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Identification of a constitutive law for trabecular bone samples under remodeling in the framework of irreversible thermodynamics

Abstract : We construct in the present paper constitutive models for bone remodeling based on micromechanical analyses at the scale of a representative unit cell (RUC) including a porous trabecular microstructure. The time evolution of the microstructure is simulated as a surface remodeling process by relating the surface growth remodeling velocity to a surface driving force incorporating a (surface) Eshelby tensor. Adopting the framework of irreversible thermodynamics, a 2D constitutive model based on the setting up of the free energy density and a dissipation potential is identified from FE simulations performed over a unit cell representative of the trabecular architecture obtained from real bone microstructures. The static and evolutive effective properties of bone at the scale of the RUC are obtained by combining a methodology for the evaluation of the average kinematic and static variables over a prototype unit cell and numerical simulations with controlled imposed first gradient rates. The formulated effective growth constitutive law at the scale of the homogenized set of trabeculae within the RUC is of viscoplastic type and relates the average growth strain rate to the homogenized stress tensor. The postulated model includes a power law function of an effective stress chosen to depend on the first and second stress invariants. The model coefficients are calibrated from a set of virtual testing performed over the RUC subjected to a sequence of loadings. Numerical simulations show that overall bone growth does not show any growth kinematic hardening. The obtained results quantify the strength and importance of different types of external loads (uniaxial tension, simple shear, and biaxial loading) on the overall remodeling process and the development of elastic deformations within the RUC.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03311735
Contributor : Jean-François GANGHOFFER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, August 2, 2021 - 8:37:06 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:54:44 PM

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Zineeddine Louna, Ibrahim Goda, Jean-François Ganghoffer. Identification of a constitutive law for trabecular bone samples under remodeling in the framework of irreversible thermodynamics. Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Springer Verlag, 2018, 30 (3), pp.529-551. ⟨10.1007/s00161-018-0619-9⟩. ⟨hal-03311735⟩

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