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Osmotic stress and vesiculation as key mechanisms controlling bacterial sensitivity and resistance to TiO2 nanoparticles

Abstract : Abstract Toxicity mechanisms of metal oxide nanoparticles towards bacteria and underlying roles of membrane composition are still debated. Herein, the response of lipopolysaccharide-truncated Escherichia coli K12 mutants to TiO 2 nanoparticles (TiO 2 NPs, exposure in dark) is addressed at the molecular, single cell, and population levels by transcriptomics, fluorescence assays, cell nanomechanics and electrohydrodynamics. We show that outer core-free lipopolysaccharides featuring intact inner core increase cell sensitivity to TiO 2 NPs. TiO 2 NPs operate as membrane strippers, which induce osmotic stress, inactivate cell osmoregulation and initiate lipid peroxidation, which ultimately leads to genesis of membrane vesicles. In itself, truncation of lipopolysaccharide inner core triggers membrane permeabilization/depolarization, lipid peroxidation and hypervesiculation. In turn, it favors the regulation of TiO 2 NP-mediated changes in cell Turgor stress and leads to efficient vesicle-facilitated release of damaged membrane components. Remarkably, vesicles further act as electrostatic baits for TiO 2 NPs, thereby mitigating TiO 2 NPs toxicity. Altogether, we highlight antagonistic lipopolysaccharide-dependent bacterial responses to nanoparticles and we show that the destabilized membrane can generate unexpected resistance phenotype.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 27, 2021 - 7:39:54 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 3:38:05 PM


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Christophe Pagnout, Angelina Razafitianamaharavo, Bénédicte Sohm, Céline Caillet, Audrey Beaussart, et al.. Osmotic stress and vesiculation as key mechanisms controlling bacterial sensitivity and resistance to TiO2 nanoparticles. Communications Biology, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 4 (1), pp.678. ⟨10.1038/s42003-021-02213-y⟩. ⟨hal-03325793⟩



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