Evolution of the Mode of Nutrition in Symbiotic and Saprotrophic Fungi in Forest Ecosystems - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics Year : 2021

Evolution of the Mode of Nutrition in Symbiotic and Saprotrophic Fungi in Forest Ecosystems

Abstract

In this review, we highlight the main insights that have been gathered from recent developments using large-scale genomics of fungal saprotrophs and symbiotrophs (including ectomycorrhizal and orchid and ericoid mycorrhizal fungi) inhabiting forest ecosystems. After assessing the goals and motivations underlying our approach, we explore our current understanding of the limits and future potential of using genomics to understand the ecological roles of these forest fungi. Comparative genomics unraveled the molecular machineries involved in lignocellulose decomposition in wood decayers, soil and litter saprotrophs, and mycorrhizal symbionts. They also showed that transitions from saprotrophy to mutualism entailed widespread losses of lignocellulose-degrading enzymes; diversification of novel, lineage-specific symbiosis-induced genes; and convergent evolution of genetic innovations that facilitate the accommodationof mutualistic symbionts within their plant hosts. We also identify the major questions that remain unanswered and propose new avenues of genome-based research to understand the role of soil fungi in sustainable forest ecosystems.
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hal-03606245 , version 1 (11-03-2022)

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Annie Lebreton, Qingchao Zeng, Shingo Miyauchi, Annegret Kohler, Yu-Cheng Dai, et al.. Evolution of the Mode of Nutrition in Symbiotic and Saprotrophic Fungi in Forest Ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 2021, 52 (1), pp.385-404. ⟨10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-012021-114902⟩. ⟨hal-03606245⟩
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