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Antimicrobial stewardship programmes in nursing homes: a systematic review and inventory of tools

Abstract : Background Antimicrobial overuse/misuse is common in nursing homes and although the effectiveness of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programmes has been well explored and demonstrated in hospitals, data are scarce for the nursing-home setting. Our objectives for this systematic review were to make an inventory of: (i) all interventions that could be considered as part of AMS programmes in nursing homes; and (ii) all stewardship tools and guidance that are freely available. Methods We performed a systematic review using the MEDLINE database from inception to June 2018, including all interventional studies, reviews, opinion pieces and guidelines/guidance exploring AMS programmes in nursing homes. For the inventory of freely available tools and guidance to help implement an AMS programme, we also performed screening of professional societies and official agencies’ websites and a questionnaire survey among a panel of international experts. Results A total of 36 articles were included in our systematic review. Most interventions took place in North America and have explored education or persuasive interventions within multifaceted interventions, showing that they can improve guideline adherence and decrease antibiotic use and unnecessary microbiological testing. Most reviews also highlighted the importance of accountability, monitoring and feedback. A large number of tools (156) available for free on the internet were identified, mostly about education, patient assessment and outcome measurement. Conclusions Although high-quality interventional studies are lacking, multifaceted interventions including education, monitoring and feedback seem the most promising strategy. Many tools are available on the internet and can be used to help implement AMS programmes in nursing homes.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02496560
Contributor : Sylvie Vialaron <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 3, 2020 - 10:03:16 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 9, 2021 - 3:49:34 PM

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Martin Belan, Nathalie Thilly, Céline Pulcini. Antimicrobial stewardship programmes in nursing homes: a systematic review and inventory of tools. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2020, 75 (6), pp.1390-1397. ⟨10.1093/jac/dkaa013⟩. ⟨hal-02496560⟩

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