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Split it up and see: using proxies to highlight divergent inter-populational performances in aquaculture standardised conditions

Abstract : Abstract Background Considering wild inter-populational phenotypic differentiation can facilitate domestication and subsequent production of new species. However, comparing all populations across a species range to identify those exhibiting suitable key traits for aquaculture (KTA; i.e. important for domestication and subsequent production) expressions is not feasible. Therefore, proxies highlighting inter-populational divergences in KTA are needed. The use of such proxies would allow to identify, prior to bioassays, the wild population pairs which are likely to present differentiations in KTA expressions in aquaculture conditions. Here, we assessed the relevance of three alternative proxies: (i) genetic distance, (ii) habitat divergence, and (iii) geographic/hydrologic distances. We performed this evaluation on seven allopatric populations of Perca fluviatilis for which divergences in KTA had already been shown. Results We showed differences in the correlation degree between the alternative proxy-based and KTA-based distance matrices, with the genetic proxy being correlated to the highest number of KTA. However, no proxy was correlated to all inter-populational divergences in KTA. Conclusion For future domestication trials, we suggest using a multi-proxy assessment along with a prioritisation strategy to identify population pairs which are of interest for further evaluation in bioassays.
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Contributor : Thomas Lecocq Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 19, 2022 - 5:58:13 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 8, 2022 - 3:29:44 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 7:19:02 PM


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Lola Toomey, Simon Dellicour, Andrzej Kapusta, Daniel Żarski, Frederik Buhrke, et al.. Split it up and see: using proxies to highlight divergent inter-populational performances in aquaculture standardised conditions. BMC Ecology and Evolution, BMC, 2021, 21 (1), pp.206. ⟨10.1186/s12862-021-01937-z⟩. ⟨hal-03535922⟩



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