J. Amar, J. Ruidavets, C. Solllier, V. Bongard, H. Boccalon et al., Relationship between C reactive protein and pulse pressure is not mediated by atherosclerosis or aortic stiffness, Journal of Hypertension, vol.22, issue.2, pp.349-355, 2004.
DOI : 10.1097/00004872-200402000-00019

A. Agatston, W. Janowitz, F. Hildner, N. Zusmer, M. Viamonte et al., Quantification of coronary artery calcium using ultrafast computed tomography, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.15, issue.4, pp.827-832, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0735-1097(90)90282-T

R. Asmar, A. Benetos, J. Topouchian, P. Laurent, B. Pannier et al., Assessment of Arterial Distensibility by Automatic Pulse Wave Velocity Measurement : Validation and Clinical Application Studies, Hypertension, vol.26, issue.3, pp.485-490, 1995.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.26.3.485

A. Avolio, Genetic and Environmental Factors in the Function and Structure of the Arterial Wall, Hypertension, vol.26, issue.1, pp.34-41, 1995.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.26.1.34

A. Benetos, C. Adamopoulos, J. Bureau, M. Temmar, C. Labat et al., Determinants of Accelerated Progression of Arterial Stiffness in Normotensive Subjects and in Treated Hypertensive Subjects Over a 6-Year Period, Circulation, vol.105, issue.10, pp.1202-1207, 2002.
DOI : 10.1161/hc1002.105135

A. Benetos, B. Waeber, J. Izzo, G. Mitchell, L. Resnick et al., Influence of age, risk factors, and cardiovascular and renal disease on arterial stiffness: clinical applications, American Journal of Hypertension, vol.15, issue.12, pp.1101-1108, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0895-7061(02)03029-7

S. Ben-haim, E. Kupzov, A. Tamir, A. Frenkel, and O. Israel, Changing patterns of abnormal vascular wall F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose uptake on follow-up PET/CT studies, Journal of Nuclear Cardiology, vol.13, issue.6, pp.791-800, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.nuclcard.2006.07.008

S. Ben-haim, E. Kupzov, A. Tamir, and O. Israel, Evaluation of 18F-FDG uptake and arterial wall calcifications using 18F-FDG PET/CT, J Nucl Med, vol.45, pp.1816-1837, 2004.

D. Bergel, Arterial viscoelasticity, 1964.

J. Blacher, A. Guerin, B. Pannier, S. Marchais, and G. London, Arterial Calcifications, Arterial Stiffness, and Cardiovascular Risk in End-Stage Renal Disease, Hypertension, vol.38, issue.4, pp.938-942, 2001.
DOI : 10.1161/hy1001.096358

J. Bland and D. Altman, Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement, International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol.47, issue.8, pp.307-310, 1986.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.10.001

T. Blodgett, C. Meltzer, and D. Townsend, PET/CT: Form and Function, Radiology, vol.242, issue.2, pp.360-385, 2007.
DOI : 10.1148/radiol.2422051113

B. Bolster, E. Atalar, C. Hardy, and E. Mcveigh, Accuracy of arterial pulse-wave velocity measurement using MR, Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol.5, issue.4, pp.878-888, 1998.
DOI : 10.1161/01.CIR.83.5.1764

J. Bramwell and A. Hill, VELOCITY OF TRANSMISSION OF THE PULSE-WAVE, The Lancet, vol.199, issue.5149, pp.891-892, 1922.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(00)95580-6

G. Bural, D. Torigian, W. Chamroonrat, M. Houseni, W. Chen et al., FDG-PET is an effective imaging modality to detect and quantify age-related atherosclerosis in large arteries, European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, vol.39, issue.1, pp.562-571, 2008.
DOI : 10.1590/S1807-59322005000500011

C. Chae, R. Lee, N. Rifai, and P. Ridker, Blood Pressure and Inflammation in Apparently Healthy Men, Hypertension, vol.38, issue.3, pp.399-403, 2001.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.38.3.399

D. Chappell, S. Varner, R. Nerem, R. Medford, and R. Alexander, Oscillatory Shear Stress Stimulates Adhesion Molecule Expression in Cultured Human Endothelium, Circulation Research, vol.82, issue.5, pp.532-539, 1998.
DOI : 10.1161/01.RES.82.5.532

W. Chen, G. Bural, D. Torigian, D. Rader, and A. Alavi, Emerging role of FDG-PET/CT in assessing atherosclerosis in large arteries, European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, vol.49, issue.1, pp.144-151, 2009.
DOI : 10.1161/01.CIR.104.3.249

F. Cortens and J. Van-der-meer, Nuclear medicine's role in infection and inflammation, The Lancet, vol.354, issue.9180, pp.765-770, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(99)06070-5

R. Cox, Wave Propagation through a Newtonian Fluid Contained within a Thick-Walled, Viscoelastic Tube, Biophysical Journal, vol.8, issue.6, pp.691-709, 1968.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(68)86515-4

S. Czernichow, S. Bertrais, J. Blacher, J. Oppert, P. Galan et al., Metabolic Syndrome in Relation to Structure and Function of Large Arteries: A Predominant Effect of Blood PressureA Report From the SU.VI.MAX. Vascular Study, American Journal of Hypertension, vol.18, issue.9, pp.1154-1160, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.amjhyper.2005.04.006

S. Czernichow, J. Greenfield, and M. Safar, Impact of Abdominal Adiposity on Cardiovascular Disease Predictors: What Is the Missing Link?, American Journal of Hypertension, vol.42, issue.2, p.851, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/S0735-1097(03)00631-4

P. Danias, N. Tritos, M. Stuber, R. Botnar, K. Kissinger et al., Comparison of aortic elasticity determined by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in obese versus lean adults, The American Journal of Cardiology, vol.91, issue.2, pp.195-199, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0002-9149(02)03109-0

J. Davies and A. Struthers, Pulse wave analysis and pulse wave velocity, Journal of Hypertension, vol.21, issue.3, pp.463-472, 2003.
DOI : 10.1097/00004872-200303000-00004

M. Scientifiques, S. Elsevier, and P. , Radiodiagnostic -Principes et techniques d'imagerie, 35-310-A-10, 2002.

O. Defawe, R. Hustinx, J. Defraigne, R. Limet, and N. Sakalihasan, Distribution of F-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: High Accumulation in Macrophages Seen on PET Imaging and Immunohistology, Clinical Nuclear Medicine, vol.30, issue.5, pp.340-341, 2005.
DOI : 10.1097/01.rlu.0000159681.24833.95

M. Dunphy, A. Freiman, S. Larson, and H. Strauss, Association of vascular 18F- FDG uptake with vascular calcification, J Nucl Med, vol.46, pp.1278-84, 2005.

S. Fielden, B. Fornwalt, M. Jerosch-herold, R. Eisner, A. Stillman et al., A new method for the determination of aortic pulse wave velocity using cross-correlation on 2D PCMR velocity data, Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol.9, issue.3 Pt 2, pp.1382-1387, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(86)90837-8

M. Graham, P. Evans, B. Davies, and J. Baker, Arterial pulse wave velocity, inflammatory markers, pathological GH and IGF states, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Vasc Health Risk Manag, pp.1361-1371, 2008.

A. Guérin, G. London, S. Marchais, and F. Metivier, Arterial stiffening and vascular calcifications in end???stage renal disease, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol.15, issue.7, pp.1014-1021, 2000.
DOI : 10.1093/ndt/15.7.1014

W. Hamilton, J. Remington, and P. Dow, THE DETERMINATION OF THE PROPAGATION VELOCITY OF THE ARTERIAL PULSE WAVE, American Journal of Physiology-Legacy Content, vol.144, issue.4, p.521, 1945.
DOI : 10.1152/ajplegacy.1945.144.4.521

G. Helft, S. Worthley, and Z. Zhang, Non invasive in vivo imaging of atherosclerotic lesions with fluorine-18 deoxyglucose 18-FDG PET correlates with macrophage content in a rabbit model, Circulation, vol.18, p.311, 1999.

R. Henry, P. Kostense, A. Spijkerman, J. Dekker, G. Nijpels et al., Arterial Stiffness Increases With Deteriorating Glucose Tolerance Status: The Hoorn Study, Circulation, vol.107, issue.16, p.2089, 2003.
DOI : 10.1161/01.CIR.0000065222.34933.FC

G. Hunter, L. Hamberg, N. Alpert, N. Choi, and A. Fischman, Simplified measurement of deoxyglucose utilization rate, J Nucl Med, vol.37, pp.950-955, 1996.

G. Iacobellis and A. Sharma, Obesity and the heart: redefinition of the relationship, Obesity Reviews, vol.29, issue.1, pp.35-39, 2007.
DOI : 10.1038/nm1005-1048

C. Irribaren, S. Sidney, B. Sternfeld, and W. Browner, Calcification of the Aortic Arch, JAMA, vol.283, issue.21, pp.2810-2815, 2000.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.283.21.2810

D. Izquierdo-garcia, J. Davies, M. Graves, J. Rudd, J. Gillard et al., Comparison of Methods for Magnetic Resonance-Guided [18-F]Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography in Human Carotid Arteries: Reproducibility, Partial Volume Correction, and Correlation Between Methods, Stroke, vol.40, issue.1, pp.86-93, 2009.
DOI : 10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.521393

L. Joly, C. Perret-guillaume, A. Kearney-schwartz, P. Salvi, D. Mandry et al., 235 Pulse wave velocity assessment by external non-invasive devices and phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging in obese subjects, Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, vol.2, issue.1, pp.421-427, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/S1878-6480(10)70237-8

L. Joly, W. Djaballah, G. Koehl, D. Mandry, G. Dolivet et al., Aortic inflammation, as assessed by hybrid FDG-PET/CT imaging, is associated with enhanced aortic stiffness in addition to concurrent calcification, European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, vol.25, issue.6, pp.979-985, 2009.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.26.1.34

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00616495

A. Kaim, B. Weber, M. Kurrer, J. Gottschalk, V. Schulthess et al., F-FDG Uptake in Experimental Soft-Tissue Abscesses in Rats, Radiology, vol.223, issue.2, pp.446-451, 2002.
DOI : 10.1148/radiol.2232010914

B. Kastler and D. Vetter, Comprendre l'IRM. 6 e ed, p.379, 2006.

I. Kullo, J. Seward, K. Bailey, L. Bielak, B. Grossardt et al., C-Reactive Protein Is Related to Arterial Wave Reflection and Stiffness in Asymptomatic Subjects From the Community, American Journal of Hypertension, vol.18, issue.8, pp.1123-1129, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.amjhyper.2005.03.730

P. Lacolley, P. Challande, M. Osborne-pellegrin, and V. Regnault, Genetics and pathophysiology of arterial stiffness. Cardiovascular Research, pp.637-648, 2009.

P. Lacolley, C. Labat, A. Pujol, C. Delcayre, and A. Benetos, Increased Carotid Wall Elastic Modulus and Fibronectin in Aldosterone-Salt-Treated Rats: Effects of Eplerenone, Circulation, vol.106, issue.22, pp.2848-53, 2002.
DOI : 10.1161/01.CIR.0000039328.33137.6C

E. Lakatta, Arterial aging is risky, Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.105, issue.4, pp.1321-1322, 2008.
DOI : 10.1152/japplphysiol.90553.2008

S. Laurent, P. Boutouyrie, R. Asmar, I. Gautier, B. Laloux et al., Aortic Stiffness Is an Independent Predictor of All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality in Hypertensive Patients, Hypertension, vol.37, issue.5, pp.1236-1277, 2001.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.37.5.1236

S. Laurent, P. Boutouyrie, and P. Lacolley, Structural and Genetic Bases of Arterial Stiffness, Hypertension, vol.45, issue.6, pp.1050-1055, 2005.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.0000164580.39991.3d

R. Lederman, R. Raylman, S. Fisher, P. Kison, H. San et al., Detection of atherosclerosis using a novel positron-sensitive probe and 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), Nuclear Medicine Communications, vol.22, issue.7, pp.747-53, 2001.
DOI : 10.1097/00006231-200107000-00004

B. Levy, Modifications de??la??paroi art??rielle au??cours du??vieillissement, La Revue de M??decine Interne, vol.27, pp.40-42, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.revmed.2006.03.022

G. London, A. Guerin, S. Marchais, F. Metivier, B. Pannier et al., Arterial media calcification in end-stage renal disease: impact on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol.18, issue.9, pp.1731-1740, 2003.
DOI : 10.1093/ndt/gfg414

I. Mackenzie, I. Wilkinson, and J. Cockcroft, Assessment of arterial stiffness in clinical practice. Q Jmed, pp.67-74, 2002.

R. Mackey, L. Venkitachalam, and K. Sutton-tyrrell, Calcifications, Arterial Stiffness and Atherosclerosis, Adv Cardiol, vol.44, pp.234-278, 2007.
DOI : 10.1159/000096744

G. Mancia, D. Backer, G. Dominiczak, A. Cifkova, R. Fagard et al., 2007 Guidelines for the Management of Arterial Hypertension, Journal of Hypertension, vol.25, issue.6, pp.1105-1187, 2007.
DOI : 10.1097/HJH.0b013e3281fc975a

A. Mangoni, C. Giannattasio, A. Brunani, M. Failla, M. Colombo et al., Radial Artery Compliance in Young, Obese, Normotensive Subjects, Hypertension, vol.26, issue.6, pp.984-988, 1995.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.26.6.984

P. Marie, W. Djaballah, P. Franken, C. Vanhove, M. Muller et al., OSEM reconstruction, associated with temporal Fourier and depth-dependant resolution recovery filtering, enhances results from Sestamibi and 201Tl 16-interval gated SPECT, J Nucl Med, vol.46, pp.1789-1795, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00620420

F. Maskali, P. Franken, S. Poussier, N. Tran, C. Vanhove et al., Initial infarct size predicts subsequent cardiac remodeling in the rat infarct model: an in vivo serial pinhole gated SPECT study, J Nucl Med, vol.47, pp.337-381, 2006.

F. Maskali, S. Poussier, P. Marie, N. Tran, L. Antunes et al., High-resolution simultaneous imaging of SPECT, PET, and MRI tracers on histologic sections of myocardial infarction, Journal of Nuclear Cardiology, vol.12, issue.2, pp.229-259, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.nuclcard.2004.12.296

F. Mattace-raso, T. Van-der-cammen, I. Van-der-meer, M. Schalekamp, R. Asmar et al., C-reactive protein and arterial stiffness in older adults: the Rotterdam Study, Atherosclerosis, vol.176, issue.1, pp.11-116, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2004.04.014

C. Mccollough, S. Ulzheimer, S. Halliburton, K. Shanneik, R. White et al., Coronary Artery Calcium: A Multi-institutional, Multimanufacturer International Standard for Quantification at Cardiac CT, Radiology, vol.243, issue.2, pp.527-565, 2007.
DOI : 10.1148/radiol.2432050808

C. Mceniery, S. Wallace, I. Mackenzie, B. Mcdonnell, Y. Newby et al., Endothelial Function Is Associated With Pulse Pressure, Pulse Wave Velocity, and Augmentation Index in Healthy Humans, Hypertension, vol.48, issue.4, pp.602-608, 2006.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.0000239206.64270.5f

L. Menezes, C. Kotze, B. Hutton, R. Endozo, J. Dickson et al., Vascular Inflammation Imaging with 18F-FDG PET/CT: When to Image?, Journal of Nuclear Medicine, vol.50, issue.6, pp.854-857, 2009.
DOI : 10.2967/jnumed.108.061432

J. Mourad, N. Danchin, A. Rudnichi, M. Lopez-sublet, L. Jeune et al., Aortic pulse pressure and atherosclerotic structural alterations of coronary arteries, J Hum Hypertens, 2009.

H. Nakhai-pour, D. Grobbee, M. Bots, M. Muller, and Y. Van-der-schouw, C-reactive protein and aortic stiffness and wave reflection in middle-aged and elderly men from the community, Journal of Human Hypertension, vol.91, issue.12, pp.949-55, 2007.
DOI : 10.1161/01.CIR.91.5.1432

W. Nicols, O. Rourke, and M. , Mcdonald's blood flow in arteries: theoretical, experimental and clinical principles. 5 e éd, p.616, 2005.

O. Rourke, M. Staessen, J. Vlachopoulos, C. Duprez, D. Plante et al., Clinical applications of arterial stiffness; definitions and reference values, American Journal of Hypertension, vol.17, issue.3, pp.426-444, 2002.
DOI : 10.1097/00004872-199917030-00015

M. Ogawa, Y. Magata, T. Kato, K. Hatano, S. Ishino et al., Application of 18F-FDG-PET for monitoring the therapeutic effect of antiinflammatory drugs on stabilization of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques, J Nucl Med, vol.47, pp.1845-50, 2006.

J. Oliver and D. Webb, Noninvasive Assessment of Arterial Stiffness and Risk of Atherosclerotic Events, Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol.23, issue.4, pp.554-566, 2003.
DOI : 10.1161/01.ATV.0000060460.52916.D6

J. Orr, C. Gentile, B. Davy, and K. Davy, Large Artery Stiffening With Weight Gain in Humans: Role of Visceral Fat Accumulation, Hypertension, vol.51, issue.6, pp.1519-1524, 2008.
DOI : 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.108.112946

R. Packard and P. Libby, Inflammation in Atherosclerosis: From Vascular Biology to Biomarker Discovery and Risk Prediction, Clinical Chemistry, vol.54, issue.1, pp.24-38, 2008.
DOI : 10.1373/clinchem.2007.097360

E. Paffen and M. Demaat, C-reactive protein in atherosclerosis: A causal factor?, Cardiovascular Research, vol.71, issue.1, pp.30-39, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cardiores.2006.03.004

P. Poirier, T. Giles, G. Bray, Y. Hong, J. Stern et al., Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease: Pathophysiology, Evaluation, and Effect of Weight Loss: An Update of the 1997 American Heart Association Scientific Statement on Obesity and Heart Disease From the Obesity Committee of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism, Circulation, vol.113, issue.6, pp.898-918, 2006.
DOI : 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.171016

G. Prieur and M. Nadi, La mesure et l'instrumentation : état de l'art et perspectives, p.726, 1995.

P. Raggi, A. Bellasi, E. Ferramosca, T. Islam, P. Muntner et al., Association of pulse wave velocity with vascular and valvular calcification in hemodialysis patients, Kidney International, vol.71, issue.8, pp.802-809, 2007.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.ki.5002164

L. Resnick, D. Militianu, A. Cunnings, J. Pipe, J. Evelhoch et al., Direct Magnetic Resonance Determination of Aortic Distensibility in Essential Hypertension : Relation to Age, Abdominal Visceral Fat, and In Situ Intracellular Free Magnesium, Hypertension, vol.30, issue.3, pp.654-659, 1997.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.30.3.654

W. Rogers, Y. Hu, D. Coast, D. Vido, C. Kramer et al., Age-associated changes in regional aortic pulse wave velocity, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.38, issue.4, pp.1123-1129, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0735-1097(01)01504-2

M. Roman, R. Devereux, J. Schwartz, M. Locksin, S. Paget et al., Arterial Stiffness in Chronic Inflammatory Diseases, Hypertension, vol.46, issue.1, pp.194-199, 2005.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.0000168055.89955.db

J. Rudd, K. Myers, S. Bansilal, J. Machac, C. Pinto et al., Atherosclerosis Inflammation Imaging with 18F-FDG PET: Carotid, Iliac, and Femoral Uptake Reproducibility, Quantification Methods, and Recommendations, Journal of Nuclear Medicine, vol.49, issue.6, pp.871-879, 2008.
DOI : 10.2967/jnumed.107.050294

J. Rudd, K. Myers, S. Bansilal, J. Machac, A. Rafique et al., 18Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography Imaging of Atherosclerotic Plaque Inflammation Is Highly Reproducible, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.50, issue.9, pp.892-898, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jacc.2007.05.024

J. Rudd, E. Warburton, T. Fryer, H. Jones, J. Clark et al., Imaging Atherosclerotic Plaque Inflammation With [18F]-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography, Circulation, vol.105, issue.23, pp.2708-2719, 2002.
DOI : 10.1161/01.CIR.0000020548.60110.76

S. Ryan, B. Waack, B. Weno, and D. Heistad, Increases in pulse pressure impair acetylcholine-induced vascular relaxation, American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology, vol.268, issue.1, pp.359-363, 1995.
DOI : 10.1152/ajpheart.1995.268.1.H359

M. Safar, S. Czernichow, and J. Blacher, Obesity, Arterial Stiffness, and Cardiovascular Risk, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol.17, issue.4_suppl_2, pp.109-111, 2006.
DOI : 10.1681/ASN.2005121321

M. Safar, B. Levy, and H. Struijker-boudier, Current Perspectives on Arterial Stiffness and Pulse Pressure in Hypertension and Cardiovascular Diseases, Circulation, vol.107, issue.22, pp.2864-2873, 2003.
DOI : 10.1161/01.CIR.0000069826.36125.B4

M. Safar, O. Rourke, and M. , Arterial stiffness in hypertension.1 e ed, p.598, 2006.

M. Safar, F. Thomas, J. Blacher, R. Nzietchueng, J. Bureau et al., Metabolic Syndrome and Age-Related Progression of Aortic Stiffness, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.47, issue.1, pp.72-75, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jacc.2005.08.052

P. Salvi, G. Lio, C. Labat, E. Ricci, B. Pannier et al., Validation of a new non-invasive portable tonometer for determining arterial pressure wave and pulse wave velocity, Journal of Hypertension, vol.22, issue.12, pp.2285-93, 2004.
DOI : 10.1097/00004872-200412000-00010

P. Salvi, E. Magnani, F. Valbusa, D. Agnoletti, C. Alecu et al., Comparative study of methodologies for pulse wave velocity estimation, Journal of Human Hypertension, vol.45, issue.10, pp.669-677, 2008.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.0000154229.97341.d2

G. Schillaci, M. Pirro, F. Gemelli, L. Pasqualini, G. Vaudo et al., Increased C-reactive protein concentrations in never-treated hypertension, Journal of Hypertension, vol.21, issue.10, pp.1841-1847, 2003.
DOI : 10.1097/00004872-200310000-00010

R. Schnabel, M. Larson, J. Dupuis, K. Lunetta, I. Lipinska et al., Relations of Inflammatory Biomarkers and Common Genetic Variants With Arterial Stiffness and Wave Reflection, Hypertension, vol.51, issue.6, pp.1651-1658, 2008.
DOI : 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.107.105668

S. Silvera, H. Elaidi, J. Rudd, V. Mani, L. Yang et al., Multimodality imaging of atherosclerotic plaque activity and composition using FDG-PET/CT and MRI in carotid and femoral arteries, Atherosclerosis, vol.207, issue.1, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2009.04.023

L. Smeeth, S. Thomas, A. Hall, R. Hubbar, P. Farrington et al., Risk of Myocardial Infarction and Stroke after Acute Infection or Vaccination, New England Journal of Medicine, vol.351, issue.25, pp.2611-2618, 2004.
DOI : 10.1056/NEJMoa041747

C. Stehouwer, R. Henry, and I. Ferreira, Arterial stiffness in diabetes and the metabolic syndrome: a pathway to cardiovascular disease, Diabetologia, vol.92, issue.4, pp.527-539, 2008.
DOI : 10.1136/hrt.2005.067025

Y. Sugawara, D. Braun, P. Kison, J. Russo, K. Zasadny et al., Rapid detection of human infections with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose and positron emission tomography: preliminary results, European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, vol.25, issue.9, pp.1238-1243, 1998.
DOI : 10.1007/s002590050290

K. Sutton-tyrrell, A. Newman, E. Simonsick, R. Havlik, M. Pahor et al., Aortic Stiffness Is Associated With Visceral Adiposity in Older Adults Enrolled in the Study of Health, Aging, and Body Composition, Hypertension, vol.38, issue.3, pp.429-433, 2001.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.38.3.429

N. Tahara, H. Kai, M. Ishibashi, H. Nakaura, H. Kaida et al., Simvastatin Attenuates Plaque Inflammation, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.48, issue.9, pp.1825-1856, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jacc.2006.03.069

N. Tahara, H. Kai, S. Yamagishi, M. Mizoguchi, H. Nakaura et al., Vascular Inflammation Evaluated by [18F]-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography Is Associated With the Metabolic Syndrome, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.49, issue.14, pp.1533-1542, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jacc.2006.11.046

M. Tatsumi, C. Cohade, Y. Nakamoto, and R. Wahl, Fluorodeoxyglucose Uptake in the Aortic Wall at PET/CT: Possible Finding for Active Atherosclerosis, Radiology, vol.229, issue.3, pp.831-837, 2003.
DOI : 10.1148/radiol.2293021168

A. Tawakol, R. Migrino, G. Bashian, S. Bedri, D. Vermylen et al., In Vivo 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography Imaging Provides a Noninvasive Measure of Carotid Plaque Inflammation in Patients, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.48, issue.9, pp.1818-1842, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jacc.2006.05.076

A. Tawakol, R. Migrino, U. Hoffmann, S. Abbara, S. Houser et al., Noninvasive in vivo measurement of vascular inflammation with F-18

S. Vallabhajosula, J. Machac, and K. Knesaurek, Imaging atherosclerotic lesions by positron emission tomography (PET) using F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose(FDG): preclinical studies in hypercholesterolemic rabbits, Circulation, vol.92, p.313, 1995.

L. Van-bortel, D. Duprez, M. Starmans-kool, M. Safar, C. Giannattasio et al., Clinical applications of arterial stiffness, Task Force III: recommendations for user procedures, American Journal of Hypertension, vol.45, issue.3, pp.445-452, 2002.
DOI : 10.1177/000331979404500305

L. Van-bortel, H. Struijker-boudier, and M. Safar, Pulse Pressure, Arterial Stiffness, and Drug Treatment of Hypertension, Hypertension, vol.38, issue.4, pp.914-921, 2001.
DOI : 10.1161/hy1001.095773

C. Vlachopoulos, I. Dima, K. Aznaouridis, C. Vasiliadou, N. Ioakeimidis et al., Acute Systemic Inflammation Increases Arterial Stiffness and Decreases Wave Reflections in Healthy Individuals, Circulation, vol.112, issue.14, pp.2193-200, 2005.
DOI : 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.535435

S. Vulliémoz, N. Stergiopulos, and R. Meuli, Estimation of local aortic elastic properties with MRI, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.19, issue.Suppl 5, pp.649-654, 2002.
DOI : 10.1097/00005344-199200195-00003

Y. Wang and R. Fitch, Vascular Stiffness: Measurements, Mechanisms and Implications, Current Vascular Pharmacology, vol.2, issue.4, pp.379-84, 2004.
DOI : 10.2174/1570161043385448

R. Wildman, R. Mackey, A. Bostom, T. Thompson, and K. Sutton-tyrrell, Measures of Obesity Are Associated With Vascular Stiffness in Young and Older Adults, Hypertension, vol.42, issue.4, pp.468-473, 2003.
DOI : 10.1161/01.HYP.0000090360.78539.CD

T. Willum-hansen, J. Staessen, C. Torp-pedersen, S. Rasmussen, L. Thijs et al., Prognostic Value of Aortic Pulse Wave Velocity as Index of Arterial Stiffness in the General Population, Circulation, vol.113, issue.5, pp.664-70, 2006.
DOI : 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.579342

P. Wilson, D. Agostino, R. Sullivan, L. Parise, H. Kannel et al., Overweight and Obesity as Determinants of Cardiovascular Risk, Archives of Internal Medicine, vol.162, issue.16, pp.1867-1872, 2002.
DOI : 10.1001/archinte.162.16.1867

J. Womersley, Oscillatory Flow in Arteries. II: The Reflection of the Pulse Wave at Junctions and Rigid Inserts in the Arterial System, Physics in Medicine and Biology, vol.2, issue.4, pp.313-323, 1958.
DOI : 10.1088/0031-9155/2/4/301

S. Yamada, K. Kubota, R. Kubota, T. Ido, and N. Tamahashi, High accumulation of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose in turpentine-induced inflammatory tissue, J Nucl Med, vol.36, pp.1301-1306, 1995.

M. Yasmin, M. Eniery, S. Wallace, I. Mackenzie, J. Cockcroft et al., C-Reactive Protein Is Associated With Arterial Stiffness in Apparently Healthy Individuals, Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol.24, issue.5, pp.969-74, 2004.
DOI : 10.1161/01.ATV.zhq0504.0173

W. S. Yasmin, C. Mceniery, Z. Dakham, P. Pusalkar, K. Maki-petaja et al., Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), MMP-2, and Serum Elastase Activity Are Associated With Systolic Hypertension and Arterial Stiffness, Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), MMP-2, and Serum Elastase Activity Are Associated With Systolic Hypertension and Arterial Stiffness, pp.372-380, 2005.
DOI : 10.1161/01.ATV.0000151373.33830.41

H. Yu, H. Peng, J. Wang, C. Wen, and W. Tseng, Quantification of the pulse wave velocity of the descending aorta using axial velocity profiles from phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.50, issue.4, pp.876-883, 2006.
DOI : 10.1148/radiology.198.3.8628864

M. Yun, S. Jang, A. Cucchiara, A. Newberg, and A. Alavi, 18F FDG uptake in the large arteries: A correlation study with the atherogenic risk factors, Seminars in Nuclear Medicine, vol.32, issue.1, pp.70-76, 2002.
DOI : 10.1053/snuc.2002.29279

M. Yun, D. Yeh, L. Araujo, S. Jang, A. Newberg et al., F-18 FDG Uptake in the Large Arteries, Clin Nuclear Med, vol.26, issue.4, pp.314-319, 2001.
DOI : 10.1097/00003072-200104000-00007

Z. Zhang, J. Machac, G. Helft, S. Worthley, C. Tang et al., Non-invasive imaging of atherosclerotic plaque macrophage in a rabbit model with F-18 FDG PET: a histopathological correlation, BMC Nuclear Medicine, vol.105, issue.110, p.3, 2006.
DOI : 10.1161/01.CIR.0000020548.60110.76