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Does Clot Burden Score on Baseline T2*-MRI Impact Clinical Outcome in Acute Ischemic Stroke Treated with Mechanical Thrombectomy?

Abstract : Background and Purpose A long clot, defined by a low (0-6) clot burden score (CBS) assessed by T2*-MR sequence, is associated with worse clinical outcome after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) for acute ischemic stroke than is a small clot (CBS, 7-10). The added benefit of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) might be higher in patients with long clot. The aim of this pre-specified post hoc analysis of the THRombectomie des Artères CErebrales (THRACE) trial was to assess the association between T2*-CBS, successful recanalization and clinical outcome. Methods Of 414 patients randomized in the THRACE trial, 281 patients were included in this analysis. Associations between T2*-CBS and clinical outcome on the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 3 months were tested. Results High T2*-CBS, i.e., small clot, was associated with a shift toward better outcome on the mRS; proportional odds ratio (POR) per point CBS was 1.19 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05 to 1.34) in the whole population, 1.34 (95% CI, 1.13 to 1.59) in IVT group, and 1.04 (95% CI, 0.87 to 1.23) in IVTMT group. After adjustment for baseline prognostic variables, the effect of the full scale T2*-CBS was not statistically significant in the whole population and for the IVTMT group but remains significant for the IVT group (POR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.11 to 1.58). Conclusions A small clot, as assessed using T2*-CBS, is associated with improved outcome and may be used as a prognostic marker. Despite the worst outcome with long clot, the relative benefit of MT over IVT seemed to increase with low T2*-CBS and longer clot.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03231086
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 20, 2021 - 2:15:39 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 3, 2021 - 12:13:22 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, August 21, 2021 - 6:39:49 PM

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Imad Derraz, Romain Bourcier, Marc Soudant, Sébastien Soize, Wagih Ben Hassen, et al.. Does Clot Burden Score on Baseline T2*-MRI Impact Clinical Outcome in Acute Ischemic Stroke Treated with Mechanical Thrombectomy?. Journal of Stroke, Korean Stroke Society, 2019, 21 (1), pp.91-100. ⟨10.5853/jos.2018.01921⟩. ⟨hal-03231086⟩

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