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Journal Articles Church History and Religious Culture Year : 2020

The French Church of Maastricht


The French Reformed church of Maastricht, founded in 1632 following the Dutch takeover of the city, was a geographically isolated institution within the Dutch Republic. This isolation was reinforced by the city’s unique status, which allowed the public exercise of Catholicism. Within this context, and situated next to the hostile Principality of Liège, the French church had to develop survival strategies and establish relations not only with the States-General and the Walloon synod, but also with the urban authorities and the Dutch Reformed church, in order to withstand the influence of Catholicism. Yet even though Maastricht was on the confessional and military front line—a place of passage for merchants, refugees, and Catholic clergymen—the French Protestant community survived the French occupation of 1673–1678 and managed to absorb the massive influx of Huguenot refugees from 1686 onwards.
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hal-02975067 , version 1 (22-10-2020)



Julien Léonard. The French Church of Maastricht: An Isolated Community in the Dutch Refuge (1632–1686). Church History and Religious Culture, 2020, 100 (4), pp.463-486. ⟨10.1163/18712428-bja10009⟩. ⟨hal-02975067⟩
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