The relationship between negative and positive cognition and psychopathological states in adults aged 18 to 20

Abstract : We have examined the relationships between positive and negative thinking and depression and anxiety. A total of 102 students have participated in this study. The Negative Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire and Positive Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire were used to evaluate negative and positive thoughts, respectively. The Beck Depression Inventory and the Beck Anxiety Inventory were used to assess psychopathological states. Depression was correlated with negative thinking (r= 0.77; p<0.01) and gender (r= 0.13; p<0.05), and inversely correlated with positive thinking (r= -0.45; p<0.01). Multiple linear regressions showed that both negative and positive thinking affected depression (F= 148.04 and F= 13.86, respectively; p<0.01). Anxiety was correlated with negative thinking (r= 0.62; p<0.01), and inversely correlated with positive thinking (r= 0.31; p<0.01) and gender (r= -0.11; p<0.05). Depressed, non-anxious participants had higher negative thinking scores (p<0.05) than non-depressed, non-anxious subjects who had lower positive thinking scores (p<0.05) than non-depressed, non-anxious ones. Depression and anxiety were explained by negative thinking more than positive thinking. A decrease in depression and anxiety could be linked to a decrease in negative thoughts rather than an increase in positive thoughts. Both negative and positive thoughts may contribute to a more precise prediction of depression and anxiety levels.
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Muaweah Alsaleh, Romain Lebreuilly, Joëlle Lebreuilly, Manuel Tostain. The relationship between negative and positive cognition and psychopathological states in adults aged 18 to 20. Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive, Elsevier Masson, 2016, 26 (2), pp.79-90. ⟨10.1016/j.jtcc.2016.02.002⟩. ⟨hal-02313688⟩

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