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Catheter Treatment of Ventricular Tachycardia: A Reference-Less Pace-Mapping Method to Identify Ablation Targets

Abstract : Objective: A novel method is developed to identify ablation targets for the catheter treatment of ventricular tachycardia (VT). Methods: The method is based on pace-mapping, which is a validated technique to determine the catheter ablation targets. Conventionally, it consists of stimulating the heart ventricle from various sites and comparing the resulting activation pathways to that of a clinical VT by the analysis of surface electrocardiograms (ECG). In this paper, a novel pace-mapping method is presented, which does not require a reference ECG recording of the VT. A three-dimensional correlation gradient map is reconstructed by semiautomatic analysis of ECG morphological changes within the network of pace-mapping sites. In these maps, abnormal points are identified by high correlation gradient values (i.e., corresponding to slow propagation of the electric influx, as in the core of the reentrant VT circuit). The relation between the conventional and reference-less method is described theoretically and evaluated in a retrospective study including 24 VT ablation procedures. Results: The "reference-less" method was able to identify normal points with a high accuracy (negative predictive value: NPV = 97%), and to detect more abnormal points, as predicted by the theory. Correlation gradients computed by the proposed method were significantly higher in ablation zones than in other zones of the ventricle (p < 10-12), indicating excellent prediction of the ablation targets. Significance: The reference-less method might either be used in complement of the conventional method or to treat patients in whom VT cannot be induced during the intervention.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03208804
Contributor : Christian de Chillou <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 26, 2021 - 7:02:26 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 7, 2021 - 8:59:59 AM

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Freddy Odille, Alberto Battaglia, Philip Hoyland, Jean-Marc Sellal, Damien Voilliot, et al.. Catheter Treatment of Ventricular Tachycardia: A Reference-Less Pace-Mapping Method to Identify Ablation Targets. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2019, 66 (11), pp.3278-3287. ⟨10.1109/TBME.2019.2903631⟩. ⟨hal-03208804⟩

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