B. P. Rochelle, E. I. Liff, W. G. Campbell, D. L. Cassell, M. R. Church et al., Regional relationships between geomorphic/hydrologic parameters and surface water chemistry relative to acidic deposition, Journal of Hydrology, vol.112, issue.1-2, pp.103-120, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-1694(89)90183-2

A. Rothe, E. Huber, K. Kreutzer, and W. Weis, Deposition and soil leaching in stands of Norway spruce and European Beech: Results from the Hoglwald research in comparison with other European case studies, pp.33-45, 2002.

I. Inc, SAS/STAT Guide for Personal Computers, Version 6 Edtition, p.967, 1987.

M. D. Sayer, J. P. Eader, and R. Morris, Embrionic and larval development of brown trout, Salmo trutta L.: exposure to aluminium, copper, lead or zinc in soft, 1991.

A. M. Scheuhammer, D. K. Mcnico1, M. L. Mallory, and J. J. Kerekes, Relationships between lake chemistry and calcium and trace metal concentrations of aquatic invertebrates eaten by breeding insectivorous waterfowl, Environmental Pollution, vol.96, issue.2, pp.235-247, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0269-7491(97)00032-8

B. L. Skjelkavale, K. Olendrzynski, J. Stoddard, L. Tarrason, T. S. Traaen et al., Assessment of trends and leaching of nitrogen at lep Waters sites (Europe and North America, Repport n° 54 Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), p.42, 2001.

B. L. Skjelkavale, J. L. Stoddard, and T. Andersen, Trends in surface water acidification in Europe and North America, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol.130, issue.1/4, pp.787-792, 2001.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1013806223310

B. L. Skjelkavale, K. Torseth, W. Aas, and T. Andersen, Decrease in Acid Deposition - Recovery in Norwegian Waters, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, vol.130, pp.1433-1438, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-007-0810-5_86

B. Souchier, Evolution des sols sur roches cristallines à l'étage montagnard (Vosges) Thèse de doctorat de l, p.130, 1971.

E. Sou1sby, R. Malcolm, R. Helliwell, and R. Ferrier, Hydrogeochemsitry of montane springs and their influence on streams in the Cairngorm mountains, Scotland, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, vol.3, issue.3, pp.409-419, 1999.
DOI : 10.5194/hess-3-409-1999

R. Stauffer and B. D. Wittchen, Effects of silicate weathering on water chemistry in forested, upland, felsic terrane of the USA, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.55, issue.11, pp.3253-3271, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0016-7037(91)90487-P

J. L. Stoddard, D. S. Jeffries, A. Lukewiue, T. A. Claire, P. J. Dillon et al., Regional trends in aquatic recovery from acidification in North America and Europe, Regional trends in aquatic recovery from acidification in North America and Europe, pp.575-578, 1998.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.1996.41.5.1004

W. Stumm and J. J. Morgan, Chemical equilibra and rates in natural waters, Aquatic Chemistry, p.1022, 1967.

J. M. Stussi, Cartographie de sensibilité à l'altération des roches-mères plutoniques des écosystèmes forestiers des Vosges. Projet "Charges critiques, CNRS, p.33, 1995.

C. Su, J. B. Harsh, and J. S. Boyle, Solubility of Hydroxy-Aluminum Interlayers and Imogolite in a Spodosol, Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol.59, issue.2, pp.373-379, 1995.
DOI : 10.2136/sssaj1995.03615995005900020015x

T. J. Sullivan, C. Driscoll, S. A. Cherini, R. K. Munson, R. B. Cook et al., Influence of aqueous aluminium and organic acids on measurement of acid neutralizing capacity in surface waters, Nature, vol.338, issue.6214, pp.408-410, 1989.
DOI : 10.1038/338408a0

T. Svenson, W. Dickson, J. Hellberg, G. Moberg, and N. Munthe, The Swedish liming programme, Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, vol.88, issue.2, pp.1003-1008, 1995.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00476961

H. Sverdrup, M. Alveteg, S. Langan, and T. Paces, Biogeochemical modelling of small catchments Solute Modelling in Catchment Systems, pp.75-100, 1995.

H. Sverdrup and K. Rosen, Long-term base cation mass balances for Swedish forests and the concept of sustainability, Forest Ecology and Management, vol.110, issue.1-3, pp.221-236, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-1127(98)00283-7

H. Sverdrup and P. Warfinge, Weathering of primary silicate mineraIs in the natural soil envirnonment in relation to chemical weathering model, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, vol.38, pp.387-408, 1988.

P. Sulkava and V. Huhta, Effects of hard frost and freeze-thaw cycles on decomposer communities and N mineralisation in boreal forest soil, Applied Soil Ecology, vol.22, issue.3, pp.225-239, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0929-1393(02)00155-5

B. Tagirov and J. Schott, Aluminum speciation in crustal fluids revisited, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.65, issue.21, pp.3965-3992, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-7037(01)00705-0

C. Tallllll and L. Hallbacken, Changes in soil acidity in two forest areas with different acid deposition: 1920s to 1980s, Ambio, vol.17, issue.1, pp.57-61, 1988.

G. J. Tettersall and P. A. Wright, The effects of ambient pH on nitrogen excretion in early life stages of the American toad (Bufo americanus), Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology, vol.113, issue.4, pp.369-374, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0300-9629(95)02077-2

M. D. Ahmed, J. Ranger, C. Homberger, G. M. Wright, R. F. Galloway et al., The biogeochemical cycle in a hea~~55' and highly productive Norway spruce (Pieea abies) the Vosges (France) Canadian Journal of Forest R 4, M elling the effects of acid deposition: control of longtenn 839-849. fate dynamics by soil sulfate adsorption, Water Resourees Ahmed, M.D. Research, vol.22, pp.1283-1291, 1985.

B. J. Cosby, R. F. Wright, G. M. Hornberger, and J. N. Galloway, ecosystem assessed by the mass-balance tee Modelling the effects of acid depositioo: assessment of lumped liming and fertilisation on the soil nitrogen. F pararneter model of soil water and streamwater chemistIy, The cum:nt soi! function of Norway sp, pp.291-310, 1985.

D. Aubert, P. Stille, A. Probst, and M. S. Cresser, Modelling water chemistIy for a major granite weathering and rernoval by wa Scottish river from catchment attributes, Journal of Applied and Nd isotopic evidence. Geoch Ecology, vol.37, issue.653, pp.171-184, 2000.

M. Dahire, R. W. Battarbee, J. Mason, . Brézouard, and . Du-bilstein, Vosges moyennes): caractères petro- Paleolimnology and lake ac graphiques, géochimiques et minéralogiques, Thèse de doctorat de Society of London 1-219. l'Université Nancy l, p.158, 1988.

P. Bénichou, L. Breton, E. Dambrine, M. Bonneau, C. Nys et al., pour la cartographie Cycling and budgets of acidity and nutrients in Norway spruce Météorologie 7 ( stands in Northeastem France and the Erzebirge, Forest Decline and Air Pollution Effects in using catc d France, pp.233-258, 1995.

P. Dambrine and E. , Atmospheric deposition in France Forest decline and atmo- Cart ? ologi e ce à III 000000 ème, Saint-Dié. Notice spheric deposition effects in the French mountains, pp.158-177, 1995.

J. Boudot, J. Rouiller, F. Dans-les-debon, L. Fort, P. Boudot et al., Acidité des eaux A chemical-mineralogical classification Vosges Rapport de fin de contrat, Nancy. of common plutonic rocks and associations. Transactions of the, surface water analysis in Iwo contrasted watersheds impacted by acid Dejou, J., 1967. L'altération des granites à deux micas du massif de la deposition term of Pierre-qui-Vrre (Morvan). Annales Agronomiques, pp.135-149, 1983.

A. Driscoll, C. T. Lehtinen, M. D. Sullivan, and T. J. , Acquisition de la composition chimique des eaux en acid-base chemistIy of organic solutes in Adirondack, Modelling the Bourrié, G. Water Resources Research, vol.30, issue.92, pp.1419-1429, 1973.

M. H. Robert, M. Alveteg, S. Langan, T. Paces, E. M. Taylor et al., Biogeochemet de l'évolution des micas Thèse de doctorat, Paris, p. 194. ical modelling ofsmall catchments Regional relationships between geomor- Modelling in Calchment Systems-100. phiclhydrologic parameters and surface water chemistry relative to Kinetics of acidic deposition, Journal of Hydrology, vol.112, pp.75-103, 1970.

A. Rothe, C. Huber, K. Kreutzer, W. Weis, A. L. Thomas et al., soil leaching in stands of Norway spmce and European beech A results from the Hôglwald research in comparison with other spatial study of the relationships between strearnwater acidity and European case studies, 33-45. geology, soils and relief SAS/STAT Guide for Personal Computers, pp.1191-1208, 1987.

C. Soulsby, R. Malcolm, R. C. Helliwell, R. C. Ferrier, A. F. White et al., Hydrogeochemistry of mountain springs and their influence on weathering rates. strearns in the Caingorm Mountains, pp.1729-1747, 1999.

C. , N. White, A. F. , D. Schulz, M. S. Sullivan et al., Influence of aqueous aluminium and disse . in emical weathering ofgranitoid rocks. organic acids on measurement of acid neutralizing capacity in Geocherni smochùnica, Projet Acta Nature, vol.63, issue.338, pp.13-14, 1989.

G. Lawrence, H. B~, and P. Warfinge, Effects of basin size on Sverdrup Weathering of primary silicate REFERENCES, 1988.

M. D. Ahmed, Ranger 1., The biogeochemical cycle ina healthy and higlùy productive Norway spruce (Picea abies) ecosystem in the Vosges (France), Can.l. For. Res, pp.24-839, 1994.

M. D. Ahmed, . Ranger-1, E. Dambrine, M. Bonneau, and A. Granier, 1be current soi! function of Norway spruce declining ecosystem assessed by the mass-balance technique: Elfect of liming and fertilisation on the soil Nitrogeo, For. Eco!. Manag, pp.60-291, 1993.

F. Bartoli and L. Wùding, Dissolution of biogenic opal as a fun<!uon of ils physical an!f chemical properties, Soi! Sei, Soc. Am, vol.1, pp.44-873, 1980.

M. F. Billelt and M. S. Cresser, Predicting stream-water quality using catchment and soil chemical characteristics, Environmental Pollution, vol.77, issue.2-3, pp.263-268, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0269-7491(92)90085-O

M. Bonneau, Evolution of the minerai fertility of an acidic soil during a period of ten years in the Vosges mountains (France)

M. Bonneau, P. Faivre, M. Gury, L. M. Hétier-1, and F. Tacon, Carte pédologique de France à 1/1 000 OOOe, Saint-Dié, 1978.

L. Boudot, J. Maitat, O. Merlet, D. Rouiller, J. Bricker et al., Soil solutions and surface water analysis in two contrasted watersheds irnpacted by aeid deposition, Vosges mountains, N.E. France: interpretation in lerm of AI impa Acidic deposition to strearns.. A geology based method predicts their sensitivity, Environ. Sei. Techno!, vol.23, pp.379-385, 1989.

D. M. Cooper, R. Helliwell, and M. C. Coull, Predicting acid neutralizing capacity from landscape classification: application to Galloway, south-west Scotland, Hydrological Processes, vol.18, issue.3, pp.455-471, 2004.
DOI : 10.1002/hyp.1320

M. S. Cresser, R. Smart, M. F. Billet, . Soulsby-c, C. Neai et al., Modelling water chemistry for a major Scottish river from catchment attributes, Journal of Applied Ecology, vol.37, issue.s1, pp.171-184, 2000.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2664.2000.00525.x

E. Dambrine, M. Bonneau, C. Nys, . Ranger-1, and F. Gras, Cycling and Budgets of Acidity and Nutrienls in Norway Spruce Stands in Northeastern France and the Erzebirge, Forest Decline and Air Pollution Etfeets in France, pp.233-258, 1995.

E. Dambrine, E. Ulrich, N. Cénac, P. Durand, T. Gauquelin et al., Atmospberic deposition in France, Forest Decline and Air Pollution Etfects in France, pp.177-200, 1995.

C. D. Evans, A. Jenkins, and R. F. Wright, Surface water acidification in the South Pennines I. Current status and spatial variability, Environmental Pollution, vol.109, issue.1
DOI : 10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00241-9

B. Dupré, P. Louvat, and C. Allegre, Global silicate weathering and COzcousumption rates deduced from the chemistry of large rivers, Chem. Geol, vol.159, pp.3-30, 1999.

F. Guérold, . Boudotl.-p, and D. Marlet, Rouiller 1., Vein D.,lacquemin G., Évaluation de l'état d'acidification des cours d'eau du département des Vosges, p.69, 1997.

M. Hornung, K. R. Bull, M. Cresser, R. Haill, S. Langan et al., The sensitivity of surface waters of Great Britain to acidification predicted from catchment characteristics, Environmental Pollution, vol.87, issue.2, pp.207-214, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0269-7491(94)P2608-C

S. K. Jenson, Domingue 1.0., Extracting Topographic Structure from Digital Elevation Data for Geographic Information System Analysis, Pbotogramm. Eng. Remote Sensing, vol.54, pp.1593-1600, 1988.

M. R. Keman, T. E. Allott, and R. W. Batterljee, Predicting freshwater critical loads of acidification at the catchment scale: an empirical mode!, Water Air soil Poli, pp.31-41, 1998.

G. C. Lacey and R. Grayson, Relating baseflow to catchment properties in south-eastern Australia, Journal of Hydrology, vol.204, issue.1-4, pp.231-250, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-1694(97)00124-8

O. Maitat and . Spé, ciation de l'alwniniurn dans les sols forestiers acides et les eaux de surface soumis aux dépôts atmosphériques acides : significations pédogénétiques et implications toxicologiques, Thèse de doctorat de l, 1998.

M. Meybeck, Composition chimique des ruisseaux non pollués de France, Sei, Géol. Bull, vol.39, pp.3-77, 1986.

. P. Party-1, A. Probst, E. Dambrine, and A. L. Thomas, Critical loads of acidity to France: sensitivity areas in the north-eastern France, Water Air Soil Poil, pp.85-2407, 1995.

R. Phillips, Relationship between glacial geology and streamwater chemistry in an area reoeiving acid deposition, 1. Hydro!, pp.263-273, 1987.

A. Probst, E. Dambrine, D. Viville, and B. Fritz, InOuence of acid atmospheric inputs on surface water chemistry and minerai ftuxes in ft declining spruce stand within Il small granitie catC!ullent (Vosges massif, France) 1. Hydrol, pp.116-101, 1990.

A. Probst, J. C. Massabuau, and J. L. Probst, Fritz 8., Acidification des eaux de surface sous l'influence des précipitations acides: rôle de la végétation et du substratum, conséquences pour les populations des truites, ~. R Acad. Sci, pp.311-405, 1990.

A. Probst, J. L. Probst, J. C. Massabuau, and B. Fritz, Surface water acidification in the Vosges Mountains: relation ta bedrock and vegetation caver Forest decline and atmospheric deposition elfects in the French mountains, pp.371-386, 1995.

G. J. Rapp, B. W. Liukonen, . D. Allenj, and . A. Sorensenj, Geologic and atmospheric input factors affecting watershed chemistry in upper michigan, Environmental Geology and Water Sciences, vol.5, issue.5???6, pp.155-171, 1987.
DOI : 10.2172/5101700

B. P. Rochelle, C. I. Lilf, . G. Campbell-w, D. L. Cassell, M. R. Church et al., Regional relationships between geomorphic/hydrologic parameters and surface water chemistry relative to acidic deposition, Journal of Hydrology, vol.112, issue.1-2, pp.103-120, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-1694(89)90183-2

A. Rothe, C. Huber, K. Kreutzer, and W. Weis, Deposition and sail leaching in stands of Norway spruce and European Beech: Results from the Hôglwald research in COO1parison with other European case studies, Plant Soil, pp.240-273, 2002.

A. L. Thomas, E. Dambrine, D. King, J. P. Party, and A. Probst, Aspatial study of the relationships between streamwater acidity and geology, soils and relief (Vosges, northeastern France) J. Hydro!, pp.217-252, 1999.

A. L. Thomas, J. Gégout, G. Landmann, E. Dambrine, and D. King, Relation between ecological conditions and fir decline in a sandstone region of the Vosges mountains (northeastern France), Annals of Forest Science, vol.59, issue.3
DOI : 10.1051/forest:2002022

A. F. White and A. E. Blum, Elfects of climate on chemical weathering rates, Geochirn. Cosmochim. Acta, vol.599, pp.1729-1747, 1995.

D. M. Wolock, J. Fan, and G. B. Lawrence, Elfects of basin size on low- f10w stream chemistry and subsurface contact lime in the Neversink River watershed, Hydrol. Process, pp.11-1273, 1997.

E. Le, E. Etiage, . Le, . De, and . Disparus, RELATION, FIGURE, vol.3109
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00297281

E. Les, V. Mesurees, L. Valeurs, . Des, . Du et al., RELATION, FIGUREPRECIPITATIONS EN MM, vol.19

D. Concentrations and E. Ruisseaux, DISTRIBUTION, FIGURE, vol.23


A. Les-precipitations, L. Taille, L. Bassin, . Mineralogie, . Substrat et al., LOSANGES: BASSINS DE TYPE 1; CARRES: BASSINS DE TYPE II; ETOILES: BASSINS -228- TABLE

P. De and . Alcalinite, DISTRIBUTION, FIGURE, vol.31
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01631475

E. Chlorure, RELATION, FIGURE, vol.37

C. Type-cafs04, E. Dans, L. R. Symboles-vides-granites, and . Ii, III -131 - -229- TABLE DES ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE 39: MODELES GLOBAUX SUR : A), POINTS NOIRS- GRANITES TYPE, vol.1

M. Des and D. Stussi, COMPOSITION, p.58, 1995.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01757509

D. Bassins, V. Et, . De, . Sur, . En et al., DISTRIBUTION, TABLEAU, vol.14, p.68

C. Des, E. Des, . Sur, and . I. De, COMPOSITION, ANNEXE, vol.18, p.218
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01757509