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Alerting, orienting, and executive control in intellectually gifted children

Abstract : Introduction: Intellectually gifted children have higher performance in many domains of attention than intellectually average children. However, these empirical findings are not consistent in the literature. Few studies investigated the characteristics of alerting, orienting, and executive control networks in intellectually gifted children. The aim of our study was to investigate their characteristics of attentional abilities compared to intellectually average children.Method: Fifty-five intellectually gifted children (age range 8–14years old) were compared to 55 intellectually average children (age range 8–14years old) using the Attention Network Test (ANT) to assess these three attentional constructs.Results: Intellectually gifted children made fewer errors than intellectually average children in the processing of the ANT. In terms of attention network scores, they also outperformed intellectually average children in executive control only.Conclusion: Intellectually gifted children do not differ from intellectual average chil-dren in terms of the speed of processing in a speeded task such as ANT, but they stand out in terms of accuracy of processing. Intellectually gifted children have better ability to focus volitionally in order to solve a simple perceptual conflict than intel-lectually average children.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03347006
Contributor : Alexandre Aubry Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 5:29:20 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 11:26:10 AM

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Alexandre Aubry, Béatrice Bourdin. Alerting, orienting, and executive control in intellectually gifted children. Brain and Behavior, Wiley Open Access, 2021, 11 (8), pp.e02148. ⟨10.1002/brb3.2148⟩. ⟨hal-03347006⟩

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