Etude des propriétés structurales et spectroscopiques des couches ultra-minces d'alcalins déposées sur Si(111) - B

Abstract : Low energy electron diffraction (LEED), Auger spectroscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) have been used to study ultrathin films of alkali atoms deposited on Si(111)-v3´v3R30:B surface. An alkali-induced surface state of s-pz symmetry has been evidenced by photoemission being maximum close to the saturation coverage of 1/3 monolayer. A quantitative IV-LEED study evidences the H3 alkali adsorption site as predicted by ab initio calculations. High resolution ARPES data presented in this work evidence a band-folding, a large alkali-dependent semi-conducting gap and a narrow bandwidth. The Cs- induced surface band is shown to present a smaller gap together with a non-zero spectral weight at the Fermi level. These results are a priori consistent with the correlated nature of these materials, the Harrison criterion U/W>>1 being fulfilled for these half-filled surface bands. Moreover, a novel 2v3´2v3 lattice and charge ordering has been discovered below 300 K characterized by a quadrupling of the unit cell and a net energy gain for the surface band. In addition, the temperature dependence of the ARPES spectra suggests these materials are characterized by a strong electron-phonon coupling. High resolution core-levels photoemission spectroscopy recorded at the CASSIOPEE beamline (synchrotron SOLEIL) evidence a local charge ordering at surface in both phases. The corresponding band mapping agree well with the 2(v3´v3) symmetry also for both phases. All these experimental results sign a strong interplay between the charge and lattice degrees of freedom which have never been predicted for these semiconducting surfaces. Therefore, a scenario assuming a charge density wave at surface in the strong electron-phonon coupling limit is proposed. As a striking point, the bi-polaronic insulating ground state is proposed to be reached making these alkali/Si(111) semi-conducting surfaces model systems to study polaronic signatures on the physical properties of low dimensional strongly correlated materials.
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Luis Alfonso Cardenas Arellano. Etude des propriétés structurales et spectroscopiques des couches ultra-minces d'alcalins déposées sur Si(111) - B. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN10009⟩. ⟨tel-01748226⟩

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