La puissance des répétitions des phrases des pensées positives (RPPP) : un outil efficace de traitement contre les troubles psychologiques (dépression, anxiété et stress). Une étude pilote contrôlée et randomisée

Abstract : Introduction * Mental and psychological troubles are common symptoms in students. Depression, anxiety and stress in mental and psychological troubles (MPSYT) takes a predominantly verbal form, as if talking to oneself about possible negative outcomes. We suggested that verbal depression, verbal anxiety and verbal stress may be a strategy to avoid more distressing emotional representations, such as negative thinking or images. Verbal depression, anxiety and stress lead to temporary reductions in MPSYT, it can maintain negative thought intrusions in the longer term. This suggests that verbal thinking style plays a causal role in maintaining intrusions, perhaps serving to trigger subsequent depressive and anxious episodes and psychological distress. * Objective * The current study examined alternative approaches to reducing depression, anxiety and stress by allocating volunteers to conditions in which they either practiced replacing the usual form of depression, anxiety and stress with repeating phrases of Positive Thoughts (RPPT) represented verbally. This research aims to attract the attention of carers on the positive cognitions as an effective treatment against various psychological disorders among students. The objective of this study was the first to evaluate the short-term effects of the method of Repeating Phrases of Positive Thoughts (RPPT). * Method * The total sample consisted of 44 students (11 men and 33 women) from the University of Caen, aged 18 to 23 years. It is composed of two groups: experimental group (21 persons aged 18 to 23 years) and control group (23 participants aged 18 to 23 years). The method of RPPT involved generating positive thoughts related or not related to MPSYT. Participants received training in the designated method and then practiced it for one week, before attending for reassessment. * Results * Experimental group benefited from training, with decreases in depression, anxiety and stress, and significant differences between experimental and control groups. The results show a significant improvement in psychological disturbances throughout the experimental group (p<0.05) and a significant reduction in stress following the RPPT protocol (p<0.01), less anxiety (p<0.001) and also less depression (p<0.05). The short-term effect RPPT (repeating phrases positive thoughts) is significant. Female gender and a low score of psychological disorders have emerged as two independent variables predictive of a good response to treatment (Repeating Phrases of Positive Thoughts: RPPT). The replacement of depression anxiety or stress with different forms of positive cognitions and ideation, even when unrelated to the content of depression itself, anxiety itself or stress itself, seems to have similar beneficial effects, suggesting that any form of positive cognitions and ideation can be used to effectively counter psychological troubles. Treatment and remission of depression are implemented by repetition of positive thoughts. They allow to significantly reduce depressive symptoms, anxious and stress, with a maintained effect and significant short term and thus can improve the mental health of subjects. * Conclusion * The positive cognitions can improve the treatment of depression, anxiety and stress among students, their psychological well-being and quality of life. The RPTs are proposed here as a fast treatment against MPSYT. This effective tool can be offered in therapy and has great ease of implementation. These results must be confirmed by clinical and comparative studies. The results show improved stress control capabilities, improved mood and anxiety. So RPPT of intervention has proved beneficial for students. More subjects repeat phrases with a very positive sense, more depression, anxiety and stress decreases. Unlike medicinal treatments, there is no consumption limit or adverse side effects. Considering the possible positive effects on prognosis, detection, diagnosis levels and assessment of change in psychotherapy, more studies should be addressed in this regard.
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Muaweah Alsaleh, Romain Lebreuilly, Manuel Tostain, Joëlle Lebreuilly. La puissance des répétitions des phrases des pensées positives (RPPP) : un outil efficace de traitement contre les troubles psychologiques (dépression, anxiété et stress). Une étude pilote contrôlée et randomisée. Annales Médico-Psychologiques, Revue Psychiatrique, Elsevier Masson, 2018, 176 (5), pp.438-447. ⟨10.1016/j.amp.2017.01.023⟩. ⟨hal-02313685⟩

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