Collisional and alteration history of the CM parent body

Abstract : Boriskino is a little studied CM2 chondrite composed of millimeter-sized clasts of different lithologies and degrees of alteration. Boriskino thus offers a good opportunity to better understand the preaccretionary alteration history and collisional evolution that took place on the CM parent body. The least altered lithology displays 16O-poor Type 1a calcite and aragonite grains (δ18O ≈ 30-37‰, δ17O ≈ 15-18‰ and Δ17O ≈ -2 to 0‰, SMOW) that precipitated early, before the establishment of the petrofabric, from a fluid whose isotopic composition was established by isotopic exchange between a 16O-poor water and 16O-rich anhydrous silicates. In contrast, the more altered lithologies exhibit 16O-rich Type 2a and veins of calcite (δ18O ≈ 17-23‰, δ17O ≈ 6-9‰ and Δ17O ≈ -4 to -1‰, SMOW) that precipitated after establishment of the deformation, from transported 16O-rich fluid in preexisting fractures. From our petrographic and X-ray tomographic results, we propose that the more altered lithologies of Boriskino were subjected to high intensity impact(s) (10-30 GPa) that produced a petrofabric, fractures and chondrule flattening. Taking all our results together, we propose a scenario for the deformation and alteration history of Boriskino, in which the petrographic and isotopic differences between the lithologies are explained by their separate locations into a single CM parent body. Based on the δ13C-δ18O values of the Boriskino Type 2a calcite (δ13C ≈ 30-71‰, PDB), we propose an alternative δ13C-δ18O model where the precipitation of Type 2a calcite can occurred in an open system environment with the escape of 13C-depleted CH4 produced from the reduction of C-bearing species by H2 released during serpentinization or kamacite corrosion. Assuming a mean precipitation temperature of 110°C, the observed δ13C variability in T2a calcite can be reproduced by the escape of ≈ 15-50% of dissolved carbon into CH4 by Rayleigh distillation.
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Lionel Vacher, Yves Marrocchi, Johan Villeneuve, Maximilien Verdier-Paoletti, Matthieu Gounelle. Collisional and alteration history of the CM parent body. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2018, 239, pp.213-234. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2018.08.006⟩. ⟨hal-02357533⟩

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