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Surface characteristics of PLA and PLGA films

Abstract : Surface segregation and restructuring in polylactides (poly(d,l-lactide) and poly(l-lactide)) and poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) films of various thicknesses were investigated using both attenuated total reflection FTIR (ATR-FTIR) and contact angle relaxation measurements. In case of poly(d,l-lactide) (DLPLA), it was observed that the surface segregation and the surface restructuring of methyl side groups are influenced by the polymer film thickness. This result has been confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In the same way, PLGA thick films were also characterized by an extensive surface segregation of methyl side groups. Finally, surface restructuring was investigated by dynamic contact angle measurements and it was observed when film surface comes into contact with water. In parallel, we also found that poly(l-lactide) (PLLA) thin and clear films with thickness 15 μm undergo conformational changes on the surface upon solvent treatment with certain solvents. The solvent treated surface of PLLA becomes hazy and milky white and its hydrophobicity increases compared to untreated surface. FTIR spectroscopic analysis indicated that polymer chains at the surface undergo certain conformational changes upon solvent treatment. These changes are identified as the restricted motions of C–O–C segments and more intense and specific vibrations of methyl side groups. During solvent treatment, the change in water contact angle and FTIR spectrum of PLLA is well correlated.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 14, 2006 - 1:51:30 PM
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Paragkumar N. Thanki, Edith Dellacherie, J.L. Six. Surface characteristics of PLA and PLGA films. Applied Surface Science, Elsevier, 2006, 253 (5), pp.2758-2764. ⟨10.1016/j.apsusc.2006.05.047⟩. ⟨hal-00120340⟩



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