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Journal Articles Biomedicines Year : 2021

Ovarian Telomerase and Female Fertility

Abstract

Women’s fertility is characterized both quantitatively and qualitatively mainly by the pool of ovarian follicles. Monthly, gonadotropins cause an intense multiplication of granulosa cells surrounding the oocyte. This step of follicular development requires a high proliferation ability for these cells. Telomere length plays a crucial role in the mitotic index of human cells. Hence, disrupting telomere homeostasis could directly affect women’s fertility. Strongly expressed in ovaries, telomerase is the most effective factor to limit telomeric attrition and preserve ovarian reserve. Considering these facts, two situations of infertility could be correlated with the length of telomeres and ovarian telomerase activity: PolyCystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), which is associated with a high density of small antral follicles, and Premature Ovarian Failure (POF), which is associated with a premature decrease in ovarian reserve. Several authors have studied this topic, expecting to find long telomeres and strong telomerase activity in PCOS and short telomeres and low telomerase activity in POF patients. Although the results of these studies are contradictory, telomere length and the ovarian telomerase impact in women’s fertility disorders appear obvious. In this context, our research perspectives aimed to explore the stimulation of ovarian telomerase to limit the decrease in the follicular pool while avoiding an increase in cancer risk.

Dates and versions

hal-03358927 , version 1 (29-09-2021)

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Simon Toupance, Anne-Julie Fattet, Simon Thornton, Athanase Benetos, Jean-Louis Guéant, et al.. Ovarian Telomerase and Female Fertility. Biomedicines, 2021, 9 (7), pp.842. ⟨10.3390/biomedicines9070842⟩. ⟨hal-03358927⟩
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