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Phytophthora pluvialis Studies on Douglas-fir Require Swiss Needle Cast Suppression

Abstract : Phytophthora pluvialis is associated with early defoliation and shoot dieback in Douglas-fir in Oregon and New Zealand. In 2013, P. pluvialis was described from mixed tanoak-Douglas-fir forests in the Pacific Northwest and concurrently recognized as the main causal agent of red needle cast (RNC) in New Zealand radiata pine plantations. Little is known about its infection cycle and impact on host physiology. P. pluvialis studies in Douglas-fir are challenging due to the ubiquitous presence of the endophyte Phaeocryptopus gaeumannii, which produces similar symptoms and premature defoliation with persistent needle wetness, known as Swiss needle cast (SNC). Nonetheless, our study showed P. pluvialis infection in the presence of SNC. Exclusive expression of P. pluvialis is difficult to achieve as both diseases are promoted by high humidity. Here we established a ‘dry leaf’ strategy to suppress SNC when inoculating Douglas-fir needles for RNC studies. Sheltering plants along with drip irrigation to avoid needle wetness during the P. gaeumannii sporulation period suppressed its development in the new season flush. The diminished endophyte inoculum enabled bias-reduced studies of P. pluvialis impacts on Douglas-fir without the confounding effects of stomatal blockage and premature defoliation caused by P. gaeumannii.
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Contributor : Mireia Gomez Gallego <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 7, 2021 - 1:26:08 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 8, 2021 - 3:09:00 AM

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Mireia Gómez-Gallego, Martin Karl-Friedrich Bader, Peter Matthew Scott, Sebastian Leuzinger, Nari Michelle Williams. Phytophthora pluvialis Studies on Douglas-fir Require Swiss Needle Cast Suppression. Plant Disease, American Phytopathological Society, 2017, 101 (7), pp.1259-1262. ⟨10.1094/PDIS-12-16-1738-RE⟩. ⟨hal-03220691⟩



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