Lack of Monitoring Is Associated with Risk of Acute Kidney Events among Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Clinical Medicine Year : 2022

Lack of Monitoring Is Associated with Risk of Acute Kidney Events among Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Abstract

Background: Although the iatrogenic risk of kidney failure is infrequent with treatment for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the repercussions for the patient could be major. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of kidney events in IBD and to examine the protective effect of kidney function monitoring. Methods: In the French National Health Insurance database, 94,363 patients had a diagnosis of IBD between January 2010 and December 2016. By using a survival model with time-dependent covariates, we analyzed the time from inclusion in this IBD cohort to the first hospitalization for acute kidney impairment (AKI) according to patient characteristics, comorbidities, IBD phenotype and presence of monitoring. Results: A total of 693 patients were hospitalized for AKI, with an incidence of 1.36/1000 person–years (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.26–1.47). The incidence of AKI was lower than those without 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) use. Patients with 5-ASA use rarely had any lack of monitoring as compared with those not under 5-ASA use (3% vs. 17%). On multivariate analysis, lack of monitoring was associated with a substantial risk of AKI (hazard ratio 3.96, 95% CI [3.20–4.90], p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Increased frequency of monitoring is essential to identify nephropathy at an early stage and avoid the progression to chronic kidney disease.

Dates and versions

hal-04168353 , version 1 (21-07-2023)

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Hamza Achit, Laurent Peyrin‐biroulet, Carole Ayav, Francis Guillemin, Luc Frimat. Lack of Monitoring Is Associated with Risk of Acute Kidney Events among Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2022, 11 (11), pp.2954. ⟨10.3390/jcm11112954⟩. ⟨hal-04168353⟩
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