Étude structurale par diffraction, absorption des rayons X et simulations Monte-Carlo de matériaux zéolithiques

Abstract : The organic-inorganic composites with zeolite as host matrix are mostly studied to produce performing materials for non-linear optics, optoelectronics, optical/magnetic memories. The performances of these new materials are driven by the coupling between the guest and host properties, in particular, by the molecularframework, molecular-cation interactions. Actually, only few accurate crystallographic structures of such composite are available in literature, so the guest-host interactions are still little known. In this work, I'm interested in the crystallographic structures of two composites: temperature induced spin crossover Co2+(bpy)3-zeolite X and dmpNA-mordenite that have to produce the Second Harmonic Generation signal. In the case of magnetic composite, I have particularly studied the composite precursor, zeolite Na,Co-X, in the different hydration states in order to follow an insight on structural modifications induced by water molecules desorption. Because of desorder, the structural studies are difficult. Nevertheless, the complementarities of the experimental (X-ray Diffraction and Absorption) and simulations (Monte-Carlo) approaches were fruitful to obtain the accurate partially/completely hydrated and dehydrated structures. These structures clearly show the cell volume contraction and cation migrations over dehydration that where caused by the strong cobalt-framework interactions. The crystal structure of dmpNA-mordenite has been determined from high resolution synchrotron powder diffraction and showed that zeolite straight channels are completely loaded with dmpNA molecules with a moderate tilt angle relative to the channel axe which is favourable to frequency doubling signal.
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Elena Borissenko. Étude structurale par diffraction, absorption des rayons X et simulations Monte-Carlo de matériaux zéolithiques. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN10074⟩. ⟨tel-01748408⟩

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