Development of chitosan green composites reinforced with hemp fibers : study of mechanical and barrier properties for packaging application - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecules Year : 2023

Development of chitosan green composites reinforced with hemp fibers : study of mechanical and barrier properties for packaging application

Abstract

The use of bioresourced packaging materials is an interesting solution for ecological issues. This work aimed to develop novel chitosan-based packaging materials reinforced with hemp fibers (HF). For this purpose, chitosan (CH) films were filled with 15%, 30%, and 50% (w/w) of two kinds of HF: Untreated fibers cut to 1 mm (UHF) and steam exploded fibers (SEHF). The effect of HF addition and HF treatments on chitosan composites was studied in terms of mechanical properties (tensile strength (TS), elongation at break (EB), and Young’s modulus (YM)), barrier properties (water vapor (WVP) and oxygen permeabilities), and thermal properties (glass transition (Tg) and melting temperatures (Tm)). The addition of HF, whether untreated or steam exploded, increased the TS of chitosan composites by 34–65%. WVP was significantly reduced by the addition of HF but no significant change was observed for O2 barrier property, which was in the range between 0.44 and 0.68 cm3·mm/m2·d. Tm of the composite films increased from 133 °C for CH films to 171 °C for films filled with 15% SEHF. However, no significant modification was observed for Tg (105–107 °C). The present study showed that the developed biocomposites had improved properties, mainly the mechanical resistance. Their use in food packaging will help industrials the move toward a sustainable development and circular economy.
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hal-04158764 , version 1 (10-10-2023)

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Rim Gheribi, Yassine Taleb, Louise Perrin, César Segovia, Nicolas Brosse, et al.. Development of chitosan green composites reinforced with hemp fibers : study of mechanical and barrier properties for packaging application. Molecules, 2023, 28 (11), pp.4488. ⟨10.3390/molecules28114488⟩. ⟨hal-04158764⟩
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