L. Berger, Emission of spin waves by a magnetic multilayer traversed by a current, Phys. Rev. B, vol.54, pp.9353-9358, 1996.

J. C. Slonczewski, Current-driven excitation of magnetic multilayers, J. Magn. Magn. Mater, vol.159, pp.1-7, 1996.

M. Tsoi, Excitation of a magnetic multilayer by an electric current, Phys. Rev. Lett, vol.80, pp.4281-4284, 1998.

E. B. Myers, D. C. Ralph, J. A. Katine, R. N. Louie, and R. A. Buhrman, Current-induced switching of domains in magnetic multilayer devices, Science, vol.285, pp.867-870, 1999.

J. Z. Sun, Current-driven magnetic switching in manganite trilayer junctions, J. Magn. Magn. Mater, vol.202, pp.157-162, 1999.

J. A. Katine, F. J. Albert, R. A. Buhrman, E. B. Myers, and D. C. Ralph, Current-driven magnetization reversal and spin-wave excitations in Co/Cu/Co pillars, Phys. Rev. Lett, vol.84, pp.3149-3152, 2000.

S. I. Kiselev, Spin-transfer excitations of permalloy nanopillars for large applied currents, Phys. Rev. B, vol.72, p.64430, 2005.

J. Xiao, A. Zangwill, and M. D. Stiles, Macrospin models of spin transfer dynamics, Phys. Rev. B, vol.72, p.14446, 2005.

B. A. Gurney, Ultrathin Magnetic Structures IV: Applications of Nanomagnetism, pp.149-174, 2005.

J. C. Slonczcewski, Currents and torques in metallic magnetic multilayers, J. Magn. Magn. Mater, vol.247, pp.324-338, 2002.

L. Berger, Relation between giant magnetoresistance and critical current for spin precession in magnetic multilayers, Phys. Rev. B, vol.72, p.100402, 2005.

J. Barnas, A. Fert, M. Gmitra, I. Weymann, and V. K. Dugaev, From giant magnetoresistance to current-induced switching by spin transfer, Phys. Rev. B, vol.72, p.24426, 2005.

G. Schmidt, Concepts for spin injection into semiconductors-a review, J. Phys. D, vol.38, pp.107-122, 2005.
DOI : 10.1088/0022-3727/38/7/r01

Y. Jiang, Substantial reduction of critical current for magnetization switching in an exchange-biased spin valve, Nature Mater, vol.3, pp.361-364, 2004.

S. Urazhdin, N. O. Birge, W. P. Pratt, and J. Bass, Switching current versus magnetoresistance in magnetic multilayer nanopillars, Appl. Phys. Lett, vol.84, pp.1516-1518, 2004.

P. M. Braganca, Reducing the critical current for short-pulse spin-transfer switching of nanomagnets, Appl. Phys. Lett, vol.87, p.112507, 2005.

A. D. Kent, B. Ozyilmaz, and E. Del-barco, Spin-transfer-induced precessional magnetization reversal, Appl. Phys. Lett, vol.84, pp.3897-3899, 2004.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1739271

K. J. Lee, O. Redon, and B. Dieny, Analytical investigation of spin-transfer dynamics using a perpendicular-to-plane polarizer, Appl. Phys. Lett, vol.86, p.22505, 2005.

B. Ozyilmaz, Current-induced magnetization reversal in high magnetic fields in Co/Cu/Co nanopillars, Phys. Rev. Lett, vol.91, p.67203, 2003.

S. I. Kiselev, Current-induced nanomagnet dynamics for magnetic fields perpendicular to the sample plane, Phys. Rev. Lett, vol.93, p.36601, 2004.

W. H. Rippard, M. R. Pufall, S. Kaka, T. J. Silva, and S. E. Russek, Current-driven microwave dynamics in magnetic point contacts as a function of applied field angle, Phys. Rev. B, vol.70, p.100406, 2004.

B. Ozyilmaz, A. D. Kent, M. J. Rooks, and J. Z. Sun, Bipolar high-field excitations in Co/Cu/Co nanopillars, Phys. Rev. B, vol.71, p.140403, 2005.

G. H. Daalderop, P. J. Kelly, and F. J. Broeder, Prediction and confirmation of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in Co/Ni multilayers, Phys. Rev. Lett, vol.68, pp.682-685, 1992.

G. Hu, T. Thomson, C. T. Rettner, S. Raoux, and B. D. Terris, Magnetization reversal in Co/Pd nanostructures and films, J. Appl. Phys, vol.97, pp.10-702, 2005.

D. Lacour, J. A. Katine, N. Smith, M. J. Carey, and J. R. Childress, Thermal effects on the magnetic-field dependence of spin-transfer-induced magnetization reversal, Appl. Phys. Lett, vol.85, pp.4681-4683, 2004.

K. J. Lee, A. Deac, O. Redon, J. P. Nozieres, and B. Dieny, Excitations of incoherent spin-waves due to spin-transfer torque, Nature Mater, vol.3, pp.877-881, 2004.

C. H. Back and H. C. Siegmann, Ultrashort magnetic field pulses and the elementary process of magnetization reversal, J. Magn. Magn. Mater, vol.200, pp.774-785, 1999.