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Burnout académique en doctorat. Validation d’une échelle de burnout adaptée aux étudiants francophones en doctorat

Abstract : Objectives Academic burnout is a major public health issue, especially among PhD students who are particularly vulnerable to the syndrome. Although early identification of burnout would prevent its effects on mental health and academic performance, the validation of such instrument in French adapted to the specificities of PhD students still had to be established. Materiel and methods This study proposes the validation of a PhD student academic burnout scale (MBI-SS-D) adapted from the French version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS). No less than 1150 PhD students from more than ten courses in France answered the online questionnaire. There were still 862 of them at the retest 6 months later. Results Exploratory and confirmatory factorial analyses at both times irremediably confirmed the three-dimensional structure of burnout (emotional exhaustion, cynicism, academic self-efficacy). The alpha and omega indices close to.80 and the split-half coefficients between.70 and.89 reinforced this observation. In addition, the metric and structural invariance tests proved the high test-retest stability of MBI-SS-D up to the most stringent criterion. Regarding divergent validity, the burnout measure was negatively related to both optimism (Rs = − .41; P < .001) and resilience (Rs = − .32; P < .001). Conclusions The MBI-SS-D shows real psychometric qualities. It is currently the only French-language tool that provides a valid measure of academic burnout for research or clinical practice purposes among PhD students.
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Contributor : Charles Martin-Krumm <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 7, 2020 - 3:24:47 PM
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Guillaume Broc, Rébecca Shankland, C Martin-Krumm, Sara Carter, Evelyne Bouteyre Verdier. Burnout académique en doctorat. Validation d’une échelle de burnout adaptée aux étudiants francophones en doctorat. Annales Médico-Psychologiques, Revue Psychiatrique, Elsevier Masson, 2020, 178 (5), pp.517-524. ⟨10.1016/j.amp.2019.01.011⟩. ⟨hal-02932133⟩



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