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Mechanical properties evolution of a PLGA-PLCL composite scaffold for ligament tissue engineering under static and cyclic traction-torsion in vitro culture conditions

Abstract : This study aims to investigate the in vitro degradation of a poly(L-lactic-co-glycolic acid)-poly(L-lactic-co-ɛ-caprolactone) (PLGA-PLCL) composite scaffold’s mechanical properties under static culture condition and 2 h period per day of traction-torsion cyclic culture conditions of simultaneous 10% uniaxial strain and 90° of torsion cycles at 0.33 Hz. Scaffolds were cultured in static conditions, during 28 days, with or without cell seeded or under dynamic conditions during 14 days in a bioreactor. Scaffolds’ biocompatibility and proliferation were investigated with Alamar Blue tests and cell nuclei staining. Scaffolds’ mechanical properties were tested during degradation by uniaxial traction test. The PLGA-PLCL composite scaffold showed a good cytocompatibility and a high degree of colonization in static conditions. Mechanical tests showed a competition between two process of degradation which have been associated to hydrolytic and enzymatic degradation for the reinforce yarn in poly(L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA). The enzymatic degradation led to a decrease effect on mechanical properties of cell-seeded scaffolds during the 21st days, but the hydrolytic degradation was preponderant at day 28. In conclusion, the structure of this scaffold is adapted to culture in terms of biocompatibility and cell orientation (microfiber) but must be improved by delaying the degradation of it reinforce structure in PLGA.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00867834
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Submitted on : Monday, September 30, 2013 - 3:30:21 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 19, 2021 - 11:27:32 AM

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Cyril Kahn, Kahina Ziani, Ye Min Zang, Jian Liu, Nguyen Tran, et al.. Mechanical properties evolution of a PLGA-PLCL composite scaffold for ligament tissue engineering under static and cyclic traction-torsion in vitro culture conditions. Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition, Taylor & Francis, 2012, 24 (8), pp.899-911. ⟨10.1080/09205063.2012.727265⟩. ⟨hal-00867834⟩

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