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A. Swiff and M. J. , 1983 -Decomposition in tropical forests In: Tropical Rain Forests, pp.287-309

A. J. , H. S. Ineson, L. M. Et, and S. P. , 1985 - Interactions of invertebrates, micro-organisms and tree roots in nitrogen and mineraI element fluxes in deciduous woodland soils, Bla.ckwell, pp.377-392

A. J. , P. J. Et, and V. H. , 1983 -Ecological studies in four contrasting lowland rain forests in Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak. 3. Decomposition processes and nutrient losses from leaf litter, J. Ecol, vol.71, pp.503-528

A. Ahane and M. , 1989 -Biodynamique des humus et cycles biogéochimiques des éléments dans des sites forestiers et des sites cultivés en cacaoyers du Centre-sud Cameroun (région d'Akongo) Thèse Doct, p.189

A. A. Et and J. D. , 1990 -Decomposition of carbon-14labeled ryegrass and maize under tropical conditions, Soil Sei. Soc. Am. J, vol.54, pp.112-115

B. F. Et and G. H. , 1957 -Saison sèche et régime xérothermique, Documents pour les cartes des productions végétales, t. III, p.173

B. 1. Wagner-g and M. A. Et, 1988 -Soil organic matter turnover in long-term field experimenrs as revealed by Carbon 13 llliturai abundance

B. H. Et and F. M. , 1956 -The organic matter and nitrogen status of East African soils, J. Soil Sei, vol.7, pp.156-167

B. E. , L. P. Et, and S. A. , 1989 -Effects of two tropical earthworms (Oligochreta : Eudrilidre) on the size distribution of aggregates in an African soiL Rev, Ecol. Biol. Sol, vol.26, pp.417-425

B. E. , L. P. Et, and S. A. , 1990 -Effects of biomass and size of Millsoniaanomala (Oligochreta : Acanthodrilidre) on particle aggregation in a tropical soil in the presence of Panicum maximum (Graminre), Biol. fertil. Soils, vol.10, pp.113-120

B. P. Et and T. B. , 1975 -etude d'un écosystème forestier de montagne du Sud de l'Inde, Bull. Ecologie, vol.6, pp.525-539

B. P. De, 1970 -Etude du complexe absorbant des sols ferrallitiques forestiers de Côte d'Ivoire, Cah. ORSTOM, sér. Pédol, pp.391-418

B. P. De, 1973 -Les matières organiques des sols ferrallitiques. ln : Les sols ferrallitiques. 5. La matière organique et la vie dans les sols ferrallitiques, I.D.T. ORSTOM nO, vol.21, pp.7-66

B. P. Et and B. G. , 1987 -La rhizosphère: site d'interactions biologiques, Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol, vol.24, pp.369-388

B. J. , B. A. Hadj, S. R. Et, and S. , 1989 - Biodegradation of synthetic organo-metallic complexes of iron and aluminium with selected metal to carbon ratios, Soil Biol. Biochem, vol.21, pp.961-966

B. G. Et and P. J. , 1986 -Influence des héritages morphopédologiques dans la répartition des formations forestières: région de Sorab-Siddapur (Inde du Sud) Bois et forêts des tropiques, pp.3-21

. Boyer-1, 1978 -Le calcium et le magnésium dans les sols des régions trpoicales humides et sub-humides, LD.T. ÜRSTüM nO, vol.35, issue.119

B. S. Et and R. D. , 1991 -Characterization of fulvic and humic acids from an Oxisol- Spodosol toposequence of Amazonia, Brazil. Geoderma, vol.48, pp.151-162

G. Bray, Litter Production in Forests of the World, Adv. Ecol. Res, vol.2, pp.101-157
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B. P. Jackman-r, et McNICOLL 1., 1964 -Mineralization of carbon and nitrogen in sorne New Zealand allophanic soils, Soil Sei, vol.98, pp.118-128

B. S. Et and L. A. , 1982 -The storage and production of organic matter in tropical forests and their role in the global carbon cycle, Biotropica, vol.14, pp.167-187

C. C. , P. J. , T. C. Et, and R. G. , 1991 -Palynological reconstruction of a wet evergreen forest in the Western Ghâts (India) from c. 1800 to c. 1400 years BP, J. of Palynology, p.25

C. C. Et and V. B. , 1981 -Carbon content in a yellow latosol of central Amazon rain forest, Acta oecot, OEcoi. gener, vol.8, pp.29-42

C. A. , G. J. Et, and S. H. , 1987 -Importance et distribution des racines et des êtres vivants dans un "latossol" argileux sous forêt sempervirente, Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol, vol.24, pp.19-48

C. W. Et and C. D. , 1990 -Effect of living roots on soil organic matter decomposition, Soil Biol. Biochem, vol.22, pp.781-787

C. Y. , ~. N. Enesi, and S. M. Et, 1977 -Information provided on humic substances by E4/E6 ratios, Soil Sei. Soc. Am. J, vol.41, pp.352-358

C. M. Et and G. S. , 1989 -The influence of earthworms and cranefly larVée on the decomposition of uniformly 14C labelledplant material in soil, J. Soii ScL, vol.40, pp.117-124

T. Chane, A. F. Correa-lc, . Volkoff-b, and C. C. Et, 1991 -Changes in organic matter in an oxisol from the central Amazonian forest during eight years as pasture, determined by isotopie composition, Proc. 8th International Symposium on Environmental Biochemistry (ISEB), J. Berthelin (éd), pp.387-405

C. N. Management and S. L. , 1983 -Termite population and their role in litter removal in Malaysian rain forests In: : Tropical Rain Forest, Ecology

C. E. Et and M. , 1983 -Root production and organic matter decomposition in a tierra firme forest of the upper Rio Negro basin. In : Wurzelôkologie und ihre Nutzanwendung / Root Ecology and its Practical Application, Int. Syp. Gumpenstein, pp.653-666, 1982.

C. E. Et and M. , 1986 -Nutrient dynamics within Amazonian forests. 1. Nutrient flux in fine litter fall and efficiency of nutrient utilization, OEcologia, vol.68, pp.468-472

C. E. Et and M. , 1988 -Nutrient dynamics within Amazonian forests. 2. Fine rpot growth, nu trient availability and leaf litter decomposition. <Ecologia,-76, pp.222-235

D. C. Schaefer-r and Z. Z. Et, 1986 -Effets du type d'argile sur les activités microbiennes de divers sols tropicaux, pp.105-126, 1986.

D. R. Et and H. C. , 1986 -Tropical forests and the global carbon cycle, Science, vol.239, pp.42-47

D. Ph, 1979 -Pédologie. 1. Pédogénèse et classification, Masson (éd), vol.477

D. M. , M. V. Et, and B. B. , 1990 -Apparent control of mass loss rate of leaf litter on a regional scale, Scand. J. For. Res, vol.5, pp.311-323

E. A. Garrido-m and M. M. Et, 1987 -Decay curves ofleaf litter from evergreen and deciduous tree species, Acta. oecot, <Ecol. plant, vol.8, pp.81-90

F. C. Burtin-g, G. B. Et, and B. J. , 1989 -Application des· méthodes de fractionnement à l'étude des matières organiques des sols, pp.19-21, 1989.

G. Sillam-e, 1987 -Biologie et rôle des termites dans les processus d'humification des sols forestiers tropicaux du Congo, Thèse Doct. Etat

G. Sillam, E. , R. J. Et, and T. , Les composes humiques des termitieres de Thoracotermes macrothorax (Humivore) et de Macrotermes m??lleri (Champignonniste), Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol.21, issue.4, pp.499-505
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G. Sillam, E. , T. F. Et, and R. J. , 1988 -Comparaison de l'influence de deux termites (humivore et champignonniste) sur la stabilité structurale des sols tropicaux, Pedobiologia, vol.32, pp.89-97

G. J. Et and J. F. , 1975 -Influence de la végétation sur l'humification en sol ferrallitique, Cah. ORSTOM, sér. Pédol., XIII, pp.279-298

G. E. Kachanoski-r and V. R. Et, 1989 -Carbon mineralisation in soil size fractions after various amounts of aggregate disruption, J. Soil Sei, vol.40, pp.649-659

G. E. Voroney-r and K. R. Et, 1991 -Turnover of carbon through the microbial biomass in soils with different textures, Soil Biol. Biochem, vol.23, pp.799-805

. Hopkins, Vegetation of the Olokemeji Forest Reserve, Nigeria: IV. The Litter and Soil with Special Reference to Their Seasonal Changes, The Journal of Ecology, vol.54, issue.3, pp.687-703, 1966.
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H. P. , W. T. , W. M. Wu-m, and H. W. Et, 1977 -Retention of phenolic acids by non-crystalline hydroxy-aluminium and fe compounds and clay mineraIs of soils. Soil Sei, pp.213-219

H. T. , J. C. , J. A. Siccama-t, and R. D. , 1989 -Carbon, organic matter and bulk density relationships in a forested spodosol, pp.380-386

J. D. , A. D. Et-wll, and A. , 1991 -Model estimates ofCÛ2 emission from soil in response to global warming, Nature, vol.351, pp.304-306

J. D. Et and A. A. , 1977 -Decomposition of carbon-14 plant material under tropical conditions, Soil Sei. Soc. Am. J, vol.41, pp.912-915

J. D. , H. P. , R. J. Et, and P. L. , 1987 -Modelling the turnover of organic matter in long-term experiments at Rothamsted, IntecoI. Bull, vol.15, pp.1-8

J. H. , G. S. Et, and B. Et, 1949 -Comparative study of decomposition. rates of organic matter in temperate and tropical regions, Soil Sci, vol.68, pp.419-432

M. L. Jocteur-, 1986 -Données récentes sur l'humification, Science du sol, vol.25, pp.377-388

. F. Jordan-e and E. G. Et, Root Productivity in an Amazonian Rain Forest, Ecology, vol.61, issue.1, pp.14-18
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K. J. Till-k and S. R. , 1991 -Biogeochemistry of deforestation and biomass burning In : The science of global change: the in pact of human activities on the environment, Symposium series no 483, pp.426-456

K. J. , E. Et, and C. T. , Organic carbon on a volume basis in tropical and temperate soils, In: Trans. 14 th Int. Congo Soii Sci.~ Kyoto, Japan, vol.V, pp.248-253, 1990.

K. H. Et and H. G. , 1967 -The chemical analysis of small samples of leaf material and the relationship between the disappearance and composition of leaves, Pedobiologia, vol.7, pp.192-197

L. F. Caro and R. R. Et, Leaf Litter Disappearance Rates in Puerto Rican Montane Rain Forest, Biotropica, vol.17, issue.4, pp.269-276
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L. J. Et and A. M. , 1981 -Microbial biomass formed from 14C, 15N_ labelled plant material decomposing in the field, Soil Biol. Biochem, vol.13, pp.119-126

L. H. Et and M. J. , 1954 -Les Les cycles d'éléments minéraux et de matière organique en forêt équatoriale congolaise

L. H. , M. J. Et, and P. A. , 1960 -Les relations quantitatives entre la teneur en matière organique du sol et le climat, Agricultura, vol.8, pp.103-140

L. Velle and P. , 1988 -Earthworm activities and the soil system, Biol. Fertil. Soils, vol.6, pp.237-251

S. A. Et and S. R. , 1991 -A hierachical model for decomposition in terrestrial ecosystems : Application to soils in the humid tropics, Biotropica

L. P. Et and P. B. , 1989 -Soil macrofauna and land management in Peruvian Amazonia, Pedobiologia, vol.33, pp.283-291

L. K. Et and W. T. , 1971 -Termites and soils, p.251

L. Et and S. R. , 1984-Moda1ities of the energy-flow in different tropical soils, as related to their mineralizatlon capacity of organic carbon and to the type of clay. 2. The degradation of various substrats, Zbl. Mikrob, vol.139, pp.389-400

L. J. Et and P. D. , 1976 -Litter decomposition in a cool temperate deciduous forest, Cano J. Bot, vol.54, pp.419-436

M. Se, F. R. Freson, G. G. Et, and M. M. Se-mousset, 1975 -Litterfall and litter breakdown in Miombo, Ecological Studies Il, pp.137-152

M. R. Proctor-j and H. A. Et-montford-m, 1988 -Changes in soil nitrogen-mineralisation and nitrification along an altitudinal transect in tropical rain forest in Costa Rica, J. Ecol, vol.76, pp.466-482

M. A. , M. A. , B. J. Et, and V. R. , 1990 -Estimate of organic matter turnover rate in a savanna soil by BC naturalabundance measurements, Soil Biol. Biochem, vol.22, pp.517-523

M. T. Et and A. T. , 1979 -The role of termites in an equatorial rain forest ecosystem of West Malaysia. 2. Leaf litter consumption of the forest floor, OEcologia, vol.38, pp.261-274

M. C. , P. J. , A. J. Et, and M. J. , 1985 -Forest litter . decomposition in relation to soil nitrogen dynamics and litter quality, Ecology, vol.66, pp.266-275

M. J. Cheshire-m, A. F. Et, and B. J. , 1986 -OrganomineraI complexes in relation to pedogenesis, Interactions of Soil Minerais with Natural Organics and Microbes, P.M. Huang et M. Schnitzer (éds), pp.549-592

M. V. Box-e and T. R. Et, 1982 -World patterns and amounts of terrestrial plant litter production, Bioscience, vol.32, pp.125-128

M. V. , G. J. Et, and B. E. , 1985 -World patterns and amounts of detrital soil carbon, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, pp.557-567

L. A. Melillo-lm, R. A. Fry-b, and N. K. Et, 1989 -Carbon and nitrogen dynamics along the decay continuum : plant litter to soil organic matter, pp.189-198

M. R. Den, V. J. Van, and . A~, 1985 -Turnover of root-derived material and related microbial biomass formation in soils of different texture, Soil Biol. Biochem, vol.17, pp.565-569

M. C. Et and B. G. , 1973 -Microbiologie des sols ferrallitiques In : Les sols ferrallitiques. 5. La matière organique et la vie dans les sols ferrallitiques, LD.T. ORSTOM nO, vol.21, pp.67-98

N. A. Et and H. R. , 1982 -Earthwonn populations in a Venezuelan tropical rain forest, Pedobiologia, vol.23, pp.437-443

N. Kha, 1973 -Recherches sur l'évolution des osls à texture argileuse en conditions tempérées et tropicales

. H. Ogawa, 1978 -Litter production and carbon cycling in Pasoh forest, Malay. Nat J, vol.30, pp.367-373

O. V. Et and C. P. , 1983 -Relationship between soil respiration and soil . moisture. Soil, Biol. Biochem, vol.15, pp.447-453

P. C. Et and S. P. , 1990 -Decomposition and nutrient release patterns of the leaves of three tropical legumes, Biotropica, vol.22, pp.330-338

P. W. , S. D. , C. C. Et, and O. D. , 1987 -Analysis of factors controlling soil organic matter levels in Great Plains grasslands, Soil Sci. Am. J, vol.51, pp.1173-1179

P. J. Shyam-sunder, S. Et, and M. M. Homji-v, b -Forest map of south India, 1/250 000 scale, sheet Shimoga, the Kamataka Forest Department and the French Institute, 1982.

P. J. Shyam-sunder, S. Et, and M. M. Homji-v, 1984 -Forest map of south India, 1/250 000 scale, sheet Belgaum-Dharwar-Panaji, the Karnataka Forest Department and the French Institute

P. J. Aber and C. A. Mcclaugherty, 1984 -Aboveground production and N and P cycling along a nitrogen mineralization grdient <?n Blckhawk Island, Wisconsin. Ecology, vol.65, pp.256-268

P. W. , E. W. Zinke-p, and S. A. Et, 1982 -Soil carbon pools and world life zones, Nature, vol.298, pp.156-159

. N. Rai-s and P. J. Et, Ecological Studies on Four Rainforests in Karnataka, India: II. Litterfall, The Journal of Ecology, vol.74, issue.2, pp.455-463, 1986.
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R. O. Inger, M. F. Toutain-f, and . F. Et-arnould-m, 1978 -Etude ultrastructurale des processus de biodégradation. 1. Pourriture blanche des feuilles de hêtre (Fagus sylvatica L.), Cano J. Microbiol, vol.24, pp.725-733

S. 1. Et and T. Y. , 1984 -An analysis of termite faunae in Malayan rainforests, J

S. P. Et and M. R. , 1986 -Organic matter and soil fertility.management in acid soils of the Tropics Jn : Tran.s·. 13 th Int, Congo Soit Sci, pp.509-625

S. J. , L. A. Et, and B. J. , 1989 -Immobilization of enzymes~on clays and soils, Soii Biol. Biochem, vol.21, pp.223-230

S. , .. H. Et, and H. M. , 1981 -Decomposition of chaparral shrub foliage : losses of organic and inorganic constituents from deciduous and evergreen leaves, Ecology, vol.62, pp.762-764

S. R. Samuels-g and C. C. Et, 1951 -Organic matter and nitrogen buildups in SOrne Puerto Rican soil profiles, Soil Sei, vol.72, pp.408-427

S. A. Et and L. P. Feuvre-r, 1987 -Breakdown of four litters of contrasting quality in a tropical Austrlian forest, J. Appl. EcoI, vol.24, pp.279-288

S. A. Isbell-r and P. M. Et, 1983 -Soil organic matter In : Soils : an Austrlian viewpoint. Division of Soils, C.S.I.R.O, pp.551-563

S. N. Et and S. M. , 1977 -Root biomass and nu trient storage in rain forest oxisols near San Carlos de Rio Negro, Trop. EcoI, vol.18, pp.1-19

S. D. Kas, S. G. Jarrell-w, M. J. Et, and R. K. , 1983 - Stabilization and incorporation into biomass of specific plant carbons during biodegradation in soil, Pl. soil, vol.70, pp.15-26

S. M. Russel-, S. A. Et, and P. T. , 1981 -Decomposition and mineraI nutrient dynamics ûf plant Htter in a regenerating bush-fallow in sub-humid tropical Nigeria, J. Ecol, vol.69, pp.981-995

. Sys-e, 1972 -Caractérisation morphologique et physicochimique de profils types de l'Afrique centrale. Publications de l'I

. E. Tanner, The Decomposition of Leaf Litter in Jamaican Montane Rain Forests, The Journal of Ecology, vol.69, issue.1, pp.263-273
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U. V. Singh and M. V. , 1989 -Dynamics and weight loss of leaf litter in central himalayan forests : abiotic versus litter quality influences, J. Ecol, vol.77, pp.147-161

V. Campo and E. , 1983 -Paléoclimatologie des bordures de la mer d'Arabie depuis 150 000 ans, analyse pollinique et stratigraphique isotopique, Thèse U.S.T.L, p.114

V. Gestel, M. Ladd, and A. M. Et, Carbon and nitrogen mineralization from two soils of contrasting texture and microaggregate stability: Influence of sequential fumigation, drying and storage, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol.23, issue.4, pp.313-322
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V. Veen, J. A. Ladd-j, and A. M. Et, Turnover of carbon and nitrogen through the microbial biomass in a sandy loam and a clay soil incubated with [14C(U)]glucose and [15N](NH4)2So4 under different moisture regimes, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol.17, issue.6, pp.747-756
DOI : 10.1016/0038-0717(85)90128-2

V. Veen, J. A. , M. R. Et, and V. E. De-geijn-s, 1989 -Plant-and soil related controls of the flow of carbon from roots through the soil microbial biomass, pp.179-188

V. G. Et and T. F. , 1987 -La préparation des échantillons de sol pour l'observation en microscopie électronique à transmission; Mise au point d'une méthode préservant leur stabilité et l'organisation des éléments organiques et minéraux. ln : "Micromorphologie des sols, N. Feodoroff, L.M, pp.43-48

V. K. and G. C. Vogt-d, l, 1986 -Production, turnover and nutrient dynamics of above and belowground detritus of world forests, Adv. Ecol. Res, vol.15, pp.303-377

W. R. Et and L. G. , 1982 -A critique of the analytical methods used in examining decomposition data obtained from litter bags, Ecology, vol.63, pp.1636-1642

W. M. Olson, 1963 -Breakdown of confined and non confined oak liner, Oikos, vol.14, pp.138-147

W. T. , J. R. Bacchus-s, O. M. Et, and A. J. , Abundance and distribution of termites in a riparian forest in the Southern Guinea savanna vegetation zone of Nigeria, Biotropica, vol.14, pp.25-39, 1982.

. Grauwacke, Partie médiane d'une courte pente moyennement mide, à 500 m de la crête des Ghâts

. Ensuite, une vingtaine d'espèces parmi les plus communes ont été emmenées en France pour être identifiées par P. LAVELLE selon la typologie écologique présentée dans le texte

B. Agu and U. , YEL ont été échantillonnés avec des gros cylindres (lI cm x 91 cm 2 = 1000 cm 3 ) Un cylindre est enfoncé dans l'horizon de surface, puis est dégagé d'un côté jusqu'à obtention d'une surface plane horizontale au niveau de la limite inférieure du cylindre. Un second cylindre est alors enfoncé dans cette surface plane, jusqu'à ce que son bord supérieur soit en, Les quatre profils de 44 cm des sites

L. Horizons-de-suface-des-sites, . Bal, . Kosh, . Nir, and . Upp, utilisés pour les fractionnements physico-chimiques saisonniers sont le mélange de 5 prélèvements de l'horizon 0-6 cm, à l'intérieur d'une même aire de 100 m 2 . sédimentation et siphonnage jusqu'à épuisement

. Carallia-brachiata-(-laur and . Merr, Cinnamomum maLabathrum (Burm.f.) BI. Dimocarpus Longan Lour. Hopea parviflora Bedd. Lagerstroemia microcarpa Wt, Neolitsea zeyLanica (Nees) Merr. Persea macrantha (Nees) Kosterm. PoeciLoneuron indicum Bedd. Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeeis Terminalia aLata Roth Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb

. Pluviosité, température et durée de la saison sèche dans les sites d'étude, p.36

. Porosité-totale-de-l, horizon de surface rapportée (a) au volume de la terre fine et des . vides, (b) au volume total, en fonction de la teneur en matière organique (a) pondérale, p.47

. Relations-entre-la-durée, ou l'intensité de la saison sèche et le rapport AFfAH de la matière organique fine « 2!lm)

. Vii, Différences de répartition du poids minéral, entre le fractionne~ent sans destruction de la matière organique et l'analyse granulométrique, p.114

. Vin, Couleur au code Munsell des horizons de surface (humides) sous forêt sempervirente et sous forêt décidue, dans un contexte écologique similaire (même pluviosité: 1700 mm.an-l , même roche mère: le grauwacke)