E. Sondergaard-t, . T. Hansen-f, S. Purup, . K. Nielsen-a, . C. Bonefeld-jørgensen-e et al., « Fusarin C acts like an estrogenic agonist and stimulates breast cancer cells in vitro, Toxicology Letters, vol.28, issue.2011, pp.116-121

J. M. Soriano, L. González, and . I. Catalá-a, « Mechanism of action of sphingolipids and their metabolites in the toxicity of fumonisin B1 ». Progress in Lipid Research, vol.44, pp.345-356, 2005.

. Spanic-v, M. Lemmens, and . Drezner-g, « Morphological and molecular identification of Fusarium species associated with head blight on wheat in East Croatia, European journal of plant pathology, vol.128, pp.511-516

. E. Starkey-d, . J. Ward-t, . Aoki-t, . R. Gale-l, H. C. Kistler et al., Global molecular surveillance reveals novel Fusarium head blight species and trichothecene toxin diversity, Fungal Genetics and Biology, vol.44, pp.1191-1204, 2007.

. A. Stenglein-s and . Fusarium-poae, A Pathogen That Needs More Attention, Journal of Plant Pathology. mars 2009, vol.91, pp.25-36

. S. Steyn-p and . Mycotoxins, general view, chemistry and structure ». Toxicology letters, vol.82, pp.843-851, 1995.

. A. Summerell-b, B. Salleh, and J. F. Leslie, A utilitarian approach to Fusarium identification, vol.87, pp.117-128, 2003.

. Talas-f, H. Parzies, and . Miedaner-t, « Diversity in genetic structure and chemotype composition of Fusarium graminearum sensu stricto populations causing wheat head blight in individual fields in Germany, European Journal of Plant Pathology, vol.131, pp.39-48, 2011.

M. Torp and H. I. Nirenberg, « Fusarium langsethiae sp. nov. on cereals in Europe, International Journal of Food Microbiology. 15 septembre, vol.95, pp.247-256, 2004.

Y. Ueno, Trichothecenes: chemical, biological, and toxicological aspects : Kodansha, vol.336, 1983.

. Vegi-a, . Schwarz-p, and . E. Wolf-hall-c, Quantification of Tri5 gene, expression, and deoxynivalenol production during the malting of barley, International Journal of Food Microbiology. novembre, vol.150, pp.150-156, 2011.

D. Verstraete-f.-«-;-barug, D. Bhatnagar, . Van-egmond, . Hp, J. W. Van-der-kamp et al., Decision-making process and overview of recent and future European Union legislation on mycotoxins in food and feed, The Mycotoxin Factbook, pp.51-82, 2006.

W. Ndoye, M. Zhang-j.-b, . Li-h.-p, and . Liao-y, Population Structure and Genetic Diversity of the Fusarium graminearum Species Complex ». Toxins. 19 août, vol.3, pp.1020-1037, 2011.

W. Todd, J. Randall-m, . P. Rooney-a, . O'donnell-k, D. Gaba et al., An adaptive evolutionary shift in Fusarium head blight pathogen populations is driving the rapid spread of more toxigenic Fusarium graminearum in North America ». Fungal Genetics and Biology, vol.45, pp.473-484, 2007.

. Xu-x, « Effects of environmental conditions on the development of Fusarium ear blight, European Journal of Plant Pathology. 2003, vol.109, pp.683-689

. Ylimäki-a, Mycoflora and Occurrence of Fusarium Toxins in Finnish Grain. Technical Research Centre of Finland, vol.28, p.9789513808006, 1979.

. Yli-mattila-t, T. Gagkaeva, . J. Ward-t, . Aoki-t, H. C. Kistler et al., A novel Asian clade within the Fusarium graminearum species complex includes a newly discovered cereal head blight pathogen from the Russian Far East, vol.101, pp.841-852, 2009.

Z. Li-h.-p, . Dang-f.-j, . Qu-b, . Xu-y.-b, . Zhao-c.-s et al., « Determination of the trichothecene mycotoxin chemotypes and associated geographical distribution and phylogenetic species of the Fusarium graminearum clade from China, vol.111, pp.967-975, 2007.