Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Improved Detection and Evaluation of Depression in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: Validity and Reliability of Screening (PHQ-2) and Diagnostic (BDI-FS-Fr) Tests of Depression in Chronic Kidney Disease

Abstract : Objective: Depression is underdiagnosed and thus undertreated. This study aimed to validate the French version of the PHQ-2 (Patient Health Questionnaire-2) and BDF-FS-Fr (Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen-France) on patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) living in France. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 109 patients of the Centre universitaire de maladies rénales, Centre Hospi-talier Universitaire (CHU) de Caen (37 patients with CKD on pre-dialysis and grafting stage, 36 grafted patients, and 36 dialyzed patients). Statistical Approach: Test parameters and statistical aspects of assessing diagnostic and screening tests were used, including knowledge of and ability to calculate, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, diagnostic odds ratios, and the use of ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curves. Results: PHQ-2 and BDI-FS-Fr statistical parameters for depression tested very positively and had a satisfactory AUC (area under the curve). The PHQ-2 had a satisfactory AUC > 0.70, sensitivity > 0.60, and specificity > 0.80. The BDI-FS-Fr had a satisfactory area under the curve (0.859) with sensitivity (83%) and specificity (0.859); and internal consistency (α = 0.668). The PHQ-2 and BDI-FS-Fr showed good internal and external validity of structure, construct validity, criterion validity, discriminant validity, internal consistency, and factorial validity. Conclusion: The French versions of the PHQ-2 and BDI-FS have highly favorable psychometric properties. These instruments are valid self-assessment tools for screening and evaluating depression, its intensity, and its evolution. The PHQ-2 and BDI-FS-Fr thus have very good psychometric properties and are useful tools for researchers and practitioners. Regarding clinical practice in the hospital, clinicians and nurses can use the PHQ-2 to screen quickly for depression during routine consultations, during hospitalization, and in dialysis centers. The 7 items of the BDI-FS-Fr enable us to assess the depressive state, thereby avoiding a false diagnosis of depression among CKD patients in a clinical setting.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02410338
Contributor : Romain Lebreuilly <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 13, 2019 - 6:08:13 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 29, 2020 - 3:41:52 PM

Links full text

Identifiers

Citation

Muaweah Alsaleh, Ludivine Videloup, Thierry Lobbedez, Joëlle Lebreuilly, Rémy Morello, et al.. Improved Detection and Evaluation of Depression in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: Validity and Reliability of Screening (PHQ-2) and Diagnostic (BDI-FS-Fr) Tests of Depression in Chronic Kidney Disease. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, Elsevier, 2019, 5 (4), pp.228-238. ⟨10.1159/000497352⟩. ⟨hal-02410338⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

113