Effect of eplerenone on clinical stability of Japanese patients with acute heart failure - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Cardiology Year : 2023

Effect of eplerenone on clinical stability of Japanese patients with acute heart failure

Abstract

Background: In the EARLIER (Efficacy and Safety of Early Initiation of Eplerenone Treatment in Patients with Acute Heart Failure) trial, eplerenone did not reduce heart failure (HF) hospitalizations or all-cause mortality in 300 patients admitted for acute HF (AHF). However, the trial might have been underpowered for these endpoints, and a comprehensive overview of the effect of eplerenone on diuretic doses and patients' clinical stability is warranted. Methods: The EARLIER trial included Japanese patients hospitalized for AHF randomly assigned to eplerenone or placebo over 6 months. Cox proportional hazards and mixed-effects models were used for analyses. Results: Three hundred patients were included (mean age, 67 ± 13 years; 73% males). The median furosemide equivalent dose was 40 (20-62) mg at randomization. Patients with higher furosemide-equivalent doses had more severe signs and symptoms of congestion and a higher risk of all-cause mortality or HF hospitalization during 6-month follow-up (adjusted-hazard ratio per 10 mg/day increase = 1.25, 95% confidence interval: 1.05-1.49). Eplerenone significantly decreased furosemide-equivalent diuretic doses and b-type natriuretic levels throughout the follow-up (overall-joint-p < 0.05 for both) and reduced E/e' and inferior vena cava diameter at 4 weeks (both p < 0.05). Additionally, eplerenone significantly reduced left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic diameter at 24 weeks (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Eplerenone treatment improved the clinical stability particularly during short period following hospitalization for AHF, translated by lower diuretic doses, natriuretic peptide levels, indirect markers of filling pressure and venous congestion, and a smaller LV volume.
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Dates and versions

hal-03921744 , version 1 (04-01-2023)

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Masatake Kobayashi, João Pedro Ferreira, Yuya Matsue, Taishiro Chikamori, Shin Ito, et al.. Effect of eplerenone on clinical stability of Japanese patients with acute heart failure. International Journal of Cardiology, 2023, 374, pp.73-78. ⟨10.1016/j.ijcard.2022.12.045⟩. ⟨hal-03921744⟩
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