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Organochlorine POPs sequestration strategy by carbonaceous amendments of contaminated soils: Toward a better understanding of the transfer reduction to laying hens

Abstract : PCBs, PCDD/Fs, and Chlordecone (CLD) are POPs found in soils and transferred to animals through involuntary soil ingestion. In this frame, the amendment of contaminated soil with porous matrices, like Biochars (BCs) and Activated Carbons (ACs), is a promising technique for reducing this transfer. In this study, the efficiency of 3 biochars and 3 activated carbons was assessed by amending 2% (by weight) of these matrices on (i) CLD or (ii) PCBs and PCDD/Fs contaminated artificial soils. Porosity of the carbon-based materials and molecules physico-chemical characteristics were then linked to the obtained results. The concentrations of pollutants were then measured in the egg yolks of laying hens (n = 3), which were fed on a daily basis pellets containing 10% of soil for 20 days. Overall, no significant transfer reduction was observed with the biochar and the granular AC amendments for all the compounds. However, significant reductions were obtained with the two efficient activated carbons for PCDD/Fs and DL-PCB up to 79-82% (TEQ basis), whereas only a slight reduction of concentrations was obtained with these activated carbons for CLD and NDL-PCBs. Thus, (i) biochars were not proven efficient to reduce halogenated pollutants transfer to animals, (ii) powdered AC amendments resulted in reducing the bioavailability of soil POPs, and (iii) the effectiveness of such strategy depended on both characteristics of the matrix and of the pollutants. ---- UNTIL 03 June 2022 the article is freely provided by elsevier through the following link : https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1evmO15DSlNq5C
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03643621
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Submitted on : Saturday, April 16, 2022 - 9:56:14 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 18, 2022 - 4:53:47 PM

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Nadine El Wanny, Yves Le Roux, Agnès Fournier, Moomen Baroudi, Thierry Woignier, et al.. Organochlorine POPs sequestration strategy by carbonaceous amendments of contaminated soils: Toward a better understanding of the transfer reduction to laying hens. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Elsevier, 2022, 434, pp.128871. ⟨10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.128871⟩. ⟨hal-03643621⟩

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